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material characterization

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract There are several analytical methods available that can be used in-line on whole wafers as well as off-line on de-processed products that are returned from the field. These techniques are surface analytical techniques that can be used to characterize the bulk of the material. The main...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... inclusion rating material characterization microhardness optical emission spectroscopy pearlite banding retained austenite scale thickness scanning electron microscopy X-ray diffraction X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy 5.1 Introduction Material...
Image
Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 1.1 The distinction between matter (characterized by structure) and materials (characterized by microstructure) More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Wiley , New York , 1974 Colangelo V.J. and Thornton P.A. , Engineering Aspects of Product Liability , American Society for Metals , 1981 Collins J.A. , Failure of Materials in Mechanical Design: Analysis, Prediction and Prevention , Wiley-Interscience , New York...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... inspection followed by material evaluation and characterization. These processes are typically followed by evaluation of the packages to identify defects, degradations, and failure mechanisms that are caused by the processes (e.g., cleaning, solder dipping of leads, reballing) used in creating counterfeit...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... of a weld is to establish its mechanical properties. In addition to a number of standard material tests, many mechanical tests are directed specifically at determining a weld’s capabilities. Examples of mechanical properties typically characterized for welds include yield and tensile strength, ductility...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
...-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence, Auger electron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, oxygen analysis, and nanoindentation. cold-sprayed coatings residual-stress analysis hardness bond adhesion strength microscopy spectroscopy diffraction MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... on the basis of the initial research of Henry Clifton Sorby in Sheffield, England, around 1860. Together with a variety of other important tools for characterizing metals, metallography has become so essential to the understanding of the behavior of steels that almost all materials engineering courses dedicate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... to the case of pure metals, there is no single useful characterization parameter, such as RRR, that indicates the aggregate effect of all the specific material variations. The noncrystalline (or amorphous) and chemically impure dielectrics are similar to structural alloys in that a single characterization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... components, which must be present in the proper ratios. Next the user must be assured that the material will cure or react properly within predefined processing conditions, followed by an assurance that proper processing has been conducted. Methods of characterization and quality control continue...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... in Materials Characterization , Volume 10 of ASM Handbook. Scanning Electron Microscopy<xref rid="t69780383-fn1" ref-type="fn">[1]</xref> The SEM is one of the most versatile instruments for investigating the topology and chemistry of surfaces. Compared to the optical microscope, it expands...
Image
Published: 01 March 2001
Fig. 6 Schematics illustrating the four types of abrasive wear. (a) Low-stress abrasion where material is removed by hard, sharp particles or other hard, sharp surfaces plowing material out in furrows. (b) High-stress abrasion characterized by scratching, plastic deformation of surfaces More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Know about Material and Component Failure, Failure Analysis, and Litigation , Marcel Dekker , 1987 • Sibilia J.P. , Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis , Wiley VCH , 1996 ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... viscosity measurements are made using either cone and plate or parallel plate (disk) geometries ( Fig. 9 ). Solid materials are also routinely and accurately characterized using many specific geometries, which are discussed in the following section. Fig. 9 Cone and plate (left) and parallel plate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... , 2003 10.1007/978-1-4615-0215-9 2. http://www.matter.org.uk/tem/electron_scattering.htm (Java is required) 3. Keast K.J. , Application of EELS in Materials Science , Materials Characterization , Vol 73 , Nov 2012 , p 1 – 7.1 10.1016/j.matchar.2012.07.013 4. Egerton...
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 12.20 Two limiting cases of anisotropy in plastic deformation, considering (for simplicity) a single active slip system, characterized by slip planes (SP) and slip directions (SD). When subjected to axial tension (AT) in (a) the material will undergo reduction of the width without any More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... to probe a relatively large volume (10 - 30 μm 3 ) and characterize features or defects with nanometer level resolution has contributed to the adoption of the method across many disciplines in materials science and biology [21 - 22 , 58 - 61] . FIB-SEM tomography fills an important gap between TEM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter explains how to prepare material samples for optical microscopy, the most common method for characterizing the microstructure of cast iron and steel. It provides information on sectioning, mounting, polishing, etching, and recording. It describes the nature of surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... A number of other techniques are frequently used to characterize the chemistries of the top one to five atomic layers of materials. The following provides brief summaries of two of the methods that are frequently used in metallurgical studies and comparisons of their capabilities with those of the scanning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract Post-mortem analysis of photovoltaic modules that have degraded performance is essential for improving the long term durability of solar energy. This article focuses on a general procedure for analyzing a failed module. The procedure includes electrical characterization followed...