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material degradation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... to degradation in plastics include temperature variations, moisture, sunlight, oxidation, microbiologic attack, and other environmental elements. The article also describes the tests used to predict the behavior of a plastic material to outdoor exposure, discussing the use of xenon arc lamp for the weatherometer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article discusses the chemical susceptibility of a polymeric material. The discussion covers significant absorption and transportation of an environmental reagent by the polymer; the chemical susceptibility of additives; and thermal degradation, thermal oxidative degradation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract All materials are susceptible to corrosion or some form of environmental degradation. Although no single material is suitable for all applications, usually there are a variety of materials that will perform satisfactorily in a given environment. The intent of this chapter is to review...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract Corrosion can be defined as a chemical or electrochemical reaction between a material and its environment that causes the material and its properties to degrade. In most cases, it refers to the electrochemical oxidation of metals accompanied by the production of oxides or salts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... inspection followed by material evaluation and characterization. These processes are typically followed by evaluation of the packages to identify defects, degradations, and failure mechanisms that are caused by the processes (e.g., cleaning, solder dipping of leads, reballing) used in creating counterfeit...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Glass edge damage of frameless modules Light-induced cell degradation Effect of glass on encapsulant performance Front surface soiling Mechanical failure of glass-glass laminates Thin film photovoltaic failures tend to be dominated by cell level failures of the materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... as they are put into service. This is a natural phenomenon; the concentrator material degrades in time due to the intensity of the magnetic flux field and the heat from radiation. This includes degradation of magnetic particles, degradation of the binders used to hold the particles together, and rusting, arcing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... to various environmental conditions may or may not cause degradation, depending on the specific material system and the specific environment. When environmental degradation does occur, it is usually, but not always, the matrix that is affected. In this chapter, a number of potential environments that can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... and reheater tubes are prone to creep damage because of acting or residual stresses at elevated temperatures. The starting and stopping of the boiler results in cyclic stresses and failure due to fatigue. All of these factors individually or collectively lead to material degradations of different magnitudes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... , in International Conference on Life Assessment and Extension , The Hague , Netherlands , June 13 - 15 , 1988 , Paper 2.1.3, Vol II , p 20 - 30 3. Kuwabara K. et al , Material Degradation and Life Assessment of Turbine Components After Long Term Service , in International Conference on Life...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Accumulation ,” American National Standards Institute and D 3274, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , American Society for Testing and Materials 10. Guillet J.E. , Regulski T.W. , and Mac-Aneney T.B. , Biodegradability of Photo-degraded Polymers, II, Tracer Studies of Biooxidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., filler, and reinforcement. Because these defects are caused by poor processing, their occurrence may be more sporadic than defects in design. Material degradation caused by either natural aging or an aggressive environment is frequently revealed by examining the failed part in the vicinity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...: Degradation Resistance and Failure Analysis , Plastic Design Library , 1998 • Smith B.C. , Fundamentals of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy , CRC Press , 1996 • Turi E.A. , Ed., Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials , Academic Press, Inc. , 1981...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... in the corrosion of metals, in that function is slowly degraded in the external environment by chemical reactions and must be treated as limiting the true usefulness of the materials. In the future, the full and successful outdoor use of engineering plastics will undoubtedly depend on a clear understanding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... on semiconductor lasers. The discussion begins with the basics of semiconductor lasers and the material science behind some causes of device failure. It then covers some of the common failure mechanisms, highlighting the need to identify failures as wearout or maverick failures. The chapter also covers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., it covers general characteristics, viscoelastic properties, and static strength. It also discusses fatigue life, impact strength, fracture toughness, and stress-rupture behaviors as well as environmental effects such as plasticization, solvation, swelling, stress cracking, degradation, and surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... , p 23 - 28 10.1007/BF02644383 43. Galsworthy J.C. , The Creep and Stress Rupture Behavior of Superalloys at Elevated Temperatures in Salt Contaminated Environments , in Environmental Degradation of High Temperature Materials , The Institute of Metallurgists Conference, Mar 1980...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of pearlite into ferrite and globular/spheroidal carbide, finally causing loss of strength. With a very long duration of exposure, it can even lead to degradation of the material by way of void formation along the grain boundaries of the steel followed by grain separation, and finally failure of the tube...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... significantly increase material degradation in wet and aqueous environments have been identified. Table 4 Synergistic relationships between wear and corrosion mechanisms Abrasion Removes protective oxidized metal and polarized coatings to expose unoxidized metal, in addition to removing metal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... degradation. Engineering structures as diverse as lap joints in aircraft, flanged pipes in chemical-processing plants, metal surfaces under initially protective coatings, and environmentally assisted cracks in metallic materials all have an occluded solution. This similitude was originally pointed out...