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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... have achieved low production costs. Furthermore, steels can achieve remarkable combinations of physical and mechanical properties. Today steels are also valued for their ability to be recycled. When steels are discarded, they degrade quickly to oxides that are not harmful; moreover, they require...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... paste components, such as PDMS, to reach the die surface through bleeding or outgassing along the sides of the die. One of the challenges is to maintain a balance between manufacturability, performance, quality and cost. Selection and qualification of the suitable DA material (e.g. during initial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... advantage of XRF spectroscopy is that it is a nondestructive, multielemental, fast, and cost-effective method for elemental analysis of various materials including metals and alloys. There are two main types of XRF instruments available in the market, namely, energy dispersive (EDXRF) and wavelength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... contributors to powder price, namely raw material cost and conversion cost. The applicability of various processes to specific material systems is mentioned throughout this chapter. atomization cost analysis electrochemical precipitation mechanical comminution phase change powders thermochemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... These electron-hole pairs can recombine and release energy, radiate light, generate heat or they can result in current through the material. Analysis using the Electron Beam Absorbed Current (EBAC) to detect and isolate faults in nets has been extensively used in the semiconductor industry for the past...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract The challenge of materials selection is to achieve adequate performance at the lowest possible cost. Corrosion resistance is not the only property to be considered in making materials selections. Typical requirements and some of the procedures involved in making a selection and some of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... various steels and alloys, covering cost, engineering specifications, and ease of use. boiler tubes chemical composition condenser tubes materials selection steel Boiler technologies developed over time are known as subcritical, super-critical (SC), ultra-supercritical (USC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen damage, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the economic importance of cost-effective materials selection is also considered. materials selection corrosion control general corrosion localized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... then describes the physical and mechanical properties of pure titanium and numerous grades of wrought titanium alloys and explains how they compare with other aerospace materials in terms of processing complexity and cost. The chapter also includes information on extractive metallurgy, current and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., a HRC of 52 at 540 °C (1000 °F) and a HRC of 48 at 595 °C (1100 °F) can be achieved. There are two classifications of high-speed steels: molybdenum high-speed steels (group M) and tungsten high-speed steels (group T). Group M steels, having approximately 40% lower initial cost, constitute more than...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... be better controlled in immersion testing. The equipment costs of ultrasonic inspection equipment are highly dependent on the amount of auxiliary equipment included. Accessories such as automatic marking devices, computer analyzers, and material handling equipment can markedly increase equipment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., and end-use applications of plastics. plastics material selection materials design plastic parts cost estimation TO ENSURE the proper application of plastics, one must keep in mind three factors that determine the appropriate end-use: material selection, processing, and design. In...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... Reduction Company to a pilot plant on Smallman Street in Pittsburgh, to a production plant in New Kensington, and to Niagara Falls, New York, is then described. This is followed by a discussion on early aluminum applications and the usage of lower-cost raw materials. The chapter provides information on...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...-strength composites because of their small diameter; they contain far fewer defects (normally surface defects) compared to the material produced in bulk. As a general rule, the smaller the diameter of the fiber, the higher its strength, but often the cost increases as the diameter becomes smaller. In...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
..., because the process of materials selection requires the evaluation of many factors, some of which are briefly summarized in more detail in this chapter. However, the key point is that materials selection is an up-front concern with important consequences for processing, product design, cost, availability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... together by the action of a separate agent. These techniques have found wide use by virtue of their low cost and adaptability to high-speed production. In addition, solvent and adhesive bonds provide a relatively uniform distribution of stresses over the assembled areas and a high strength-to-weight ratio...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... tests. For some of the sheet materials, flow stress curves obtained by tensile tests also are provided. Steels are the most widely used sheet materials because of their relative strength, good formability, and moderate cost. They also provide a wide range of mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... maximum duration of exposure to air before assembly. These limits were based on a recommended moisture level threshold for the appearance of moisture/thermal-induced damage during mounting [39] . Dry packing did not significantly increase the manufacturing cost of the product. However, the possibility of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... steels are the most common materials of construction, not because of their corrosion resistance, which is usually fair to poor, but because of their excellent mechanical properties, weldability, and low cost. When used in corrosive environments, steels usually require some form of corrosion protection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... reinforced the fact that materials and manufacturing are closely linked in determining final properties. Moreover, worldwide competitiveness has increased the general level of automation in manufacturing to the point where materials costs comprise 50% or more of the cost for most products. Finally, materials...