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marine environment

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... P. , and Olson D.L. , Corrosion , Vol 50 ( No. 11 ), 1994 , p 819 – 826 10.5006/1.3293472 9. Boyd W.K. and Fink F.W. , Corrosion of Metals in Marine Environments , Metals and Ceramics Information Center , 1978 , p 44 , 57 – 67 , 85 – 87 10. Pheifer W.H...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Treaty Organizations, AGARD-CP-120, Harford House , London , 1973 11. Fairbanks J.W. and Machlin I. , Ed., Proc. 1974 Gas Turbine Materials in The Marine Environment Conf. , MCIC-75-27, Battelle Columbus Laboratories , 1974 12. Hot Corrosion Problems Associated with Gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... industries Mothballed and waterflood systems; oil and gas handling systems, particularly in those environments soured by sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), from produced sulfides Underground pipeline industry Water-saturated clay-type soils of near-neutral pH with decaying organic matter and a source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in marine environments where contact with salt water directly or with airborne salt can result in chloride penetration into the concrete. Cathodic protection can be used to effectively arrest the detrimental corrosion of steel in chloride-containing concrete. A schematic diagram of a cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... cracking also can be avoided. More impressively, this can be done with alloys with strengths much higher than those of the alloys, such as 316, that they replace and that have been only marginally successful in marine environments. The inertia in changing from the weaker, less-corrosion-resistant, more...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of, or an accelerating factor in, corrosion involve localized forms of attack. One reason for this is that organisms usually do not form in a continuous film on the metal surface. The large fouling organisms in marine environments settle as individuals, and it is often a period of months or even years before a complete...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...., American Society for Testing and Materials , 1995 , p 3 – 10 10.1520/STP14909S 23. Tidblad J. , Mikhailov A.A. , Kucera V. , Application of a Model for Prediction of Atmospheric Corrosion in Tropical Environments , Marine Corrosion in Tropical Environments , STP 1399, Dean...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... on the surface of virtually all structural metals and alloys immersed in aqueous environments have the capability to influence the corrosion of those metals and alloys. This influence derives from the ability of the organisms to change environmental variables including oxidizing power, temperature, velocity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... simulated atmosphere tests salt-spray tests immersion tests CORROSION TESTING AND MONITORING are powerful tools in the flight to control corrosion. Testing provides the necessary data for the evaluation and/or selection of existing, alternative, or new materials in various environments. Monitoring...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... to aluminum and corrodes preferentially, giving protection to aluminum. Magnesium is similarly protective, although in severe marine environments it causes cathodic corrosion of aluminum because of an alkaline condition produced on the aluminum surface. Cadmium is neutral to aluminum and can safely be used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...-performance automotive and marine applications, also require high-strength efficiency, which normally is achieved by judicious alloy selection combined with close control of mill processing. However, when the design includes redundant structures, when operating environments are not severe, when...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of zinc or nickel, resulting in a layer of sponge copper Select proper alloy for environmental conditions based on metallographic examination of corrosion specimens. Corrosion fatigue Several transgranular cracks Select proper alloy based on fatigue tests in service environment. Reduce mean...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., such as those near a marine environment, causes rapid deterioration. Magnesium occupies the highest anodic position on the galvanic series, and, as such, there is always the strong potential for corrosion. However, some of the newer alloys have much better corrosion resistance than the older alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... to this type of failure ( Ref 18.21 ). Despite the substantial progress that has been achieved in the field, SCC continues to be not only an economic problem but also a safety and environmental concern, because SCC failures have been detected in a wide range of environments, steel grades, and steel structures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... environments. For example, downhole oil and geothermal well production tubules and logging tools are made of titanium alloys, based on these property combinations. In marine service, pleasure boat components, naval surface ships, and submarine cooling-water systems are growing markets for titanium, driven...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... or magnesium anodes are used to protect steel in marine environments, and the anodes are replaced after they are consumed. Cathodic protection uses an impressed direct current (dc) supplied by any low output voltage source and a relatively inert anode. As is the case in all forms of cathodic activity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... was developed in the 1950s for U.S. Navy submersibles. It has excellent fracture toughness in marine environment. Ti-6211 is used for hulls of marine vehicles and for pressure vessel applications requiring high toughness. Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si, UNS R54620, Ti-6242S and Ti-6242Si Ti-6242S is one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... is valuable, it must be recognized that it will be observed only under certain circumstances. Interestingly, the improvement is generally best in an industrially polluted environment; less improvement is noted in environments containing chloride, for example, marine environments. Also, the film or patina must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... to intergranular corrosion, but such techniques should be accompanied by a metallographic examination of carefully prepared sections. Mechanism Characteristics Exfoliation of susceptible alloys occurs in many outdoor environments, but it develops most rapidly in marine exposure ( Fig. 8 ). The voluminous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... to marine corrosion of a pier piling means that the steel piling corrodes because of its reaction with the marine environment. The environment is air-saturated seawater. The environment can be further described by specifying the chemical analysis of the seawater and the temperature and velocity...