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malleable iron

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article explains how malleable iron is produced and how its microstructure and properties differ from those of gray and ductile iron. Malleable iron is first cast as white iron then annealed to convert the iron carbide into irregularly shaped graphite particles called...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... and/or finishing austenite decomposiiton) Malleable cast irons … F, P Heat treatment Austempered nodular cast iron or austermpered ductile iron Nodular graphite B, austempering Heat treatment Note: A = austenite, F = ferrite, P = pearlite, M = martensite, B = bainite. Source: Ref 5 Thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... discusses composition, microstructure, heat treatments, and the classification and casting characteristics of white, gray, ductile, malleable, compacted graphite, and special cast irons. chemical composition compacted graphite cast iron ductile cast iron gray cast iron heat treatment malleable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., V, Cr, Sn, Mo, and Mn) promote the formation of cementite. This chapter examines the relative potencies of these alloys and their effect on microstructure. It covers the five most common commercial cast irons, including white, gray, ductile, malleable, and compacted graphite, describing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...% picral. 250× Fig. 1.28 Micrograph of a malleable cast iron showing a microstructure consisting of ferrite (light etching constituent) and temper carbon (dark gray irregular-shaped constituent). Etched in 2% nital. 200× Fig. 1.29 Typical graphite shapes after ASTM A 247. I, spheroidal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, properties, microstructure, grain formation, and fracture behavior of gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast iron and how these critical factors are affected when iron is heated to different temperatures prior to or during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the friction and wear behaviors of cast irons. It describes the microstructure and metallurgy of gray, white, malleable, and ductile cast irons, their respective tensile properties, and their suitability for applications involving friction, various types...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... are a eutectic called ledeburite. 4% picral etch. 250× Fig. 3.23 Microstructure of a malleable iron consisting of “temper carbon,” a form of graphite, in a matrix of ferrite. 2% nital etch. 200× Fig. 3.24 Microstructure of a malleable iron consisting of “temper carbon,” a form of graphite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... 0.8 0.20 0.10 … White cast iron 2.0–3.5 (all combined) 0.5–1.5 0.5 0.2–0.4 0.10 … Malleable cast iron 2.3 1.0 0.4 0.20 0.10 … Ductile cast iron Ferrite 3.5 2.5 0.2 0.05 0.01 0.04 Mg Pearlitic 3.5 2.5 0.4 0.05 0.01 0.04 Mg...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of silicon content on the critical temperature range of malleable, gray, and ductile irons when cooled at 5 °C (9 °F) per hour. Courtesy of the American Foundry Society. Source: Ref 6 Abstract Abstract Cast irons, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys but with higher carbon levels than steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... 2.52 A graphite nodule in a ductile (nodular) cast iron. Unetched. 500× Fig. 2.53 Pearlitic malleable cast iron (3.21% C, 0.32% Mn, and 0.47% Si). Dark areas are “temper carbon.” 4% picral. 500× Abstract Abstract This chapter introduces the basic ferrous physical metallurgy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... applications A Diamond (two scales—carbide and steel) 60 Cemented carbides, thin steel, and shallow case-hardened steel B 1.588 mm ( 1 16 in.) ball 100 Copper alloys, soft steels, aluminum alloys, malleable iron C Diamond 150 Steel, hard cast irons, pearlitic malleable iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
...–14.00 80.10–91.40 Infiltrated steel FX-2005 0.30–0.60 … 15.00–25.00 70.40–84.70 Infiltrated steel FX-2008 0.60–1.00 … 15.00–25.00 70.00–84.40 MPIF, the Metal Powder Industries Federation. Source: Ref 5 Classification of malleable iron by mechanical properties Table 5.3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... 500 kg load is usually used for testing nonferrous metals, such as copper and aluminum alloys, whereas the higher 3000 kg load is most often used for testing harder metals, such as steels and cast irons. The load is held for a specified time (10 to 15 seconds for iron or steel and about 30 seconds...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.../asm.hb.v18.9781627081924 Steel, as we know it, did not appear in commercial use until the invention of the Bessemer furnace in 1850 (or thereabouts). Cast irons existed, but they did not have the malleability of steel. Steel is an iron carbon alloy with carbon content generally below 2%; cast irons have 3 to 4...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
..., materials, and production methods. These applications include traditionally cast iron, malleable iron, nodular iron and steel cross members, suspension and control arms, brackets, brake valves, rotors, and calipers. The commercialization of aluminum-intense automobile designs can result in 20 lb less engine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... , Composition of Ductile Irons , Ductile Iron Handbook , American Foundrymen’s Society , 1992 , p 66 – 109 2. “The Fatigue Life of Cast Surface of Malleable and Nodular Iron,” Bulletin 177, Metals Research and Development Foundation 3. Sponseller D.L. , Scholz W.G. , and Rundle D.F...