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martempering

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the soft austenite into martensite or lower bainite in the hardening operation. The chapter provides information on various quenching systems and a description of quenching techniques, namely austempering, martempering, and patenting. Difficulties associated with hardening of steel are discussed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., formability, and machinability. This chapter discusses various heat treatment processes, namely annealing, stress relieving, normalizing, spheroidizing, and hardening by austenitizing, quenching and tempering. It also discusses two types of interrupted quenching processes: martempering and austempering. The...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... transformations that occur at different cooling rates and the extent to which they can be changed by adjusting quench parameters. It discusses the role of quenching in martempering and austempering along with related problems such as cracking and distortion and the challenges posed by low-hardenability steels. It...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... relieving, annealing, normalizing, surface hardening, quenching, martempering, austempering, and flame and induction hardening. annealing austempering carbon equivalent ductile cast iron flame hardening gray cast iron induction hardening malleable cast iron martempering normalizing quenching...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... treatment of alloy steels and of boron on hardenability of alloy steels are then discussed. Procedures for heat treating four specific alloy steels (4037, 4037H; 4140, 4140H; 4340, 4340; and E52100) are subsequently presented. The chapter concludes with a brief account of austempering and martempering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... provides information on martempering of steel. alloying annealing carbon steel hardenability low-alloy steel normalizing quenching tempering HEAT TREATMENT of steel involves a number of processes to condition the microstructure and obtain desired properties, as described in preceding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... often cooled to 840 °C (1550 °F) prior to quenching and may be quenched in oil heated to 70 °C (170 °F) instead of oil at room temperature. Martempering or interrupted quenching is a hardening treatment that consists of quenching to a temperature just above the M s temperature of a steel, usually...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... quenching process is called martempering, shown in Fig. 18 . In martempering, the part is quenched into a molten salt bath at a temperature just above the M s temperature. When the part reaches thermal equilibrium, but before bainite starts to form, it is removed from the salt bath and allowed to air cool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... transformation for a period of time to equalize the temperature throughout the piece. Minimizing distortion, cracking, and residual stress is the payoff. The term is not descriptive of the process and is better described as marquenching. The microstructure after martempering is essentially primary martensite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... hardenability, a quenching operation involving a temperature homogenization stage before reaching M s can be performed, as shown in Fig. 10.79 . During martempering, the parts can be intermediately cooled into a furnace held at, for instance, 350 °C (660 °F) for a short time, just sufficient to equalize the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... strength and ductility of the steel. Conventional heat treating procedures include annealing, normalizing, quenching and tempering, stress relieving, martempering, and austempering. Figure 2.16 shows time-temperature diagrams of the major heat treating procedures and products produced by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... hardening consists of a number of steps, including preheating, austenitizing, cooling or quenching, and tempering. The goal of this processing sequence most often is to produce a microstructure of tempered martensite. Sometimes, martempering to equalize temperature prior to martensite formation, or...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... austenite phase field. A high chromium content significantly shifts the nose of the time-temperature transformation diagram to the right, increasing the time for the start of the transformations to over 300 s. Thus, many sections are air hardenable, and martempering is also feasible. In addition, chromium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5