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localized corrosion

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Abstract This chapter is a detailed study of the localized corrosion behavior of steel, copper, and aluminum alloys. It applies the basic principles of electrochemistry, as well as materials science and solid and fluid mechanics, to explain the causes and effects of pitting, crevice corrosion...
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 3 Macroscopic versus microscopic forms of localized corrosion More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 20 Severe localized corrosion on a type 316 stainless steel heat exchanger tube. Attack occurred beneath deposits, which were removed to show wastage. Source: Nalco Chemical Company More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 9 Examples of how design and assembly can affect localized corrosion by creating crevices and traps where corrosive liquids can accumulate. (a) Storage containers or vessels should allow complete drainage; otherwise, corrosive species can concentrate in bottom vessel, and debris may More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 19 Localized corrosion of asbestos-gasketed flanged joints in a type 304 stainless steel piping system. (a) Single remaining biodeposit adjacent to resulting corrosion on the flange. Numerous other similar deposits were dislodged in opening the joint. (b) Closeup of gouging-type corrosion More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 1 Localized corrosion of stainless steel pipes from direct exposure to marine mists, compounded by plastic wraps More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 5 Examples of how design and assembly can affect localized corrosion by creating crevices and traps where corrosive liquids can accumulate. (a) Storage containers or vessels should allow complete drainage; otherwise, corrosive species can concentrate in vessel bottom, and debris may More
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 1 (Part 1) Examples of how design and assembly can affect localized corrosion by creating crevices and traps where corrosive liquids can accumulate. (a) Storage containers or vessels should allow complete drainage; otherwise, corrosive species can concentrate in vessel bottom, and debris More
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 1 (Part 2) Examples of how design and assembly can affect localized corrosion by creating crevices and traps where corrosive liquids can accumulate. (a) Storage containers or vessels should allow complete drainage; otherwise, corrosive species can concentrate in vessel bottom, and debris More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 13 Comparison between general corrosion and localized (pitting) corrosion data recorded from a dehydrated gas pipeline environment. Source: Ref 59 More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 16 Localized biological corrosion of austenitic stainless steel. (a) Crevice corrosion of type 304 stainless steel flange from a cooling water system. Staining shows evidence of adjacent biomounds. The corrosion attack reached a depth of 6 mm (¼ in.). Courtesy of W.K. Link and R.E More
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Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 10 Severe localized erosion-corrosion of two gasoline-fueled engine exhaust valves made from a nickel-base superalloy operating between 1400 and 1500 °F. The exhaust gas damage in the underhead radius and stem was identified as lead oxide corrosion, aggravated by bromine from the gasoline. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter provides an introduction to various forms of corrosion, namely uniform corrosion, localized corrosion, mechanically assisted degradation, environmentally induced cracking, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and metallurgically influenced corrosion. uniform...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... The tail rotor blade of a helicopter developed a crack on the skin. The cracking was due to local corrosion initiated from the inside surface. The local corrosion was due to excess burning of the resin used to bond the aluminum sheet at the trailing edge. Background The tail rotor blade...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter explores the behavior of stainless steel in media that promote corrosion. The forms of corrosion covered are uniform corrosion, atmospheric corrosion, localized corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, and grain boundary corrosion. The chapter discusses...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and aluminum alloys, are useful only because of passive films, which are thin (nanometer-scale) oxide layers that form naturally on the metal surface and greatly reduce the rate of corrosion of the alloys. Such passive films, however, are often susceptible to localized breakdown, resulting in accelerated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of the occluded solution from the crevice sites (and pits) led to the river pattern of attack outside the initial localized corrosion sites. Fig. 5 Confocal laser scanning micrographs of air aged nickel alloys after cyclic potentiodynamic polarization testing with a crevice former in place at 95 °C...
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 2 Real-time monitoring of chemical injection in a cooling-water system with online corrosion rate and pitting tendencies (localization index). October 10—Chemical treatment program transition: Inhibitor was turned off, acid addition was stopped, blowdown was increased, and dispersant More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen damage, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the economic importance of cost-effective materials selection is also considered. materials selection corrosion control general corrosion localized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... information on materials selection under general corrosion conditions and under conditions of localized corrosion forms such as pitting, crevice corrosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. corrosion control materials selection corrosion resistance fabrication pitting crevice corrosion stress...