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martensitic steels

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... Abstract Martensitic steels are produced by quenching carbon steel from the austenite phase into martensite. This chapter provides information on the composition, microstructures, processing, deformation mechanisms, mechanical properties, hot forming, tempering, and special attributes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the metallurgy, phase structure, thermal processing, and applications of martensitic stainless steels. The phenomenon of martensite formation is explained. A table listing the compositions of martensitic stainless steels is also presented. martensitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Medium-carbon steels are typically hardened for high-strength, high-fatigue-resistant applications by austenitizing, quenching to martensite, and tempering. This chapter explains how microalloying with vanadium, niobium, and/or titanium provides an alternate way to improve the mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Abstract Steels with martensitic and tempered martensitic microstructures, though sometimes perceived as brittle, exhibit plasticity and ductile fracture behavior under certain conditions. This chapter describes the alloying and tempering conditions that produce a ductile form of martensite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Abstract Martensitic stainless steels are essentially iron-chromium-carbon alloys that possess a body-centered tetragonal crystal structure (martensitic) in the hardened condition. Martensitic stainless steels are similar to plain carbon or low-alloy steels that are austenitized, hardened...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Kinetics and Hardenability of Medium Carbon Alloy Steels , Climax Molybdenum, 1972 26. “ Application of 2 1/4Cr-1Mo Steel for Thick-Wall Pressure Vessels ,” Sangdahl G. and Semchyshen M. , Eds., STP 755, ASTM International , 1982 27. Abe F. , Bainitic and Martensitic Creep...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract Stainless steels derive their name from their corrosion-resisting properties first observed in 1912. Two groups, working independently, concurrently discovered what came to be known as austenitic and ferritic stainless steels. Martensitic and precipitation-hardened stainless steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... that does not involve carbon. Instead, these steels are strengthened by the precipitation of intermetallic compounds at temperatures of about 480 °C (900 °F). The term maraging is derived from martensite age hardening and denotes the age hardening of a low-carbon, iron-nickel lath martensite matrix...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
.../asm.hb.v14b.a0005163 Dual-phase steels are a group of steels with a duplex microstructure consisting of a soft ferrite matrix and 10 to 40 volume percent of hard martensite islands. This type of microstructure allows achieving ultimate tensile strength in the range of 500 to 1200 MPa (70 to 175 ksi...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract Steels with chromium contents above 12% show high resistance to oxidation and corrosion and are generally designated as stainless steels. This chapter discusses the compositions, microstructures, heat treatments, and properties of martensitic, ferritic, austenitic, ferritic-austenitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
.... thermomechanical processing microstructure advanced high-strength steels mechanical properties ADVANCED HIGH-STRENGTH STEELS (AHSS) are primarily steels with tensile strengths ≥500 MPa (73 ksi) and complex microstructures of different phases such as ferrite, martensite, bainite, and retained austenite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the classification, composition, properties, and applications of five types of stainless steels: austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation-hardening steels. It discusses the process involved in argon oxygen decarburization that is used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Diagram ,” Key To Metals AG, 2003 , http://www.totalmateria.com/images/Articles/kts/Fig104_1.gif 3.14 Maruyama K. , Sawada K. , and Koike J.I. , Strengthening Mechanisms of Creep Resistant Tempered Martensitic Steel , ISIJ International , Vol 41 ( No. 6 ), 2001 , p 641 – 653...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... the formation of martensite and bainite in steel and other alloys. It describes the morphology of both types of structures, the factors that influence their formation, how they respond to tempering processes, and their effect on mechanical properties and behaviors. It also discusses the role of transformation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... Advanced High Strength Martensitic Steel Grades with Improved Ductility, ” Ph.D. dissertation, Gent University, 2009 11.3 Uddeholm Tooling and SSAB Swedish Steel , “ Tooling Solutions for Advanced High Strength Steels, ” presented at Uddeholm Swedish Rally , 2005 11.4 Mehrkens M...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... the increased application of AHSS. Fig. 6.1 Change in usage of materials for body-in-white parts. Source: Ref 6.1 According to Ref 6.2 , “Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) are multi-phase steels which contain martensite, bainite, and/or retained austenite in quantities sufficient to produce...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... be increased simultaneously with vanadium content to form a greater volume percent of extremely hard vanadium carbides. Steels T15, M3 (class 2), M4, and M48 belong in this category, and all exhibit extremely high wear resistance. Fig. 11.4 Relative hardness of alloy carbides, cementite, and martensite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition and classification of stainless steels and focuses on the processes involved in heat treatment and applications of these steels. The wrought and the cast stainless steels covered are ferritic, austenitic, duplex (ferritic-austenitic), martensitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... carbide phase of pearlite. The steels can contain phases produced by alloy additions. These phases are often small and in the form of hard particles in a softer matrix. The nonequilibrium microstructure of carbon steels (and alloy and tool steels) martensite has a hardness of about 600 HV. Thus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
...) steels, the dispersion of hard martensite in soft ferrite produces a high work-hardening rate that diminishes with strain. In TRIP steels, the retained austenite transforms to martensite as deformation proceeds. This means that the initial strain-hardening rate is low but increases progressively...