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microbiologically induced corrosion

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... the influence of material and environmental variables on stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and the mechanisms proposed for SCC in stainless steel, comparing the mechanism of SCC with hydrogen embrittlement. In addition, it provides information on biocorrosion and microbiologically induced corrosion in ambient...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... stainless steel occurs ( Fig. 15 ). These are illustrated by two generalized case histories. Typical examples of microbiologically induced localized corrosion of stainless steel are shown in Fig. 16 . Fig. 15 The three most common forms of microbial corrosion. Source: Ref 40 Fig. 16...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter provides an introduction to various forms of corrosion, namely uniform corrosion, localized corrosion, mechanically assisted degradation, environmentally induced cracking, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and metallurgically influenced corrosion. uniform...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... cracking, and microbiologically influenced corrosion. austenitic stainless steel crevice corrosion intergranular corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion pitting corrosion stress-corrosion cracking welding weldments AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEELS exhibit a single-phase, face-centered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., and pipelines. The following sections provide information on the factors influencing corrosivity of produced fluids and the methods of inhibitor application. The chapter discusses the primary causes of corrosion problems and inhibition in waterfloods and provides an overview of bacteria-induced corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... corrosion attack. Some of the atmospheric parameters and their effects on the corrosion of several metals are then reviewed. The following sections provide information on air chemistry, principal pollutants inducing corrosion, thermodynamics as well as models for prediction of atmospheric corrosion, and use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., there are corrosion mechanisms that form subsets within each of the nine listed above. For example, microbiologically influenced corrosion typically manifests itself as pitting corrosion; while stress corrosion cracking is a subset of environmentally induce cracking. One of the complicating factors in studying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
..., pitting, stress corrosion, intergranular corrosion, hydrogen cracking, and microbiologically influenced corrosion must be considered when designing welded structures. Galvanic Couples Although some alloys can be autogenously welded, filler metals are more commonly used. The use of filler metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of corrosive environments. The most common is an aqueous environment containing inorganic and organic acids. However, other aqueous corrosion processes in the refinery can also be due to the presence of oxygen, bisulfide, cyanide, microbiological growth, or other corrosion-inducing species. Nonaqueous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... in comparing corrosion of weldments to that of wrought materials. The article discusses the most important methods available to minimize corrosion in weldments. galvanic corrosion hydrogen cracking microbiologically influenced corrosion pitting corrosion stress corrosion weldments WELDMENTS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... corrosion of weldments are used to assess intergranular corrosion of stainless steels and high-nickel alloys. Other applicable tests evaluate pitting and crevice corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, and microbiologically influenced corrosion. Each of these test methods is reviewed in this chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... covered include differential cell corrosion, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and stray current corrosion. external corrosion stress-corrosion cracking oil and natural gas pipelines corrosion prevention corrosion mitigation corrosion detection corrosion assessment corrosion repair...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... in austenitic stainless steels as well as several forms of corrosion associated with welding. The effects of gas-tungsten arc weld shielding gas composition and heat-tint oxides on corrosion resistance are then covered. Microbiological corrosion of butt welds in water tanks is also illustrated. In addition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... tubes are rolled into a tube sheet. It also is observed under accumulated porous scale, dirt, and corrosion product deposits. The attack is due to localized acidification from the hydrolysis of metal ions and to the products of the metabolism of microbiological organisms. Localized Corrosion Induced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... ocean seawaters, a great variety of organisms are present. Some of these are large enough to observe with the naked eye (e.g., barnacles, mussels, and clams), while others are microscopic (hence, the term microbiologically influenced corrosion, or MIC). In freshwater environments, both natural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... the location of the tip of the fatigue crack at some point in time. Must not be confused with striations, which are extremely small and are formed in a different way. biological corrosion. Deterioration of metals as a result of the metabolic activity of microorganisms. Also known as microbiological corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... See principal stress (normal). biological corrosion. Deterioration of metals as a result of the metabolic activity of microorganisms. See also microbiologically in uenced corrosion. bipolar electrode. An electrode in an electrolytic cell that is not mechanically connected to the power supply...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter outlines the step-by-step processes by which materials are selected in order to prevent or control corrosion and includes information on materials that are resistant to the various forms of corrosion. The various forms of corrosion covered are general (uniform) corrosion...