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machine vision

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract Machine vision is a means of simulating the image recognition and analysis capabilities of the human eye/brain system with electronic and electromechanical techniques. This chapter discusses four basic steps in the machine vision process, namely image formation, image preprocessing...
Image
Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 3 Examples of machine vision applications. (a) Measuring fit and gap of automotive fender. Courtesy of Diffracto Limited. (b) Reading box labels in sorting application. Courtesy of Cognex Corporation. (c) Reading part numbers on silicon wafers. Courtesy of Cognex Corporation. (d) Vision More
Image
Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 2 Schematic illustrating the key components of a machine vision system. Source: Ref 3 More
Image
Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 3 Overview of the machine vision process. CID, charge injected device. Source: Ref 1 More
Image
Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 4 Schematics of commonly used illumination techniques for machine vision systems. Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the various inspection methods used with metals and alloys, namely visual inspection, coordinate measuring machines, machine vision, hardness testing, tensile testing, chemical analysis, metallography, and nondestructive testing. The nondestructive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... ). The system measures the distance between the two sensors. Thus, when wrinkles occur, the distance between the two sensors increases, and this is detected by the sensors. Fig. 15.19 Wrinkle-detection sensor. Source: Ref 15.2 15.5 Machine Vision Systems Machine vision systems are used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... automatic inspection stations (machine vision systems). Casting Defects Poor casting design can interfere with the ability of the foundry to use the best techniques to produce reliable castings. The designer also specifies the quality requirements that ensure that the cast component will perform...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... machine now incorporates a dual band interferometer, microscope, multiple view and alignment cameras for target and machine vision monitoring with overlay for X-ray images, electronic and optical endpoint determination, coolant dispense and suction, thermal stage control, interactive loading force sensors...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... can be sectioned, features added or removed, and mass properties can be instantly computed. These programs can come with machining, assembly, mold making, and other manufacturing packages that facilitate the development of tooling and methods for those operations. Their potential for applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.edfatr.t56090131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-462-8
... to many breakthroughs in computer vision, robotics, natural language processing, and autonomous driving. Fig. 3 Machine Learning vs Deep Learning ( Ref 1 ). Why AI in Advanced Microelectronic Packaging FA? 3D microelectronic packaging is the industry trend to meet the ever-increasing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... stainless steel for the Chrysler Building. It provides information on the opening ceremonies for the Chrysler Building, Van Alen's vision, and the exterior of the building. stainless steel WALTER PERCY CHRYSLER (1875–1949) ( Fig. 21 ) was born of Dutch ancestry in Wamego, Kansas, on April 2, 1875...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract In contrast to most plastic deformation processes, the shape of a machined component is not uniquely defined by the tooling. Instead, it is affected by complex interactions between tool geometry, material properties, and frictional stresses and is further complicated by tool wear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... within ISO 9000 should be used. Modern quality techniques can be readily used as supplementary methods within the 20 elements of ISO 9001. This provides the basic procedures: Definition of the vision of the quality culture desired Derivation of the individual strategies for quality...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... line. The frequency of variation usually corresponds to weld-current variation. Increased use of ultrahigh frequency current for welding has minimized the occurrence of stitching. The nondestructive inspection of resistance welded tube can be performed continuously on a welding machine...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... to be large enough to justify the equipment investment. One of these large units is shown in Fig. 11.11 . These machines are extremely rigid and allow for accurate hole location and normality. They are NC, so there is no need for drill templates. They have vision systems that can scan the substructure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... is sampled during production on a regular basis and scored for a particular quality aspect. The goal is to search for and identify the pattern of process variation, looking for part to part, time to time, machine to machine, or operator to operator variations. It is often possible to identify the major...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... takes the part to the tempering station, after which it removes it and places it onto a conveyor leading to a machining area. The use of robots for part handling/manipulation is sure to increase as the “vision” and tactile capabilities of such machines are developed more fully. Materials Handling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... the design and operation of press brakes and other bending machines. bending contour flanging hemming hole flanging press brakes BENDING, FLANGING, AND HEMMING are widely used in sheet metal fabrication where the parts require simple or complex bent profiles ( Fig. 2.1 ). Bending is usually...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... with measurement capabilities analogous to the evolution of photon emission tools with thermal and laser capabilities. Options on a pocket milling machine can now incorporate a dual band interferometer, microscope, multiple view and alignment cameras for target and machine vision monitoring with overlay for X-ray...