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medium carbon steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Medium-carbon steels are typically hardened for high-strength, high-fatigue-resistant applications by austenitizing, quenching to martensite, and tempering. This chapter explains how microalloying with vanadium, niobium, and/or titanium provides an alternate way to improve the mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... of martensite in low-carbon steels. It also discusses the effect of tempering temperature on the mechanical behavior and deformation properties of medium-carbon steels. deformation fracture microstructure tempering CHAPTER 16, “Hardness and Hardenability,” and Chapter 17, “Tempering of Steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... The chapter concludes with a brief discussion on the mechanical properties of ferrite/pearlite microstructures in medium-carbon steels. annealing ferrite normalizing pearlite spherical carbides spheroidizing THIS CHAPTER DESCRIBES heat treatments that are designed to produce uniformity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... °C for 16 h. Arrows indicate typical carbide particles. 1% nital + picral. 2000×. Fig. 10.3 (Part 1) Tempering of a medium-carbon (0.4%) hypoeutectoid steel. 0.43C-0.18Si-0.75Mn (wt%). These micrographs constitute part of the series shown in Fig. 10.3 to 10.6 . The specimens were etched...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... for making steel: the electric arc furnace and the basic oxygen furnace. It also provides information on the classification and specifications for various steels, namely, plain carbon steels, low-carbon steels, medium-carbon plain carbon steels, and high-carbon plain carbon steels. The chapter concludes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...; air-hardening, medium-alloy cold-work; high-carbon, high-chromium cold-work; low-alloy, special-purpose; mold; hot-work; and high-speed tool steels. References References 1. Boyer H.E. , Chapter 8, Practical Heat Treating , 1st ed. , American Society for Metals , 1984 , p 149...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... and/or measurement techniques. It provides information on many types of engineering steel, including medium and high-carbon steels used in rail applications. It also examines the effect of nickel-phosphorus coatings on stainless steel and phosphate coatings used to reduce friction during thread rolling and other...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Precipitated at the First Stage of Tempering of Martensitic Medium Carbon Steel , Trans. Jpn. Inst. Met. , Vol 15 , 1974 , p 129 – 134 10.2320/matertrans1960.15.129 17.25 Shimizo K. and Okamoto H. , High Voltage Electron Microscopy Study of the Metastable Iron Carbide in a Eutectoid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... for carburized steels ( Ref 7 ), was soon applied by Jominy to evaluate the hardenability of medium-carbon steels ( Ref 5 ). The method has since been standardized in ISO 642, ASTM A255, and SAE J406. Although variations are sometimes made to accommodate specific requirements, the test bars for the end-quench...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... , in 43rd MWSP Conference Proceedings , Vol 39 , 2001 , ISS, Warrendale, PA , p 21 – 36 19.48 Zia-Ebrahimi F. and Krauss G. , Mechanisms of Tempered Martensite Embrittlement in Medium-Carbon Steels , Acta Metall. , Vol 32 , 1984 , p 1767 – 1777 10.1016/0001-6160(84)90233-5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... , The Effects of Phosphorus and Carbon on the Hardenability of 41xx Type Steels , J. Heat Treat. , Vol. 2 , No. 2 , 1981 , p 139 – 146 10.1007/BF02833230 16.50 Jacobs F.A. and Krauss G. , Effects of carbon and phosphorus on bainite formation and hardenability in Cr-Mo medium carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and silicon. Carbon steels ( Table 8.3 ) can be classified further on the basis of carbon content: Steel containing less than 0.30% C is called low carbon steel or mild steel . Steel containing between 0.20 and 0.60% C is called medium-carbon steel . Steel containing more than 0.60% C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of lamellar pearlite in the structures of annealed 0.70 to 0.90% C tool steels and other low-alloy medium-carbon steels, preheat for several hours at a temperature approximately 28 °C (50 °F) below the lower critical temperature (A 1 ) before austenitizing and transforming as usual. Rule 7 : To obtain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... well above room temperature. Figure 5.6 shows the transformation of austenite to martensite in an Fe-1.94Mo alloy, an alloy in which austenite transforms to martensite in the same manner as in low- and medium-carbon steels. Hot stage cinephotomicrography was required to follow the high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... power density, time in coil, and case depth for progressive hardening of medium-carbon steel shafts under various conditions. Metal is SAE 1045 normalized steel. Coil length, 10 mm (0.39 in.). Two turns. Difference between coil ID and shaft OD, 3.5 mm (0.14 in.). Case depth determined by location...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of Alloying on SCC Resistance <xref rid="t61170123-ref14" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 14)</xref> As shown in Fig. 33 , carbon and alloy steels with low-to-medium carbon contents are not considered wear-resistant materials. Improved wear resistance can be achieved by: Raising the carbon content, i.e., high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Hardening <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t59310203-ref8">(Ref 8)</xref> Group I (0.08 to 0.25% C) Group II (0.30 to 0.50% C) Group III (0.55 to 0.95% C) Quenching Mediums for Austempering 1008 to 1019, 12xx, and 11xx Carbon Steels 1020 Recommended Practice 1035 Recommended Practice 1045...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.9781627083263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... One is to use a medium-carbon steel and only harden the surface through heat treatment. The other approach is to diffuse carbon into the surface layers of a low-carbon steel. When heat treated, the high-carbon surface layers will attain a much higher hardness than the low-carbon core. This method...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... ) Bainitic microstructures take many forms. In medium- and high-carbon steels, bainite, like pearlite, is a mixture of ferrite and cementite, and is therefore dependent on the diffusion-controlled partitioning of carbon between ferrite and cementite. However, unlike pearlite, the ferrite and cementite...