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liquid flow

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... heat during operation; this is due to the power dissipation associated with the excess current flow at the defect site. There are several thermal detection techniques for failure analysis including liquid-crystal imaging, fluorescent microthermal imaging (FMI), and infrared (IR) thermography. Both...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Impact wear on the striking face of a carpenter’s hammer Fig. 4.31 Impact wear on the striking face of a bronze machinist’s hammer Abstract Abstract This chapter covers common types of erosion, including droplet, slurry, cavitation, liquid impingement, gas flow, and solid particle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... this control. 8.3.1 Solute Redistribution during Solidification 8.3.2 Dendritic Growth 8.3.3 Reactions during Solidification When a region containing solid and liquid is formed, liquid flow may be hindered. This may cause difficulties to the liquid flow necessary to compensate for solidification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Patterns, Liquid Holdup and Pressure Losses Occurring During Continuous Two-Phase Flow in Horizontal Pipelines , J. Pet. Technol. (Trans. AIME) , Vol 240 , June 1967 , p 815 – 828 10.2118/1525-PA 43. Al-Sheikh J.N. et al. , Prediction of Flow Patterns in Horizontal Two-Phase Pipe...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., that experience high rates of fluid flow. Much of the text in this chapter was taken from Ref 2 . If exhaust-valve problems are encountered in liquid-cooled engines, it is desirable to inspect the integrity of the cooling system by sectioning the cylinder head to determine if the liquid-coolant passages...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... is reduced to zero, at which time a shrinkage void will form. Interdendritic feeding takes place in the interval between mass feeding and the point at which sufficient resistance develops that liquid flow through the solidifying dendrite network no longer occurs. Solid feeding occurs when the incipient...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... processes (wear, flow velocity, and/or fatigue) to produce severe attack, usually of a localized nature. Because removal of the protective aluminum oxide film by mechanical processes exposes fresh metal to attack, corrosion occurs at an accelerated rate. Erosion-Corrosion Cavitation Erosion Liquid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... by the two downward-slanted dashed arrows between these dendrites, there must be a flow of the liquid metal to fill in the shrinkage volume generated as the dendrites solidify. In order to produce this liquid flow, the pressure in the liquid at the dendrite tips must be higher than at the dendrite base...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
... characteristics of these joining methods. It presents a comparison between solders and brazes. Further details on pressure welding and diffusion bonding are also provided. The chapter briefly reviews the concepts of surface energy and surface tension, wetting and contact angle, fluid flow, filler spreading...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... modifies the properties of the parent material as it will work-harden when mechanically deformed. Fig. 1.22 Calculated time for molten tin and copper to flow up a perfectly wetted capillary [ Nicholas 1989 ] Fig. 1.21 Effect of temperature on the joint clearance between tubular brass...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... associated with sustaining constant-velocity (constant-strain-rate) pressurized liquid flow through the capillary tube. The plunger pressure causes the molten polymer to extrude at a pressure proportional to the viscosity. Viscosity is calculated by using Poiseuille’s rule, where the viscosity, η (in units...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... and metals or ceramics is that plastics can be melted at relatively low temperatures and formed into a variety of shapes. Advantage can be taken of their non-Newtonian flow behavior in selecting a suitable molding or finishing process. Atoms can be specifically selected to design a polymer with the desired...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... turbulence in the liquid metal flow or can cause air to be inhaled to the interior of the mold cavity, where it mixes with the liquid metal. Dissolved hydrogen and nitrogen in the molten steel can cause a porosity defect such as a pinhole. The extent of gas porosity depends on the amount of these gases...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Predominantly 316L and 17-4PH for most applications Office equipment Automotive Telecommunications Hardware Sporting goods Ornamental dental industry Industrial Water and gas meter parts 316L Filters, liquid and gas 316L, 316L-Si Recording fuel meters 303L Fuel flow meter...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., while the convex side has negative pressure, and the positive pressure forces the particles against the surface, thus leading to erosive wear. This type of erosive wear is common in assemblies involving fluids (liquids or gases), where the design of the parts is such that the fluid flows faster...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... and erode when used, for example, as an impeller in a dishwasher. Thus, if a plastic can tolerate a liquid from the chemical attack standpoint, then it likely can withstand erosion from liquid flow, because plastics do not lose their protective films like stainless steels. Some plastics can resist...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... plate in the furnace where it volatilizes almost instantaneously. The liquid dissociates thermally to provide a carburizing atmosphere. Forced fan circulation serves to distribute the atmosphere evenly throughout the furnace and also provides temperature uniformity. The liquid flow can be adjusted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... sometimes be found if erosion-corrosion occurs intermittently and/or the liquid flow rate is relatively low. Most metals are susceptible to erosion-corrosion under specific conditions. Metals that depend on a relatively thick protective coating of corrosion product for corrosion resistance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... film may become more soluble and/or less resistant to abrasion. Hence, the same flow rates, but at higher temperature, can cause an increase in corrosion rates. Hot gases may oxidize a metal and then, at high velocities, blow the protective film off of the metal. Slurries, present in solids as liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... machine ( Ref 9.8 – 9.10 ). With good control, each vessel for liquid steel offers the opportunity to remove inclusions, but as Fig. 9.3 and 9.4 show, the transfer of liquid steel, flow, and turbulence in the liquid steels, slags, and mold powders that protect liquid steel make up the complex liquid...