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mechanical properties

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the designations of carbon and low-alloy steels and their general characteristics in terms of their response to hardening and mechanical properties. The steels covered are low-carbon steels, higher manganese carbon steels, boron-treated carbon steels, H-steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., mechanical properties that will meet minimum specifications after the parts are tempered. The effectiveness of the quenching process depends on the cooling characteristics of the quenching medium relative to the hardenability of the steel. Thus, results may be varied by changing the steel composition or...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... °F). As a rule, such treatments result in a structure of fine pearlite, which has good mechanical properties even though martensite is not formed. The extent of hardening, as detailed in preceding chapters, depends on carbon and the percentage of martensite. With 50% martensite, the band of as...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... Even though the illustrations of the fcc, hcp, and bcc crystal structures presented here depict a perfectly ordered crystalline lattice, real materials are rarely perfect. They usually contain imperfections or defects that affect their physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. However...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... used principally for cutting tools, forging dies, and mechanical components that require steels with special properties. Because of the specialized nature of tool steel manufacture, the mills that make these steels generally produce only tool steels and specialized stainless steels. Large, high-tonnage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... treatment processes. Examples of scientific efforts that directly support the technology of heat treatment include characterization of mechanisms of phase transformations that produce desired structures and properties of heat treated parts; determination of phase transformation and annealing kinetics that...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... aluminum-silicon and aluminum-manganese systems, for example, exhibit relatively insignificant changes in mechanical properties as a result of heat treatments that produce considerable precipitation. Besides the Al-Cu (Mg) system of alloys, the other important PH systems of include precipitates of MgZn 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... balanced compositions so that ferrite contents are at levels that permit higher mechanical property specifications than those for related grades. They are covered by ASTM A 351. (f) Nb, 8 × %C min (1.0% max); or Nb + Ta × %C (1.1% max). (g) For CN-7MS, silicon ranges from 2.50 to 3.50...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... followed by cooling at a suitable rate, used primarily to soften metallic materials, but also to simultaneously produce desired changes in their properties or microstructure. The purpose of such changes may be, but is not confined to, improving machinability, changing mechanical or electrical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... microstructures and poor mechanical properties. Under some conditions of insufficient austenitizing, cracking is likely to occur. When austenitizing hypoeutectoid and eutectoid steels, the general practice is to heat to a temperature of at least 28 °C (50 °F) and more often nearer 55 °C (100 °F) above the Ac 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., sometimes attaining the specified microstructural and mechanical properties requires heat treatment in addition to the as-cast thermal cycle. Some types of iron castings also are routinely heat treated as a regular part of their production process. For example, malleable iron castings are subjected to a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.9781627083263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... critical cross section refers to that section of the part where service stresses are highest and therefore where the highest mechanical properties are required. For example, if the part is a rough forging 64 mm (2½ in.) in diameter at the critical cross section, which is later machined to 50 mm (2 in.) in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.9781627083195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... fibers fastener hole defects fatigue properties fiber distortion glass fibers porosity voids THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES of a composite material depend on many factors, including whether or not the fibers are continuous or discontinuous; the strength and stiffness of the fibers themselves...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This appendix contains tables listing the physical and mechanical properties of stainless steel engineering alloys. The physical properties covered are density, modulus of elasticity, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, specific heat, and electrical resistivity. The...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract Metals are used in many engineering applications because of their mechanical properties, particularly strength and ductility. This chapter explains how mechanical properties are measured and how to interpret the results. It describes the most widely used tests, including tensile tests...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter is a detailed account of the tensile testing procedure used for evaluating metals and alloys. The discussion covers the stress-strain behavior of metals determined by tensile testing, properties determined from testing, test machines for measuring mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... mechanical and physical properties. For example, higher density in sintered steels results in higher tensile strength, elongation, and impact resistance. As-pressed or green density also influences growth or shrinkage that occurs during sintering. With nonuniform green density, parts grow or shrink...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... material to resist permanent indentation or deformation when in contact with an indenter under load. Generally, a hardness test consists of pressing an indenter of known geometry and mechanical properties into the test material. The hardness of the material is quantified using one of a variety of scales...