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liquid metal embrittlement

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... shortness associated with copper and overheating and burning as occur during forging. It addresses various types of embrittlement, including quench embrittlement, tempered-martensite embrittlement, liquid-metal-induced embrittlement, and hydrogen embrittlement, and concludes with a discussion on high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... behavior of alloys in molten aluminum, zinc, lead, lithium, sodium, magnesium, mercury, cadmium, tin, antimony, and bismuth. It also discusses the problem of liquid metal embrittlement, explaining how it is caused by low-melting-point metals during brazing, welding, and heat treating operations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... microstructural transformation. A section describing the types of embrittlement from tempering, along with mechanical tests for the determination of temper embrittlement (TE), is presented. Various factors involved in the interaction of the TE phenomenon with hydrogen embrittlement and liquid-metal embrittlement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... oxidation resistance. Most oxides exhibit high melting points and remain in a solid state for the temperature range in which the alloys are used. If the oxide is present as a liquid state, catastrophic oxidation can occur. Since many engineering alloys contain many alloying elements for various...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Carburization and metal dusting Corrosion by halogen and hydrogen halides Sulfidation Hot corrosion Molten salt corrosion Liquid metal corrosion and embrittlement Erosion and erosion/corrosion Stress-assisted corrosion and cracking Hydrogen attack Coal-fired boilers Oil-fired...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract Environmentally assisted cracking is a generic term that includes various cracking phenomena such as stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), corrosion fatigue cracking, and liquid-metal embrittlement. This chapter describes these cracking mechanisms beginning with SCC and the factors that...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...-corrosion cracking, liquid metal embrittlement, and surface treatments. corrosion resistance crevice corrosion hydrogen embrittlement localized corrosion stress-corrosion cracking titanium alloys uniform corrosion Corrosion is a process that results in the degradation of a metal or an alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... and slurry casting, liquid metal infiltration, spray deposition, powder metallurgy, extrusion, hot rolling, and forging. The chapter also provides information on continuous-fiber aluminum and titanium composites as well as particle-reinforced titanium and fiber metal (glass aluminum) laminates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... silicon carbide (SiC p ), alumina (Al 2 O 3 ), and titanium diboride (TiB 2 ); and short or chopped fibers (c) of alumina or graphite. Fig. 33.1 Metal-matrix composite reinforcements. Source: Ref 3 The primary MMC fabrication processes are either liquid-phase or solid-state processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... contact with liquid metals such as lithium, sodium, and sodium-potassium. Niobium-base materials, most notably a binary NbTi composition containing 45 to 50% Ti and the intermetallic compound Nb 3 Sn, are used in superconducting applications. The DBTT of commercially pure, polycrystalline niobium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... discontinuous aluminum MMCs include various casting processes, liquid metal infiltration, spray deposition, and PM. Each of these processes is briefly reviewed in the following sections. Particle-reinforced TMCs are processed by PM methods. Although a variety of materials have been...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... or forming operation for metal, ceramic, or plastic shaping. Tool steel properties are only attained after heat treating, normally performed by hardening (quenching) followed by tempering. This class of material is produced according to rigorous melting and processing controls. Therefore, even...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... discussed further, because the requirements for DHC are small amounts of zirconium hydrides and high stress gradients. Zirconium hydrides are not necessarily the result of hydrogen absorption from the environment. The stress sorption mechanism has been proposed to cover liquid-metal embrittlement and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... creep and stress rupture, stress corrosion, and hydrogen embrittlement. brittle fracture ductile fracture ductility residual stress stress-strain curve THE THREE TYPES OF IDEAL SUBSTANCES (as discussed in Chapter 1 ) are the Hooke solid, the St. Venant solid, and the Newtonian liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... atoms. It discusses the difference between interstitial and substitutional solid solutions and the factors that determine the type of solution that two metals are likely to form. It also addresses the development of intermediate phases, the role of free energy, transformation kinetics, liquid-to-solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... embrittlement and cracking in transition metals such as titanium, tantalum, and zirconium. Liquid-metal embrittlement (LME), also known as liquid-metal cracking, is the catastrophic brittle failure of a normally ductile metal when coated with a thin film of a liquid metal and subsequently...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... cooling rates occur during the nucleate boiling stage. During this period, the vapor envelope collapses, and high heat extraction rates are achieved that are associated with nucleate boiling of the quenchant on the metal surface. Heat is rapidly removed from the surface as liquid quenchant contacts the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Stress corrosion cracking All steel Prolonged exposure to a material-specific aggressive environment and sustained tensile stresses Brittle fracture Liquid metal induced embrittlement All steel Molten low- T M metal exposure Ductility decreases Solid metal induced embrittlement All steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... produce a final complex pattern of residual stresses. These factors include thermal expansion/contraction on heating and cooling, a change in volume, and a change from the liquid to the solid state. When a hot solid metal is quenched in water, the surface cools more rapidly than the center and thus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... presence of copper, brass, and lead externally introduced to a metal. The low-melting material becomes liquid in the HAZ as the arc passes and the liquid penetrates the grain boundary, perhaps in the manner of liquid metal embrittlement reactions. This grain-boundary penetration reduces the strength of the...