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metallographic polishing

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... wearability. Note that the grinding scratches in the mount and specimen are in the same focal plane. 100× Abstract Abstract This chapter instructs the metallographer on the basic skills required to prepare a polished metallographic specimen. It is organized in a chronological sequence starting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... The characteristics of a properly prepared specimen are: Deformation induced by sectioning, grinding, and polishing is removed or shallow enough to be removed by the etchant Coarse grinding scratches are removed; fine polishing scratches are tolerated in routine metallographic studies Pullout, pitting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter explains how to prepare metallographic samples for light microscopy and how to anticipate and avoid related problems. It describes standard practices and procedures for sectioning, mounting, grinding, and polishing and identifies common defects along...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., the polishing/etching area, and the observation/micrography area. Important safety issues in a metallographic laboratory are also considered. Selected References Selected References • Engineering Properties of Steel , American Society for Metals , 1982 • Prudent Practices for Handling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., and compositions and usage guidance for etchants, chemical polishing solutions, and coatings. chemical composition chemical polishing coatings etchants ferrous metallographer iron metallographic equipment steel ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter explains how to safely prepare beryllium alloy samples for metallographic analysis. It describes grinding, polishing, and etching procedures in detail. It also discusses the identification of major and minor constituents and the general appearance of beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... the metallographer may examine a specimen in the microscope in the as-polished or unetched condition in order to observe certain features, such as delicate oxide layers, inclusion shape and distribution, graphite morphology, and crack and pore geometry. Some of these features, because they have a different hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This appendix contains recipes of the electrolytic solutions in which various metals are polished in preparation for metallographic examination. electrolyte electromechanical polishing ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This appendix lists attack-polishing solutions and procedures used in metallographic sample preparation. attack polishing metals ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This appendix lists chemical polishing solutions and procedures used in metallographic sample preparation. chemical polishing metals ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... splines The cross sections of the splines were metallographically polished and observed in the microscope. The splines were found to be case hardened to a depth of 0.25 mm. The hardness of the case was 63 HRC and that of the core was 38 HRC. These values appeared to be within the normal spline...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... ). Fig. CH34.5 Freshly fractured surface showing dimpled features To confirm the presence of secondary cracks, the specimen was sectioned across the fracture surface and metallographically polished and observed in the SEM. Clear secondary cracks were observed, propagating below the fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... of inverse pole figures, a flat, polished metallographic specimen can be used. It is important to have a large enough surface area of the specimen to totally cover the full region of x-ray beam impingement. For transmission pole figures, a thin specimen is used. The specimen is mechanically ground flat...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... Microscopy References References 1. Samuels L.E. , Metallographic Polishing by Mechanical Methods , 3rd ed. , American Society for Metals, Metals Park , OH, 1982 2. Petzow G. , Metallographic Etching , American Society for Metals, Metals Park, OH , 1978 . 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... that have suffered oxidation, it may be necessary to start with a coarser grit. After all grinding steps up to 600 grit are completed, it is typical to employ 6 μm diamond paste, followed by 1 μm paste and a final polish with 0.05 μm alumina suspension ( Ref 10 ). Many metallographic supply companies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
.... Also, the quality of the polish can influence etch response. When an unfamiliar metal or alloy is to be etched, one must first select an appropriate reagent. This can be done by consultations with other metallographers or by reference to etchant compilations [ 9 – 14 ], as given in App. I...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... the microscope to observe the microstructure of a polished and etched steel specimen. THE METALLOGRAPHER’S most important tool is the metallurgical microscope. Every metallographic laboratory has at least one metallurgical microscope for observing microstructures. This microscope is different from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... as well as spheroidal and intergranular beta, alpha case, and intermetallic compounds. It also defines important terms and provides step-by-step procedures for preparing titanium for metallographic analysis. References References 7.1 Murray J.L. , Phase Diagrams of Binary Titanium Alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... sophisticated electron metallographic tools are now available to an investigator, the light microscope remains the single most important device. While the transmission electron microscope (TEM) and the scanning electron microscope (SEM) overcome two of the most important limitations of the light microscope...