1-20 of 218 Search Results for

metallographic techniques

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... (see the section, “Relief,” in Chapter 4, “Metallographic Technique—Macrography,” in this book). Images created with SE signals are especially good for observing topographic details. For microstructures in which etchants are used to produce the relief, as a rule much lighter etching than that used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...-dimensional features of the structure. While three-dimensional reconstruction techniques are available and are being used more often, they still require a considerable investment of time and material resources. The first attempt at three-dimensional reconstruction involved the metallographic preparation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... to thermal cycles that can induce structural changes or excessive work hardening. In this respect, surface work hardening and distortion are widely recognized as a pervasive problem in sample preparation for many metallographic techniques. The effects of thermal cycles and/or work hardening will show during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... describes the steps involved in replicating part surfaces. etchants etching metallographic replication microscopic examination sample preparation Several techniques are used to observe the structure of steels and cast irons in the microscopic scale. For many of these techniques, sampling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... can be observed using metallographic techniques. It describes, and in many cases illustrates, the characteristic shapes, colors, and optical properties associated with aluminum alloy intermetallic phases and how they can be enhanced through selective etching. It provides an atlas of microstructures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... courses dedicate a significant amount of time to teaching this topic. Furthermore, it is essentially impossible to find an industrial establishment producing or processing steel that does not rely on metallographic techniques at some stage of development, quality control, or failure analysis. 1.1 Steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... bar and a typical T-head at the locations shown in Fig. 4 . The specimens were prepared using standard metallographic techniques. Figure 8 shows the microstructures of the strain bar and a typical T-head. Fig. 8 Micrographs documenting the microstructure of the failed strain bar. (a) Section...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... to 3.5 kgf As D.3.1 but primarily used on metallographically prepared surfaces to determine hardness of individual microstructural features Rapid technique that may aid in differentiating microstructural features and in determining extent of local hardening (e.g., by plastic deformation) Laboratory...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... (580) 1075 (580) Stainless SA-213 321H 1500 (816) 1400 (760) … 1500 (816) Stainless SA-213 347H 1500 (816) … 1300 (704) … Stainless SA-213 304H 1500 (816) 1400 (760) 1300 (704) … Equipment areas to be evaluated in a boiler, inspection techniques, and primary failure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter explains how to achieve accurate, sharp delineation of the microstructure of metals using appropriate etching and contrasting techniques. It covers a variety of methods, including chemical etching, heat tinting, gas contrasting, vapor deposition, magnetic etching...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... was the exciting development and application of the analytical techniques that were important to the other parts of the physical metallurgy equation: techniques that made possible the characterization of structure and properties. The Early Metallographers—Naming of Phases and Microstructures in Steels Current...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the possible mechanisms of failure for heat treated steel components and discusses the techniques for examining fractures, ductile and brittle failures, intergranular failure mechanisms, and fatigue. It begins with a description...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... is merely interested in observing the structure without recording it on film, sample preparation can be simplified without altering the results if one has a thorough understanding of the potential problem areas. In this chapter, the techniques used to prepare metallographic samples for light microscopy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., there are essentially two options: Metallographic evaluation is a valuable tool in metal characterization, particularly for steels and cast irons. To guarantee that useful and reliable results are generated using this technique, care in planning a performance methodology is essential. Likewise, care and attention...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... point cracks (corner of the slab). Macrograph produced using “engraving” technique, for publication (see Chapter 4, “Metallographic Technique—Macrography,” in this book). Courtesy of J. Casey, DOFASCO Canada. Liquid steels contain many nonmetallic elements in solution. In particular, oxygen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... were transformed into pearlite (dark). The transformed ledeburite, between the dendrites, is composed of cementite (white) and pearlite (dark, small dots). Etchant: picral. The different etching behavior of nital and picral on ferrite and cementite, mentioned in Chapter 5, “Metallographic Technique...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... metallographic techniques used with each of these examples are described in order to give the reader an idea of the work required. Chapters 7 and 8 provide much more detail on metallographic technique than can be described here. As with any laboratory containing toxic, flammable, corrosive, and explosive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... etching in standard reagents. As the eutectoid transformation products are dark etching in these reagents, their volume fraction can be measured accurately by quantitative metallographic techniques. To simplify the experimental procedure, t i usually is measured at 0.01 volume fraction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... backscattered diffraction (EBSD) ( Chapter 6, “Metallographic Technique: Electron Miscroscopy and Other Advanced Techniques,” in this book) is especially useful in evaluating and measuring crystallographic orientations. EBSD makes it possible to evaluate the misorientation between different grains...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
.... Warke W.R. and McCall J.L. , Trans. Q. , American Society for Metals , 1966 , 59 , 991 . 1. Vilella J.R. , Metallographic Technique for Steel , American Society for Metals , Cleveland , 1937 . 1. Beraha E. and Shpigler B. , Color Metallography...