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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract The possible classification for tool steels is their division into four groups according to their final application: hot-worked, cold-worked, plastic mold, and high-speed tool steels. This chapter mainly follows such division by application, but the grade nomenclatures used here are...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steels, low-alloy special-purpose tool steels, mold tool steels, high-speed tool steels, and powder metallurgy tool steels. This chapter provides discusses the manufacturing process, composition, properties, types, and applications of these tool steels and other cutting tool materials, such as cemented...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... permanent mold casting (LLPM), a refractory barrier between steel molds and molten aluminum is essential to prevent mold–metal interaction at the interface. Mold coatings have influences in both GPM and LPPM, including: The coating acts as an interfacial barrier to prevent metal from building up and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses various factors pertinent to the applications of low-pressure permanent mold casting process, namely decorative automotive wheels, critical safety structural components, and chassis components. low-pressure permanent mold castings decorative automotive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of tool steels, discussing their composition, properties, and behaviors. It covers all types and classes of wrought and powder metal tool steels, including high-speed steels, hot and cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, and mold steels. It...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
..., other cast alloys using this process include gold (jewelry), specialty steels, superalloys, and titanium (aerospace and defense applications). The process derives its name from the ceramic slurry that is “invested,” or enveloped, over a net shape wax pattern to create the ceramic mold. Another name...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... include water-hardening; shock-resisting; oil-hardening cold-work; air-hardening, medium-alloy cold-work; high-carbon, high-chromium cold-work; low-alloy, special-purpose; mold; hot-work; and high-speed tool steels. air-hardening tool steel annealing austenitizing high-carbon tool steel high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., superior surface finishes, and better mechanical properties due to the faster solidification rates. Mold materials include gray cast iron and hot work die steels, such as H11 and H13. When a disposable sand or plaster core is used with this process, it is referred to as semipermanent mold casting. Another...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... internal stresses, the degree of fiber orientation, postmold shrinkage, and warpage. Fig. 10.23 Injection molding machine Matched-metal dies for thermoplastic production runs are normally made of high-strength tool steels that are often plated for additional abrasion resistance. Typical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter focuses on the failure aspects of tool steels. The discussion covers the classification, chemical composition, main characteristics, and several failures of tool steels and their relation to heat treatment. The tool steels covered are hot work, cold work, plastic mold, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... characteristics of austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, duplex, and precipitation hardening stainless steel powders and metal injection molding grades. alloy composition stainless steel stainless steel powder References 1. Kovach C.W. and Redmond J.D. , Austenitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... melting, electron beam hearth melting, rammed graphite mold casting, sand casting, investment casting, hot isostatic pressing, weld repair, and heat treatment -- along with related equipment, process challenges, and achievable properties and microstructures. It also explains how titanium parts are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... Relation in Sintered 17-4 PH Stainless Steel , Mater. Sci. Forum , Vol 534 , 2007 , p 645 – 648 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.534-536.645 2. Sung H.J. , Ha T.K. , Ahn S. , and Chang Y.W. , Powder Injection Molding of a 17-4 PH Stainless Steel and the Effect of Sintering...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Abstract This chapter discusses the methods by which stainless steel powders are shaped and compacted prior to sintering, including rigid die compaction, metal injection molding, extrusion, and hot isostatic pressing. It explains where each process is used and how processing parameters, such as...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the designations of carbon and low-alloy steels and their general characteristics in terms of their response to hardening and mechanical properties. The steels covered are low-carbon steels, higher manganese carbon steels, boron-treated carbon steels, H-steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... metal into molds. Factors that work against obtaining a perfect homogeneous product are: The fast shrinkage of steel as it cools (roughly 5% in volume) The gaseous products that are trapped by the solidifying metal as they try to escape from the liquid and semisolid metal Small crevices in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... produce properties superior to those attainable with wrought alloys, for example, extended alloy solubility and improved formability, fatigue, and impact strength. Stainless steel powders used for injection molding are generally made by gas, water, hybrid gas-water, or centrifugal atomization. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
..., and it can be used in aluminum die-casting cavities to solve metal erosion problems by the molten aluminum. Gate areas in tool steel (H13, etc.) molds often erode quickly; tungsten does not, it resists molten metal erosion. Tantalum is like a super stainless steel. It can usually withstand...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... which it is poured into the mold of a continuous casting machine ( Ref 9.8 – 9.10 ). With good control, each vessel for liquid steel offers the opportunity to remove inclusions, but as Fig. 9.3 and 9.4 show, the transfer of liquid steel, flow, and turbulence in the liquid steels, slags, and mold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... semi-killed, capped, violently rimmed ingot (No. 8). The horizontal dotted line indicates the height to which the steel originally was poured in each ingot mold. When no deoxidizing agents are added in the furnace, the resulting steel is referred to as “rimmed steel.” Rimmed steels are...