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microstructural analysis

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... section. Phase contrast, 40× objective Fig. 12.9 Transmitted-light microscopy of the natural fiber composite ultrathin section. Hoffman modulation contrast, 40× objective Abstract Microstructural analysis of the composite matrix is necessary to understand the performance of the part...
Image
Published: 01 December 2000
Fig. 5.64 Typical microstructure of experimental gears. Microstructure analysis: the microstructure consists of ferrite and pearlite. There is no evidence of banding. Section location: gear hub. Process: 100×, etched 3% nital More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...-defined chevron marks along the fracture surface that end in a shear lip on the convex side. Further examination using a SEM shows that the failure was due to overload. Based on these observations and the results of tensile testing and microstructural analysis, investigators concluded that a sudden impact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This report describes the failure of a gas turbine in a combined-cycle power plant and the examination and tests that were conducted to determine the cause. Based on microstructural analysis, hardness measurements, and tensile tests, the failure was attributed to inadequate clearances...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... and progressed circumferentially outward. Based on these observations and the results of SEM fractography and microstructural analysis, the fatigue cracking can be traced to insufficient fillet radius at the transition zone. crack initiation fatigue failure pressure impulse testing SEM fractography...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... International® All rights reserved asminternational.org Introduction Purpose of Text, Microstructure and Analysis, Steel Definitions, and Specifications Purpose of This Book THE PURPOSE OF THIS BOOK is to describe the physical metallurgy, i.e., the processing-s­tructure-p­ roperty relationships, of steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A second-stage compressor blade in an aircraft engine fractured after 21 h of service. The remaining portion of the blade was removed and examined as were several adjacent blades. Based on the results of SEM fractography, microstructural analysis, and hardness testing, the blade failed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses some of the more advanced methods and procedures used in failure analysis, including in-service material sampling, in situ microstructure analysis, and a form of punch testing that can determine the fracture toughness of any material from a tiny specimen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... measurements. fatigue fracture fractography microstructural analysis turbine blades Summary A low-pressure turbine rotor blade failed in service, causing extensive damage to the engine. The blade failed by stress rupture followed by fatigue due to high operating temperature. Background...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... images of the microstructure and fracture surfaces and explains what some of the details reveal about the failure. fatigue crack metallography microstructural analysis SEM fractography turbine blades Summary A blade from the last turbine stage of an aircraft engine failed in service...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... microstructural analysis visual examination Summary A four-engine aircraft made a test flight after a number of rectifications and ground runs. After becoming airborne, a fire warning came on for one of the engines. Even after a three-engine landing, the fire warning continued. On strip examination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... The bolts were removed and analyzed to determine the mode and cause of failure. Based on the results of macroscopy, scanning electron fractography, metallographic examination, and chemical analysis, the failures were caused by stress corrosion cracking, and in one case, overtightening. microstructural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... to overheating, possibly as a result of misalignment compounded by insufficient lubrication and high speeds. aircraft engine bearings high-temperature wear microstructural analysis visual examination Summary In an aircraft engine, two center support ball bearings failed. In one, the inner ring...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... characterization of a sectioned weld, including features such as number of passes; weld bead size, shape, and homogeneity; and the orientation of beads in a multipass weld. Macroscopic characterization is followed by microstructural analysis, including microsegregation, grain size and structure, the phase makeup...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... by metallography. Fig. 4.12 Optical microstructure showing (a) transgranular and (b) intergranular crack propagation. Source: Ref 4 . With kind permission of Elsevier Publishing Company References References 1. McCall J.L. and French P.M. , Metallography in Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... spectroscopy analysis on the outer surface showed the presence of oxygen, manganese, sodium, magnesium, silicon, sulfur, calcium, and vanadium. Microstructural analysis showed a ferrite and bainite structure with in situ degradation of bainite to form ferrite and carbides ( Fig. 8.7 ). Scanning electron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... crystal structure followed by hematite and magnetite layers. Chemical analysis confirmed the MOC of the tube as SA 213 T91 steel. The microstructure was tempered martensite, with normal tensile and hardness values. However, the thickness of the internal scale, which was in the range of 160 µm...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... that a considerable amount of rubbing occurred after the shaft broke. SEM fractography revealed deformation marks and elongated dimples, typical of shear overloads, along with other details. Based on their analysis, investigators concluded that the cardan shaft failed under torsional overload. They also cited a need...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the techniques applicable to the diagnosis of corrosion failures, including visual and microscopic examination of corroded surfaces and microstructure; chemical analysis of the metal, corrosion products, and bulk environment; nondestructive evaluation methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... microstructural analysis. The classical way to recognize cleavage is the presence of patterns that look like riverbeds with multiple tributaries. The arrows in Fig. 12 show these river line features. Fig. 12 Scanning electron micrograph of cleavage cracking In closing this section, fatigue...