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matrix type

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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 4 The effect of copper, nickel, and tin on the type of matrix in the composition range between CG and gray iron of 25 mm (1 in.) wall thickness More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... Abstract Ductile iron has far superior mechanical properties compared to gray iron as well as significantly improved castability and attractive cost savings compared to cast steel. This chapter begins with information on graphite morphology and matrix type. It then discusses the advantages...
Image
Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 1 Class 30 gray cast, as-cast. Structure consists of type A graphite morphology in a pearlitic matrix. Type A graphite flakes are randomly distributed and oriented throughout the matrix and are associated with the optimum mechanical properties. Additional information on graphite More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... a starting material for the production of malleable cast irons ( Section 24.4 in this chapter). 24.2 Gray Cast Iron Gray cast irons are one of the most widely used types of cast irons. The microstructure of gray cast irons consists of flake graphite, typically in a pearlite matrix. Gray irons are Fe...
Image
Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 2 Typical microstructures of four types of cast iron. (a) Gray iron showing graphite flakes (black) in a pearlite matrix. 380×. (b) White cast iron showing massive carbides (white) and pearlite. 380×. Malleable iron showing graphite nodules in a ferrite matrix. 380×. (d) Ductile iron More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the types of fibers and matrix materials used in ceramic matrix composites and the role of interfacial coatings. It describes the methods used to produce ceramic composites, including powder processing, slurry infiltration and consolidation, polymer infiltration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... with the underlying alloy matrix depleted in chromium, followed (below) by internal chromium-rich sulfides. Type II hot corrosion is characterized by pitting with little or no internal attack underneath. As the chapter explains, chromium additions make alloys more resistant to all types of hot corrosion attacks...
Book Chapter

By M. B. Kasen
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
.... As one becomes more specific, the necessity to distinguish the various matrix types arises, and terms such as glass–epoxy or graphite–polyimide are used. Still more refinement is possible by referring to a particular reinforcement/matrix combination, for example, S glass/E-787 epoxy. Glass-fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Fig. 1.2 Composite materials made from different types of fibers. (a) Woven glass fiber fabric composite revealing a multiphase-matrix morphology. Ultrathin section, transmitted-light phase contrast, 20× objective. (b) Kevlar (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company) fabric composite cross section. Dark...
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 1.2 Composite materials made from different types of fibers. (a) Woven glass fiber fabric composite revealing a multiphase-matrix morphology. Ultrathin section, transmitted-light phase contrast, 20× objective. (b) Kevlar (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company) fabric composite cross section More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... absorption of energy. The micrograph in Fig. 11.4(c) shows an interlayer area with mainly adhesive fracture at the fiber-matrix interface. Without the red dye in the casting resin, it would be difficult to see if there is adhesive- or cohesive-type failure. The composite described in Fig. 11.5 had...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... cast irons comprise the wear parts of equipment used to crush and grind coal, cement, and rock. Other special cast irons are used for pumps of all kinds. Cast irons also comprise a large family of different types of iron, depending on how the carbon-rich phase forms during solidification. The types...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.9781627083492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... by the tradename of Ni-Hard types 1 to 4. The chromium-molybdenum white irons (class II in Table 1 ) contain 11 to 23% Cr and up to 3% Mo and are often additionally alloyed with nickel or copper. These white irons can be supplied either as-cast with an austenitic or austenitic-martensitic matrix ( Fig. 1a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... the formation of crystallinity in the matrix. This was due in part to the rate at which the material was cooled but also the crystallization kinetics of this type of thermoplastic. The effect of cooling on the degree of crystallinity varies for different semicrystalline thermoplastic materials. A comparison...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... formability complex-phase steels Compositions and Microstructures of Complex-Phase Steels Complex-phase (CP) steels consist of a very fine microstructure of ferrite-bainite matrix with small volume fractions of hard phases of martensite, retained austenite, and pearlite. They contain <0.15 wt% C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., the matrix transmits loads from the matrix to the fibers through shear loading at the interface. In ceramic-matrix composites, the objective is usually to increase the toughness rather than the strength and stiffness, and a low-interfacial-strength bond is therefore desirable. The type and quantity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
...: Structuring of the molecular matrix Compounding Specimen preparation Specimen type Vulcanization parameters Temperature Molecular Structure Very often the processing of the mixture that makes up the elastomer results in some level of orientation of the molecules involved...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... Abstract This chapter describes tensile testing of advanced ceramic materials, a category that includes both noncomposite, or monolithic, ceramics and ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs). The chapter presents four key considerations that must be considered when carrying out tensile tests...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the use of mechanical fastening and adhesive bonding, the primary methods for joining polymer matrix composites. It describes and analyzes the basic types of mechanically fastened joints, including single-hole and multirow bolted composite joints. It then reviews...