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mineral oils

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... pulled crude oil from the ground in large quantities. Up to that time, there were many machines in use that needed lubrication to work, but lubricants from natural sources such as whales and plants carried the load. Oil, as it comes from the ground, is called mineral oil, probably because it contains...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and hot forging do not readily facilitate the use of organic-based lubrication systems (i.e., mineral oils) or soaps. Organic-based lubricants will burn and soap-based lubricants will melt at these temperatures. Thus, the choices of lubrication systems are very limited [ Schey, 1983 ]. The four most...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... proved acceptable. Supplying a constant flood of cutting fluid to the cutting area is frequently more important than the composition of the fluid. Sulfurized or chlorinated cutting oils, applied straight or diluted 1 to 1 with low-viscosity mineral oil, are used in some applications. Diluting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... A, excellent; B, good; C, acceptable; NR, not recommended; SUS, Say-bolt universal second. Ratings consider effectiveness, cleanliness, ease of removal, and other suitability factors. (a) Vegetable or animal types; mineral oil is used for blending. (b) May be diluted with water. (c) Water emulsions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... known to be useful for lubrication of wheel bearings. Whale oils were used for all sorts of tribological applications as were many naturally occurring oils like rapeseed, castor oils, even olive oil. About the year 1850, mineral oil started to be extracted from the Earth in large quantities...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
..., respectively. Chlorinated paraffin oil and plain mineral oil were evaluated as lubricants. A circular punch was used, and backstroke force was measured. Backstroke force increases with increasing sheet material pickup on the punch surface as the number of stroke increases. Scanning electron microscopy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... system for oil containers The use of mineral or synthetic oil is also an issue when oil is determined to be the lubricant of choice. Most lubrication experts agree that a synthetic oil can usually outperform a mineral oil from the standpoint of molecular breakdown. Synthetics can tolerate higher...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... a square wave based on the ratio of charge transferred to the lower sensor plate per equation 2 [11 , 12] . Since DI water has resistivities of 20 MΩ-cm or less it will appear as a short circuit in endpoint. [13] . Mineral oil and crystal bond wax (hot wax) are covalent and therefore non-conductive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... complexity. Various contaminants may infiltrate the oxide layer (such as oils, gases, acids, and rust preventives), and the surface may be carburized or decarburized, nitrided, or subjected to some other surface treatment, or coated with a polymer or phosphate. Many other surface-chemistry variations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... of much energy. It has been estimated, for example, that 10% of oil consumption in the United States is used simply to overcome friction. The energy lost to friction is an energy input that must continually be provided in order to maintain the sliding motion. This energy is dissipated in the system...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... features, advantages, and limitations, although the dividing line is not always clearly identifiable. The four basic types of cutting fluids are: Cutting oils: straight and compounded mineral oil (plus additives) Water-miscible (water-soluble) fluids: emulsifiable oils (soluble oils), chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces • D 665, Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water • D 849, Test Method for Copper Corrosion of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons • D 930, Test Method of Total Immersion Corrosion Test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... and soils, as well as in bituminous coals, concentrations of beryllium fall in the range of 0.1 to 3.0 ppm. The beryllium content of mineral oils is estimated at less than 100 μg/L and of natural waters at below 1 μg/L. None of these materials have had any value as commercial sources of beryllium. Beryl...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.9781627083027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... to different types of test rigs. Tribocorrosion is very important in slurries, in rubbing surfaces immersed in chemicals, and the like. Almost all oil well and hydraulic fracturing activities involve tribocorrosion, and its study is continually increasing. The mechanism is dissolution of a surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
.... The nose of the fuse body was placed onto a brass, water-cooled nest to prevent the nose from heating and hardening. Nitrogen atmosphere was used to prevent scale, with an austenitizing cycle of 9 s. The parts were oil quenched in mineral oil and then furnace tempered. The final surface finish was good...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... fed into a rotary dryer. Fig. 6.3 Concentration plant from Mineral Concentrates and Chemical Company, Inc. Source: Johnston 1967 Bulatovic [1988] patented a process for flotation of phenacite and bertrandite using a so-called tall oil fatty acid base collector. In this process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... environments require coating of all exposed surfaces. In less hostile environments, magnesium alloys can be used with no protective treatment. Magnesium is rapidly attacked by all mineral acids, with the exception of HF and pure HCrO 4 . In HF, a protective magnesium fluoride film is formed. Magnesium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... ( Ref 1 ). Table 1 shows the vastly lower rates of metal ion release from stainless than from aluminum and carbon steel, both of which are permissible, if not optimal, food contact materials. Aluminum releases aluminum ions into solution of both cooking oil and 3% acetic acid at nearly equal rates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2