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metallographic replication

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... the steps involved in replicating part surfaces. etchants etching metallographic replication microscopic examination sample preparation Several techniques are used to observe the structure of steels and cast irons in the microscopic scale. For many of these techniques, sampling and sample...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter provides guidelines for conducting metallographic evaluations and offers suggestions on how to effectively report the results. It explains how the approach depends on the objective of the evaluation, which is usually to measure a structural feature, test a hypothesis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
.... These correlations enable selection of the appropriate Larson-Miller plot corresponding to a given hardness level, which can be used to calculate the remaining life. Metallographic Replication Methods Metallographic replication methods have been developed that can correlate either cavitation evolution...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... of these layers. However, the best method of cleaning the fracture surface is by a blast of air followed by repeated cleaning with replicating tape until the tape comes out clean and free from adhering debris, as described later. One of the features often revealed by macrofractography is the origin...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... sophisticated electron metallographic tools are now available to an investigator, the light microscope remains the single most important device. While the transmission electron microscope (TEM) and the scanning electron microscope (SEM) overcome two of the most important limitations of the light microscope...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... life based on dimensional measurements; methods based on metallographic studies; methods based on temperature estimates; and a method for estimating remaining life under creep conditions based on stress-rupture testing of service-exposed material samples. The chapter also discusses the use of fracture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... silicon rubber to replicate the weld pool cavity Visually measuring the weld pool cavity dimensions along the sample top surface, and also on a metallographic transverse cross section of the cavity The silicone rubber replicas are the best method ( Fig. 14 ), because they accurately provide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... of 40 to 43 HRC. The hardness of the T-head was determined to be 48.8 HRC. This hardness value exceeded the requirement of 46 to 48 HRC. Metallographic sections were prepared through the strain bar and a typical T-head at the locations shown in Fig. 4 . The specimens were prepared using standard...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... fluorescence spectroscopy are also used to evaluate chemical deposits. 8.4.12 Replication and Metallography Irrespective of knowledge about the operational history of the plant, replication or in situ metallography and examination of replicas or metallographic samples in the laboratory provide useful...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in the chapter are: collection of background information and sampling; preliminary laboratory examination; detailed metallographic and fractographic examinations; chemical analysis of corrosion products and bulk materials; corrosion testing for quality control; mechanical testing for quality control...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... and analysis fracture surfaces, secondary cracks, and other surface phenomena) Microscopic examination and analysis of fracture surfaces Selection, preparation, examination, and analysis of metallographic sections Determination of the actual stress state of the failed component Determination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This chapters discusses the basic steps in the failure analysis process. It covers examination procedures, selection and preservation of fracture surfaces, macro and microfractography, metallographic analysis, mechanical testing, chemical analysis, and simulated service testing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... activity results from local physical or chemical heterogeneities which render some features anodic and others cathodic under the specific etching conditions. Chemical etchants produce metallographic contrast either by crystal faceting (that is, grains etch at different rates because of variation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... to characterize cracking and fracture damage, and explains what to look for during macroscopic and microscopic examinations as well as chemical and metallographic analyses. It also includes nearly a dozen case studies investigating SCC failures in various materials. failure analysis macroscopic examination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter presents definitions of terms related to the metallurgy and metallographic study of irons and steels. iron metallurgy microstructure steel Metallographer s Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons and Steels Bruce L. Bramfitt, Arlan O. Benscoter DOI: 10.31399...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... is distributed in the product and its size are important metallographic features and are routinely characterized. Furthermore, the matrix microstructure of cast irons can also be used for their classification. Apart from graphite, cast iron microstructures present the same constituents as steels. Table 17.1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... cracking, corrosion fatigue, high-temperature corrosion, erosion, and other types of corrosion is just beginning to be developed for sintered stainless steels. Long-term exposure testing, particularly when combined with metallographic examination and chemical analysis, as discussed in Chapters 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9