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manganese

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... ranges, distinguishing features, advantages, limitations, and applications. cast iron cooling rate graphite formation cementite formation silicon aluminum nickel cobalt copper sulfur vanadium chromium tin molybdenum manganese microstructure white cast iron gray cast iron ductile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of austenitic manganese steels. It describes the standard composition ranges of commercial products and explains how various alloying elements affect mechanical properties, processing, and performance. The article also discusses special grades of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... carbon (max Mn range: 1.00–1.65) Manganese low-alloy steels 13 xx Mn 1.75 Nickel low-alloy steels 23 xx Ni 3.50 25 xx Ni 5.00 Nickel-chromium low-alloy steels 31 xx Ni 1.25; Cr 0.65 and 0.80 32 xx Ni 1.75; Cr 1.07 33 xx Ni 3.50; Cr 1.50 and 1.57 34 xx Ni...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract Alloy steels are alloys of iron with the addition of carbon and one or more of the following elements: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, cobalt, copper, vanadium, silicon, aluminum, and boron. Alloy steels exhibit superior mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... Abstract This chapter covers a broad range of low-carbon steels optimized for structural applications. Low-carbon structural steels are generally considered the highest-strength steels that can be welded without undue difficulty, even in the field. They include mild steels, carbon-manganese and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... and the morphology of manganese sulfide inclusions in castings. carbon content inclusions pearlite proeutectoid cementite proeutectoid ferrite We have now dealt with the structures of annealed and normalized steels containing up to about 0.25% C. The pearlite constituent becomes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... manganese is sometimes added to steel and how unintended consequences, such as the development of sulfide stringers, can offset the benefits. It also examines the effect of alloying elements on the iron-carbon phase diagram, particularly their effect on transformation temperatures. alloying elements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract This chapter explains the definition of carbon steels and lists the Unified Numbering System designations and the compositions that are universally accepted by steel producers and fabricators. Compositions of higher hardenability carbon steels (higher manganese grades and/or boron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... explains how the properties of these steels are determined by alloying elements, such as tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, manganese, and chromium, and the presence of alloy carbides. It describes the types of carbides that form and how they contribute to wear resistance, toughness, high-temperature strength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... carbon dioxide, providing oxygen that reacts with alloying elements, particularly manganese, chromium, and silicon. It examines the composition and distribution of oxides produced in different steels and assesses the resulting composition gradients. It describes how these changes influence the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... manganese, silicon, and aluminum used to deoxidize steel, and Kiessling documents in detail the many oxides that may form in the MnO-SiO 2 -Al 2 O 3 ternary oxide system ( Ref 9.4 ). Zhang and Thomas present the following instructive list of sources of inclusions in low-carbon-aluminum-killed (LCAK) steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... of twinning-induced plasticity steels. chemical composition microstructure heat treatment deformation mechanical properties formability twinning-induced plasticity steels TWINNING-INDUCED PLASTICITY (TWIP) steels are austenitic steels with a high manganese content of 22 to 30% and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... as a machinability agent in stainless steels is very complex and not necessarily straightforward, but in general sulfur has been extremely beneficial in increasing the machinability of stainless steels. Generally, as the molten metal cools to solid form, sulfur combines with manganese to form...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... for engineering applications without being alloyed with other metals. The vast majority of the alloy systems currently being commercially produced contain aluminum, manganese, zinc, zirconium, rare earths, and silver in order to obtain the strong, light weight alloys needed for structural uses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... cause oxygen to penetrate austenite grain boundaries and react with carbon and other elements, such as silicon, manganese, and aluminum, that are contained in the steel or cast iron. Figure 3.30(a) shows a condition of internal oxidation that occurred when a small surface crack formed on the surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... magnesium alloy systems are available to the designer. The first includes alloys containing 2 to 10% Al, combined with minor additions of zinc and manganese. These alloys are widely available at moderate cost, and their room-temperature mechanical properties are maintained to 95 to 120 °C (200 to 250 °F...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Element Composition, % Ferritic Pearlitic Total carbon 2.2-2.9 2.0-2.9 Silicon 0.9-1.9 0.9-1.9 Manganese 0.2-0.6 0.2-1.3 Sulfur 0.02-0.2 0.05-0.2 Phosphorus 0.02-0.2 0.02-0.2 Table 2 Effects of major and minor (tramp) elements on the annealing response and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., phosphorus, tin, and arsenic. Of these elements, phosphorus is most commonly present in alloy steels, and it has captured the most attention in research studies. Manganese and silicon also increase the susceptibility to embrittlement. Although alloy steels are ferritic in the tempered condition, fracture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... inclusions. The sulfide inclusions are a chemical compound of iron sulfide having the formula (MnFe)S. (The manganese present in all steels is contained in these sulfides in amounts that vary with the overall level of manganese in the steel and how fast the steel was cooled.) After solidification, the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... alloying elements are added to iron for the purpose of attaining certain specific properties and characteristics. These elements include, but are not limited to, carbon, manganese, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, columbium (niobium), copper, aluminum, titanium, tungsten, and cobalt. The...