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low-alloy steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the designations of carbon and low-alloy steels and their general characteristics in terms of their response to hardening and mechanical properties. The steels covered are low-carbon steels, higher manganese carbon steels, boron-treated carbon steels, H-steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the applications of particular types or grades of carbon and low-alloy steels. The discussion covers carbon steel classification for heat treating, tempering of quenched carbon steels, and austempering of steel. In addition, the chapter discusses the effects of alloying and hardenability on steel and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... their performance in adhesive and abrasive wear applications and in environments where they are subjected to solid particle, droplet, slurry, and cavitation erosion and fretting damage. alloy composition carbon and low-alloy steel friction and wear properties microstructure tool steel wrought...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... rupture, including overheating, high-temperature creep, graphitization, and dissimilar metal welds. It explains how to determine which mechanisms are in play by interpreting fracture patterns and microstructural details. It also describes the investigation of several carbon and low-alloy steel tubes that...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract Heat treatment is the most common way of altering the mechanical, physical, and even chemical properties of steels. This chapter describes the changes that occur in carbon and low-alloy steels during conventional heat treatments. It explains how austenite decomposition largely defines...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... contain 0.30 to 0.40% carbon, while tool steels contain 0.60 to 1%. Carbon has two characteristics that account for the powerful effects of such small amounts. It is very low in density, so there are a great number of atoms in these small amounts of alloy additions by weight. Further, the atoms are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter describes nondestructive evaluation (NDE) test methods and their relative effectiveness for diagnosing the cause of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) service failures. It discusses procedures for analyzing various types of damage in carbon and low-alloy steels, high-strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... found to promote the incidence of SCC in such steels. The two commercially important types of steel with yield strengths (i.e., 0.2% proof stress; the term yield strength is used in the engineering sense) greater than 1240 MPa are quenched and tempered low-alloy steels and maraging steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-induced cracking (HIC), which is known to occur in carbon and low-alloy steels, often does not require the presence of an external tensile stress. Hydrogen-induced cracking results from the diffusion of atomic hydrogen in the steel, which then combines to form molecular hydrogen at trap sites. Hydrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Systems—Water Reactors , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1990 , p 4-26 to 4-51 6.33 Ford F.P. , Taylor D.F. , Andresen P.L. , and Ballinger R.G. , “ Environmentally Controlled Cracking of Stainless and Low Alloy Steels in LWR Environments ,” NP-5064M (RP2006-6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-corrosion cracking of stainless alloys with different nickel content in boiling acidified sodium chloride solution. ASTM C692-13: Standard test method for evaluating the influence of thermal insulations on external stress-corrosion cracking tendency of austenitic stainless steel. ASTM G-37: Practice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... length of 0.03 cm (300 × 10 −6 m). The K values calculated by Jones and Simonen are threshold K values or K ISCC values. Eikemeyer ( Ref 1.109 ) found that K ISCC was independent of the crack length for a low-alloy steel tested in CaSO 4 solution at a pH of 7, but that K ISCC decreased...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... can be attributed to the increasing diversity of the application of nickel-base alloys, greater knowledge of service performance, and improved testing methods. In a qualitative way, the panoply of environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) of nickel-base alloys and stainless steels in aqueous solutions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
.... He also measured crack velocities 7 × 10 −7 cm/s. While these are not high crack velocities, there are some steels that exhibit slower crack growth rates. Stress-intensity thresholds for crack growth were as low as 5 MPa m 1/2 , which is a very low threshold. Three hydrogen-induced cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Corrosion Cracking Investigation of Two Low Alloy, High Strength Steels , Corrosion , Vol 19 ( No. 2 ), 1963 , p 45t – 55t 10.5006/0010-9312-19.2.45 17.12 Fernandez S.O. and Tisinai G.F. , Stress Analysis of Un-notched C-rings Used for Stress Cracking Studies , J. Eng. Ind. , Feb...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-base alloys. This may reflect the fact that extensive thermomechanical processing is not normally performed on α-phase copper alloys for most engineering applications (in contrast to low-alloy steels and aluminum alloys). Several researchers have studied the effect of grain size on cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... deformation and tensile failure. Such a situation cannot occur unless the alloys have very low corrosion resistance. General expression of the corrosion behavior of amorphous alloys is impossible, because corrosion resistance varies greatly among them. In particular, their corrosion resistance differs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... International Symposium on Stress Corrosion Mechanisms in Titanium Alloys , Jan 27–29 , 1971 , cosponsored by Georgia Institute of Technology and National Association of Corrosion Engineers 10.4 Brown B.E. , “ Stress Corrosion Cracking in High Strength Steels and in Titanium and Aluminum Alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... particularly strong SCC-causing agents for common metals and stainless steels. Moreover, the presence of sulfides and/or iron salts does not increase the SCC susceptibility of zirconium ( Ref 11.28 – 11.30 ). Unlike most metals, zirconium has a very low affinity for sulfide ions, and their presence in...