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metallographic samples

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...×). Figure 2-15 Appearance of the surface of austenitic stainless steel at each step of the sample preparation sequence, 90 ×. Abstract Abstract This chapter explains how to prepare metallographic samples for light microscopy and how to anticipate and avoid related problems. It describes standard...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This appendix lists attack-polishing solutions and procedures used in metallographic sample preparation. attack polishing metals ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This appendix lists chemical polishing solutions and procedures used in metallographic sample preparation. chemical polishing metals ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... discussed in the chapter are: collection of background information and sampling; preliminary laboratory examination; detailed metallographic and fractographic examinations; chemical analysis of corrosion products and bulk materials; corrosion testing for quality control; mechanical testing for quality...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the use of electron microscopy in metallographic analysis. It explains how electrons interact with metals and how these interactions can be harnessed to produce two- and three-dimensional images of metal surfaces and generate crystallographic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... life based on dimensional measurements; methods based on metallographic studies; methods based on temperature estimates; and a method for estimating remaining life under creep conditions based on stress-rupture testing of service-exposed material samples. The chapter also discusses the use of fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter explains how to safely prepare beryllium alloy samples for metallographic analysis. It describes grinding, polishing, and etching procedures in detail. It also discusses the identification of major and minor constituents and the general appearance of beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... and small metallographic laboratories. These laboratories are designed to include facilities for sample preparation and microscopes for observing and photographing microstructures. Chapter 5 introduced and described the use of the metallurgical microscope. The microscope is known as a “light” microscope...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... The metallographer must be able to prepare a specimen of iron or steel with the proper metallographic procedures to reveal the true microstructural features in the specimen. It is important that the metallographer understand the metallurgical aspects of the iron or steel sample that is being prepared. Often...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... The microstructures could also be located on a phase diagram similarly to what was done in Fig. 17.10 for white cast irons. Source: Ref 19 17.3.1 Metallographic Sample Preparation: Graphite 17.3.2 Types of Graphitization 17.3.3 The Microstructure of Gray Cast Irons 17.3.4 Some Examples of Gray Cast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... The alloy Ti-5Al-2.5Sn extralow interstitial was water quenched from 1065 °C (1950 °F). Care should be exercised during sectioning and cutting of metallographic samples so the specimen is not overheated. Abrasive cutting can be used if adequate coolant is provided during the cutting operation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... history of the plant, replication or in situ metallography and examination of replicas or metallographic samples in the laboratory provide useful information about the microstructural degradation that the tube has undergone over a period of time due to its exposure to high-pressure, high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... of the wheel. A considerable number of metallographic evaluations were performed in samples removed from the region where the fracture started, in an attempt at identifying the probable causes of the failure. The selected techniques focused on fractographic examination of the initiation point and SEM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... describes the steps involved in replicating part surfaces. etchants etching metallographic replication microscopic examination sample preparation Several techniques are used to observe the structure of steels and cast irons in the microscopic scale. For many of these techniques, sampling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... Resin-to-hardener ratio incorrect; incorrect blending of resin-hardener mixture Correct resin-to-hardener ratio; blend mixture completely. Standard grit sizes for metallographic grinding papers Table 7.4 Standard grit sizes for metallographic grinding papers European grit No. (FEPA...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... concentrations of Murakami-type reagents. (From Kegley, Ref. 123, courtesy of International Metallographic Society.) Figure 3-53 Delta ferrite in AISI 312 weld metal revealed using 10% oxalic acid, 6 V dc, 10 s, 750×. Figure 3-44 Prior-austenite grain boundaries in four different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... by applying support. This support can be electroless nickel plate or the use of alumina beads or steel shot in the metallographic specimen, adjacent to the surface. Metallographic specimens are prepared using an epoxy or phenolic resin. The sample is placed into a small press, and phenolic resin is poured...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... of ferrite and pearlite in AISI 1040 using the Struers Transcopy replication tape. The sample was etched in 4% picral, 150×. Figure 4-35 Interior of metallographic hot cells. Note sample grinding device in the foreground, ultrasonic cleaner and vibratory polishers in the center, and a hardness...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... for examination by light optical microscopy (LOM). It is assumed that the specimen or specimens being prepared are representative of the material to be examined. However, random sampling, as advocated by statisticians, can rarely be performed by metallographers. Instead, metallographers are usually restricted...