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low-carbon steel castings

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Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 3 Low-carbon cast steel test specimen emphasizing 45° shear aspect of tensile fracture of a ductile metal. Diagonal ridges are “Lüders lines” or “stretcher strains”; porosity in the steel shows many localized fractures. More
Image
Published: 01 November 2012
Fig. 3 Low-carbon cast steel test specimen emphasizing 45° shear aspect of tensile fracture of a ductile metal. Diagonal ridges are Lüders lines or stretcher strains; porosity in steel shows many localized fractures. Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter introduces the metallographer to the various types of steels and cast irons and explains how they are classified and defined. Classification and designation details are provided for plain carbon steels, alloy steels, and gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... in water. The density value and the heat treatment of several cast carbon and low alloy steels are listed in Table 27-1 . Fig. 27-1 The influence of alloying elements on the density of iron at 68 °F (20 °C) and 2912 °F(1600 °C)( 1 ) Compilation of Density and Elastic Modulus Data for Cast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... Abstract This chapter covers the basics of weldability of cast steels such as carbon and low alloy steels, corrosion-resistant high alloy steels, nickel-base alloys, heat-resistant high alloy steels, and wear-resistant high austenitic manganese steels. It provides an overview of weld overlay...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... high alloy steels. austenitic high alloy steel casting cryogenic steel casting ferritic carbon steel casting low-temperature steel casting martensitic high alloy steel casting martensitic low alloy steel casting Opening image for Chapter 23, “Low-Temperature and Cryogenic Steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses ferrous metals, including low-carbon steels, stainless steels, and cast irons. It also provides information on hardening and hardenability and the tempering process. hardening tempering ferrous metals hardenability Jominy end-quench testing WHILE...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... started to replace bronze in approximately 1200 B.C. Cast iron alloys predate steel because cast iron, with its higher carbon content, melts at lower temperatures. Early steel alloys were produced by solid-state smelting that produced iron with a low carbon content and high density of entrapped slag...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
..., most shapes are available in carbon steels; fewer are available in alloy steel; and fewer still in tool steel and cast form. Low-carbon steel is used as much as possible because it is the lowest cost steel. Low carbon in practical terms ranges from about 0.08 to about 0.25% carbon. The U.S. designation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... commercial castings except the very smallest. Figure 1 shows A cm temperatures for 13% Mn steels containing between 0.6 and 1.4% C. Figure 2 shows the effects of carbon and manganese content on the M s temperature, that is, the temperature at which martensite starts to form from austenite upon cooling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... metal is tapped into ladle cars on rails. This is transported to the pig casting house for casting into ingots called pigs . Molten metal tapped into ladle cars for further processing to steel is transported to converters. The pig iron that is produced has a composition of high carbon, sulfur...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... Characteristics of Structural Carbon and Low Alloy Cast Steels For the purpose of this chapter, carbon steels are considered to be those steels in which carbon is the principal alloying element. Other elements that are present and that, in general, are required to be reported are manganese, silicon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... in ferritic alloys, which are Chapter 12: Melting, Casting, and Hot Processing / 157 made from a higher percentage of low-phosphorus carbon steel scrap. The deleterious effects of phosphorus on corrosion are not avoided unless much lower levels are achieved. Consequently, its presence is tolerated since...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... (personal communication) Figure 7.11 shows how a class 30 gray cast iron compares to some other metals in two-body abrasion resistance. The relatively soft gray iron has abrasion resistance better than low-carbon steel at about the same hardness, but it is not as abrasion resistant as a common tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... microconstituents steel castings STEEL IS BROADLY CLASSIFIED as plain-carbon steels, low-alloy steels, and high-alloy steels. Plain-carbon steels are further classified as low-carbon steels, medium-carbon steels, and high-carbon steels. Figure 12.1 provides an overview of these steel classifications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... and performance characteristics. 4.5 Iron-Carbon Carbide-Silicon Equilibrium Diagram of Cast Irons The carbon content of steel is relatively low compared with that of cast iron. Steel is considered to be binary iron-carbon alloys. Cast iron contains appreciable amounts of silicon in addition to carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract Cast irons, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys but with higher carbon levels than steels to take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system. Like steel, heat treatment of cast iron includes stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, through hardening...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... of the habit of ordering “Hastelloy C” as a generic alloy. Hastelloy C-276 (low carbon with tungsten) replaced “C” but has no cast counterpart in ASTM-A494. CW12MW ordered with a 0.02% maximum carbon is a good equivalent. CW2M and CW6M are nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloys with no other alloying elements...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... 102 Tungsten 1517 220 . . . . . . Molybdenum and its alloys 1448 210 565 82 Titanium and its alloys 1317 191 186 27 Carbon steels, wrought; normalized, quenched and tempered 1296 188 400 58 Low-alloy carburizing steels; wrought, quenched and tempered 1227 178 427 62...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... steels, low-alloy steels, high-strength low-alloy steels, and high-temperature alloys and superalloys. Argon oxygen decarburization units are used in the production of high-alloy castings, particularly of grades that are prone to defects due to high gas contents. Carbon and low-alloy steels for castings...