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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the concept of mean stress and explains how it is used in fatigue analysis and design. It begins by examining the stress-strain response of test samples subjected to cyclic forces and strains, noting important features and what they reveal about...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter explains what some of the terms used in physical metallurgy are intended to mean and how these meanings affect the manner in which the subject is treated throughout the book. light microscopy The wide range of properties that can be obtained in steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...Abstract Abstract Forging machines vary based on factors such as the rate at which energy is applied to the workpiece and the means by which it is controlled. Each type has distinct advantages and disadvantages, depending on lot size, workpiece complexity, dimensional tolerances, and the alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...), CNC based milling and polishing, or a combination of these coupled with optical or electrical endpoint means. This article discusses the general characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of each of these techniques. It also presents a case study illustrating the application of CNC milling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and appearance of the corroded metal. It discusses five primary methods of corrosion control, namely, material selection, coatings, inhibitors, cathodic protection, and design. Examples of the opportunities in corrosion control and the means to implement a program to capitalize on those opportunities...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... peening as a means of overcoming prior fatigue damage with SAE 4340 steel tested in rotating bending. Source: Ref 11.73 Fig. 11.10 Pratt & Whitney developments of controlled grain structure in shroudless JT4 turbine test blades. Source: Ref 11.18 Fig. 11.8 Influence of mean...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...Abstract Abstract Machine vision is a means of simulating the image recognition and analysis capabilities of the human eye/brain system with electronic and electromechanical techniques. This chapter discusses four basic steps in the machine vision process, namely image formation, image...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
..., probability determinations, mean times between failure, and related topics are also discussed. The discussion covers the practices observed in fault-tree analysis quantification and processes involved in calculating the probability of the top undesired event. failure rate failure rate sources fault...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... causes. This chapter describes various areas that can be examined by the failure analysis team to assess the pedigree of the failed system. If the failure analysis team suspects product pedigree anomalies it should confirm conformance through independent means. failure analysis failure mode...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
...Abstract Abstract Corrective action means the implementation or modification of things designed to eliminate or reduce failure causes. This chapter addresses developing potential solutions and selecting the best solution. It discusses the special operations that should be used only as temporary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... the abusive grinding of 4340 steel quenched and tempered to 50 HRC. UTM, untempered martensite. Source: Ref 27 Fig. 51 Effect of electrical discharge machining (EDM) and grinding on the fatigue strength of Inconel 718. Fatigue tests involved cantilever bending at room temperature and zero mean...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides a brief overview of phase diagrams, explaining what they represent and how and why they are used. It identifies key points, lines, and features on a binary nickel-copper phase diagram and explains what they mean from a practical perspective. It also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a review of the biodegradation mechanisms of plastics, presents the definitions, and describes the means of measurement of biodegradation and biodeterioration. Various experimental examples of microbial degradation, namely fungal attack in cellophane...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... be properly tuned. The chapter describes these procedures, including the processes involved in tuning induction heating circuits and load matching, impedance matching by means of a transformer, and tuning used for specific types of power supplies. capacitor tuning impedance matching induction heating...
Book Chapter

By A. F. Clark
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... of materials: metallics, nonmetallics, and composites. Because predicting thermal expansion values for unmeasured or novel materials is useful, the chapter also describes the means of making educated guesses for low-temperature values. A short discussion on how thermal expansion data can be used is followed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... in Fig. 16.3 . Fig. 16.3 Normal distribution curve showing the distribution of values about the mean for resistor resistance. The mean value for this distribution is 50 Ω. The area under the curve is equal to 1. The normal curve is described mathematically as: y = e − ( 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... properties. Source: Ref 12.20 Factors associated with fibers mechanically influencing matrix fatigue response Table 12.7 Factors associated with fibers mechanically influencing matrix fatigue response Influencing factor Is there an effect? Microinitiation Micropropagation Mean...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.9781627083447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
... possible application is testing crankshafts and camshafts ( Fig. 1 ) and components similar to these, used in the automobile industry, which can be tested 100% for case hardness depth (CHD, formerly Rht) only by means of a nondestructive test method. The reference materials necessary for this, for which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... curve for directionally solidified Mar-M 246 Fig. 10.16 Mean stress diagram for directionally solidified Mar-M 246 Fig. 10.12 Injector nozzle element in a fuel preburner assembly showing location of the initiation and propagation of high-cycle fatigue cracks at the critical radius...