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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... detailed images, diagrams, and explanations. It discusses the various factors that influence strength and ductility, including grain size, loading rate, and temperature. It also provides information on the origin of residual stresses, the concept of toughness, and the damage mechanisms associated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the material and engineering issues associated with plastic components subjected to impact. The first part covers the effects of loading rate, temperature, and state of stress on both deformation and mode of failure. It discusses standard impact tests...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... describes load condition factors, such as strain rate, machine rigidity, and various testing modes by load control, speed control, strain control, and strain-rate control. It provides a description of environmental chambers for testing and discusses the processes involved in the force verification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Calculation for Center-Cracked Panel Size Effect Example: Maximum Stress to Fracture Example: Calculation of the Maximum Safe Flaw Size Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness (K<sub>Ic</sub>) Test (ASTM E 399) Nonlinear Fracture Toughness Testing Yield Strength Loading Rate Temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... of the fracture accompanied only by plastic strain local to the crack surface. This term is called . (2) The strain energy loss rate associated with nonrecoverable displacements of the points of load application; however, this term is assumed zero. Fracture toughness, C , is the component of work...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
...Abstract Abstract High strain rate tensile testing is used to understand the response of materials to dynamic loading. The behavior of materials under high strain rate tensile loads may differ considerably from that observed in conventional tensile tests. This chapter discusses the processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... their widths with stress profiles. It also describes how material-related factors, load history, corrosion, and temperature affect crack growth rates, and discusses the steps involved in life assessment. corrosion-fatigue damage tolerance analysis finite element method residual strength stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... then employ to analyze the crack growth behavior of various materials, including steels and nonferrous alloys, under constant-amplitude loading. The authors then deal with the effects of complex loading using crack retardation and crack closure models to show how load fluctuations can slow crack growth rates...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... lifetime and failure. It begins with a review of the ductile-to-brittle transition behavior of steel and the different ways to measure transition temperature. It then explains how to predict fracture loads using linear-elastic fracture mechanics and how toughness is affected by temperature and strain rate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpktmse.t56010001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-384-3
... of the different types of test equipment used and how they compare in terms of loading force, displacement rate, accuracy, and allowable sample sizes. It then discusses the various ways tensile measurements are plotted and presents examples of each method. It examines a typical load-displacement curve as well...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... 22–33 (20–30) 28 (25) 18Ni, high purity &lt;33 (&lt;30) &lt;33 (&lt;30) Note: Based on a crack growth rate of 2.5 × 10 −4 mm/h (10 −5 in./h). Modified compact specimens: constant load for initiation and wedge-loaded with a bolt for arrest. Test environment: saltwater at room temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract Helicopter control mechanisms were failing at a higher than normal rate on high-altitude flights in mountainous regions. All of the failures occurred at or near attachment points on pressurized tubes, causing a pressure drop and partial loss of function. Visual and SEM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Influence of texture on fatigue crack growth in Ti-6Al-4V. Fatigue crack growth rates are higher when basal planes are loaded in tension. The elastic modulus in tension for the basal texture (B) is 109 GPa (15.8 × 10 6 psi); for the transverse texture (T), 126 GPa (18.3 × 10 6 psi). The yield stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...). This chapter describes those conditions, focusing initially on the effects of alloying elements and temper on solution potential and how it compares to other metals. It then addresses the issue of intergranular corrosion and its role in SCC. It explains how factors such as stress loads, grain structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the use of finite-element modeling in forging design. It describes key modeling parameters and inputs, mesh generation and computation time, and process modeling outputs such as metal flow, strain rate, loading profiles, and microstructure. It also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... of creep strain and strain rate equations, explains how to determine creep constants, and reviews the findings of several studies on cyclic loading. It also discusses the development of a novel test that measures the cyclic creep-rupture resistance of materials in tension and compression. activation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... of anelastic deformation. The sudden application of the tensile load may elastically strain the iron lattice at such a high rate that carbon migration to favored sites cannot occur as the load is applied. However, if the material remains under load, the time-dependent migration to favored sites...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... done by a load, P , causing a displacement, Δ: (8.1) V = P △ / 2 = C P 2 / 2 where C = Δ/ P , the elastic compliance. The loss of elastic potential energy with crack extension of unit area, A , is defined as the strain-energy release rate, G . For a crack extending...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., on the fracture surface corresponds to one fatigue load cycle. The arrow indicates the crack propagation direction. Fig. 14 A typical fatigue-crack growth-rate curve consists of three regions: a slow-growing region (threshold), a linear region (the middle section of the curve), and a terminal region...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... of notch locations for toughness testing of weld metals (a and b) and heat-affected zone (HAZ) (c through g). Source: Ref 16 Fig. 4 Stress concentration factor ( K t ) versus bolt diameter for bolts with standard metric threads. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 29 Effects of (a) loading rate, (b...