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liquid steel analytical techniques

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... boundary fracture in steels as discussed in Chapter 19, “Low Toughness and Embrittlement Phenomena in Steel.” The analytical techniques discussed above all involve examination of specimen surfaces. In contrast, Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEM) make possible the evaluation of fine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of the amount of corrosion. Indirect means of monitoring corrosion by analytical methods include measuring the concentration of inhibitor, pH, oxygen, or hydrogen in a reaction fluid. Nondestructive test techniques are used extensively to monitor corrosion. Their advantage is that equipment usually need...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... analytical chemistry Gravimetric/volumetric/ colorimetric/electrochemical/ atomic absorption techniques Quantitative chemical composition Relatively simple techniques and equipment requirements. Suitable for solid or liquid samples. Detection limits from 0.001 to 100%. Accuracy ±1% of detected level...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... and in the precision of its content. Few, if any, diagrams may be considered complete and final. Repeated investigations, with refinements in apparatus and techniques, lead to their frequent revision. The development of new analytical techniques leads to ever more precise measurements that allow continual refinement...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... was the exciting development and application of the analytical techniques that were important to the other parts of the physical metallurgy equation: techniques that made possible the characterization of structure and properties. The Early Metallographers—Naming of Phases and Microstructures in Steels Current...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... steel properties. Many analytical chemistry methods and techniques can be used to characterize chemical composition. Structure can also be characterized by a wide range of techniques, depending, among other factors, on the scale of the structure. Table 1.1 presents some structural characterization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... and environmental approaches, and chemical and composition analysis for assessing material characteristics. This chapter is a detailed account of the working principle and the steps involved in these techniques and technologies. analytical equipment chemical analysis composition analysis dimensional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
.... Fracture Mechanics Applied to Failure Analysis 13. Simulated-Service Testing 14. Consult Other Disciplines 15. Formulating Conclusions and Report Writing 16. Follow-Up Recommendations Stages of a Failure Analysis Analytical Techniques On-Site Failure Analysis Moral, Ethical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... point cracks (corner of the slab). Macrograph produced using “engraving” technique, for publication (see Chapter 4, “Metallographic Technique—Macrography,” in this book). Courtesy of J. Casey, DOFASCO Canada. Liquid steels contain many nonmetallic elements in solution. In particular, oxygen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., several references have been included at the end of the chapter for further reading. The Image Analyzer The Electron Microscope The X-Ray Diffractometer The Hot Stage Microscope The Microhardness Tester The Hot Microhardness Tester Other Specialized Techniques Selected References...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract Abstract This article reviews various analytical techniques most commonly used in plastic component failure analysis. The description of the techniques is intended to make the reader familiar with the general principles and benefits of the methodologies. The descriptions of the analytical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... stressed parts. Various analytical techniques can be used to determine elemental concentrations and to identify compounds in alloys, bulky deposits, and samples of environmental fluids, lubricants, and suspensions. Semiquantitative emission spectrography, spectrophotometry, and atomic absorption...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Challenges in 3D Analytics As semiconductor devices continue to scale, the need for improved precision from failure analysis techniques increases as defects render bigger impact on device performance and reliability. Meanwhile, the search for the next technological revolution has spurred vigorous R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., distribution, and other such metrics. metallography One of the most interesting problems in evaluating micro- and macrostructures of metals is the fact that most available analytical techniques make it possible to observe two-dimensional sections of three-dimensional structures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...Abstract Abstract There are several analytical methods available that can be used in-line on whole wafers as well as off-line on de-processed products that are returned from the field. These techniques are surface analytical techniques that can be used to characterize the bulk of the material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... inspection, and liquid penetrant inspection. The instrumentation for a variety of corrosion monitoring techniques is presented in Table 9 , and the characteristics of these techniques are identified in Table 10 . Instrumentation for corrosion monitoring Table 9 Instrumentation for corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... of stainless steels, due to the large concentration of this constituent in stainless steels, its affinity to oxygen, and the fact that powders and parts occasionally had a greenish tint. However, surface analytical techniques, particularly Auger and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), have...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... • Mittal K. , Ed., Surface Contamination , Plenum Press , 1979 • Settle F. , Ed., Handbook of Instrumental Techniques for Analytical Chemistry , Prentice Hall PTR , 1997 , p 793 – 808 , 811 – 827 , 831 – 847 AES, XPS, and TOF-SIMS • Briggs D. , Ed., Handbook of X...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... M.A. , and Bose A. , The Effect of Preparation Techniques and Storage Conditions on the Flow Properties of Additive Manufacturing (AM) Feedstocks , Advances in Additive Manufacturing with Powder Metallurgy—Proceedings of the 2019 Additive Manufacturing with Powder Metallurgy Conference...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... are available commercially. The emission spectrometer is thus a very useful tool for quick and reliable analysis of metals and alloys not only during production but also for on-site use for failure investigation. Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) is an analytical technique used for trace analysis...