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low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... at high strain rate. Tests may be carried out at range of temperatures (low). Energy absorbed in impact failure recorded Upper and lower-shelf impact energies. Impact energy transition (ductile-to-brittle) temperature Well-established and simple techniques but require appropriate equipment. National...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... microscope, of the bainite transformation in a low-alloy steel. The specimen was cooled at a rate of 17 °C/s. The times in seconds are shown below each frame. Unetched. Fig. 6.34 A microhardness tester Fig. 6.35 A comparison between the (a) Knoop and (b) Vickers microhardness indenters...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Scanning Auger microscope Chemical analysis of (1) monolayers on surfaces made by in situ fracturing, and (2) low- Z elements on surfaces cleaned by in situ ion etching ~100 nm (Auger) 10 nm (SEM mode) ~100 nm (Auger) 1–3 μm (EDS) Requires ultrahigh vacuum and careful surface preparation; can also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... The copper signal at spot ‘2’ is primarily a result of electrons scattered by the sample interacting with the copper grid supporting the sample. Figure 27 Examples of EEL spectrum in the low energy-loss regime. EEL spectrum from silicon-oxide based dielectric is superimposed on EEL spectrum from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... by reducing the activity of both hydroxyl ions and hydrogen ions (i.e., by maintaining a neutral pH). Boiler tubes also fail due to corrosion in the presence of dissolved oxygen or carbon dioxide, and therefore it is also necessary to control the amount of dissolved oxygen in BFW. Overall low pH...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... samples. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is a surface-sensitive technique and has a typical sampling depth of 30 to 100 Å from the surface of the sample. In XPS, only electrons that are generated near the surface can escape and be detected. They have relatively low kinetic energy. Those electrons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 23 January 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stemsem.9781627082921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-292-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...Properties of analytical techniques including energy dispersive x-ray spectroscope (EDS) in the SEM or STEM (with thin samples), wavelength dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (WDS), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS, also knows as ESCA), secondary ion mass...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... and emitted x-rays and the methods used to access it, namely wavelength and energy dispersive spectroscopy and electron backscattering diffraction techniques. It also describes the role of focused ion beam milling in sample preparation and provides information on atom probes, atomic force microscopes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... method Property Practical information provided Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) Weight-average molecular weight, M ¯ w ; molecular weight distribution, MWD Polymer MWD with soluble polymers Low-angle light scattering M ¯ w , MWD M...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... surfaces. The alkali and sulfur ion contaminants from flue gases caused fire-side corrosion on the OD surface by forming low-melting alkali pyrosulfate compounds. The corrosion was more aggravated at the weld location due to accumulation of alkali pyrosulfate that eventually exposed the internal porosity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... contrast. However, the scattering does prevent the highest resolution so ESEM is generally used at fairly low magnification, typically below 10,000x. Furthermore, the gas does limit the working distance and the energy at which the beam can be used. Working distance should be no more than 5 to 10 mm which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...—Water Reactors , ANS , 1992 , p 806 – 813 6.87 Fukuya K. , Nakata K. , and Horie A. , “ IASCC Study Using High Energy Ion Irradiation ,” Proc. 5th Int. Symp. on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems—Water Reactors , ANS , 1992 , p 814 – 820...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... a focused beam of ions (usually gallium) either to image the sample (using low-beam currents) or to remove material by sputtering it away (high currents). King and Jahedi ( Ref 5.39 ) studied the effect of particle size and bonding for aluminum and copper particles and were able to make use of FIB...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... J.M. Jr. , 1982b . Chemical Vapor Deposition , Surface Cleaning, Finishing, and Coating , Vol 5 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , American Society for Metals , p 381 – 386 Bohdansky J. , and Roth J. , 1984 . Light Ion Sputtering of Low Z Materials in the Temperature Range 20...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of the native oxides that form on the surface of beryllium and their ability to withstand acids, bases, and corrosive agents found in rain and seawater. It explains how carbides, inclusions, ions, and impurities contribute to corrosion damage, particularly pitting, and how corrosion reduces the ductility...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., are found to promote the incidence of SCC in such steels. The two commercially important types of steel with yield strengths (i.e., 0.2% proof stress; the term yield strength is used in the engineering sense) greater than 1240 MPa are quenched and tempered low-alloy steels and maraging steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... readily made. Frequent Analytical Concentration of the corroded metal ions or concentration of inhibitor Can identify specific corroding equipment. Wide range of analytical tools available. Specific ion electrodes readily used. Moderate Analytical pH of process stream Commonly used...