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low-melting-point metals

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-resistance alloys, superalloys, refractory metals, low-melting-point metals, reactive metals, precious metals, rare earth metals, and metalloids or semimetals. It also provides a brief summary on special-purpose materials, including uranium, vanadium, magnetic alloys, and thermocouple materials. light...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... behavior of alloys in molten aluminum, zinc, lead, lithium, sodium, magnesium, mercury, cadmium, tin, antimony, and bismuth. It also discusses the problem of liquid metal embrittlement, explaining how it is caused by low-melting-point metals during brazing, welding, and heat treating operations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., hydrogen diffuses rapidly and forms hydrides throughout the metal. Oxides, nitrides, and hydrides all lead to impaired ductility. Beryllium has a very low density (1.848 g/cm 3 , or 0.067 lb/in. 3 ), a moderately high melting point (1283 °C, or 2341 °F), and a high elastic modulus (303 GPa, or 44 msi...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... Zinc has a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) crystal structure and a melting point of about 382 °C (720 °F). These two features immediately set this metal apart from others. Not many metals have an hcp structure, and most low-melting-point metals have poor mechanical properties. Zinc is stronger and has...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...-20Cr-20Fe. The properties of a number of niobium alloys are given in Table 31.2 . Solid-solution strengthening is greatest for alloying elements that have a large atomic size misfit, a low diffusivity, and a high melting point (for thermal stability). Substitutional alloying additions include...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Treatment of Steel,” in this book). In the iron-carbon system, the eutectic composition (4.30 wt% C) results in a melting point of 1140 °C. This is much lower than the melting point of pure iron. As described in Chapter 2, “Structure of Metals and Alloys,” in this book, eutectic compositions offer the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... than the melting points of the two pure metals in the alloy! This type of alloy is referred to as a eutectic alloy (where the term eutectic is taken from the Greek word for “of low melting point”). For example, when silver is alloyed with 28.1% copper, eutectic melting occurs at 779 °C ( Fig. 2.37...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... arc resistivity Provide slag with the proper melting temperature Provide a low-density slag Permit use of different types of current and polarity Add alloying elements Refine the weld pool by deoxidation and desulfurization Provide proper viscosity for out-of-position welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... part of the graph, but are there simply to point out that at low stress levels, the material behavior is purely elastic. The material exhibits plastic hysteresis behavior at the region where the stress levels are high. The higher the stress level, the larger the plastic hysteresis loop. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of its invariant melting point or temperature of allotropic transformation. As noted, heat spur and atomic diffusion can cause the atoms of some metals to rearrange themselves into different types of crystal lattices. This is referred to as an allotropy , and iron is an important example of an...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... curve at this point. In the transition metals, apart from producing strong magnetic properties, great strengths, and high melting points, the unfilled d -band is also responsible for the poor electrical conductivity and high electronic specific heat. When an electron is scattered by a lattice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Transformation stresses Weld stresses All of these stresses result from a nonhomogeneous thermal contraction or a volume change during a phase transformation, at temperatures low enough that stresses cannot be relaxed by plastic flow. As long as the temperature of some parts of the metal remains within...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the factors that play a role in fatigue failures and how they affect the service life of metals and structures. It describes the stresses associated with high-cycle and low-cycle fatigue and how they differ from the loading profiles typically used to generate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... 2100 °F and is dissolved into the slag. As carbon is removed, the melting point of the carbon-free iron increases to 2800 °F, higher than the furnace temperature. The iron then precipitates as solid particles that fall through the slag and onto the hearth as a mixture of iron and slag. This mixture is...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... safety it is often not as serious (or as sudden) as fracture, because wear is usually anticipated. Failures can also be induced by service temperatures. Examples include creep deformation and rupture at elevated temperature, or the brittle fracture of body-centered cubic (bcc) metals at low temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... and the Ordinary Tensile Properties of Metals , Symposim on Applications Related Phenomena in Titanium and Its Alloys , STP 432, ASTM, 1968 , p 5 4.17. Metals Test Methods and Analytical Procedures, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 03.01 , Metals—Mechanical Testing; Elevated and Low...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... , 1974 , p 105 10.1520/STP33136S 5.14. Metals Test Methods and Analytical Procedures, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 03.01 , Metals—Mechanical Testing; Elevated and Low Temperature Tests; Metallography , ASTM 5.15. Katherisan K. , Hsu T.M. , and Brussat T.R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... second subcritical anneal may be used. The earliest change in structure and properties from annealing a cold-worked metal is recovery. During the recovery stage, there are only limited effects on point defects and the annihilation and rearrangement of dislocations. The change in microstructure may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... temperatures therefore remain well below the melting point. So, compared to conventional thermal spray, where the spray particles are melted or nearly melted during the deposition process, this is a comparatively low temperature spray process technology hence, the name cold spray . As in explosive welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... , Ed., ASM International , 1989 Many metals react readily with halogen gases at elevated temperatures to form volatile metal halides. Some metal halides also exhibit low melting points, and some even sublime at relatively low temperatures. As a result, alloys containing elements that form...