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linear expansion

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... temperature-regulating devices. Alloys of iron and nickel have coefficients of linear expansion ranging from a small negative value (–0.5 ppm/°C) to a large positive (20 ppm/°C) value. Figure 1 shows the effect of nickel content on the linear expansion of iron-nickel alloys at room temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This appendix contains a table listing density, thermal conductivity, linear expansion, electrical resistivity, and Young's modulus of various materials. density electrical resistivity linear expansion thermal conductivity Young's modulus ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Table A6.1 Coefficients of linear thermal expansion for carbon and low-alloy steels AISI-SAE grade Treatment or condition Average coefficient of expansion, μm/m · K, at ° C (°F) (a) 20–100 (68–212) 20–200 (68–392) 20–300 (68–572) 20–400 (68–752) 20–500 (68–932) 20–600 (68–1112...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...,” in this book. Fig. 29.14 Coefficient of linear expansion versus nickel content for iron-nickel alloys measured at 68 °F (20 °C). Iron-nickel alloys contain 0.4% Mn and 0.1% C. Source: Ref 8 Cobalt falls between iron and nickel on the periodic table and has many properties that are similar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract This chapter discusses various types of material fracture toughness and the methods by which they are determined. It begins with a review of the basic principles of linear elastic fracture mechanics, covering the Griffith-Irwin theory of fracture, the concept of strain energy release...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... , softening point, coefficient of linear thermal expansion, heat-deflection temperatures (HDT), creep moduli, creep relaxation, degree of cure, viscoelastic behavior, and dilatometric properties. The key thermal properties often considered in the application of engineering plastics include...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.../°C 3.92 Enthalpy at 25 °C, cal/g · atom 465 Heat of transformation (α to β), cal/g · atom 1.80 Entropy (25 °C), cal/g · atom 2.28 Thermal conductivity, W/m · °C 216 Thermal diffusivity (room temperature), m 2 /h 0.18 Temperature coefficient of linear expansion, × 10 –6 /°C...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... upon crack extension is the driving force for fracture in a cracked material under load. This chapter provides a summary of Griffith’s work and the subsequent development of linear elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics. It includes detailed illustrations and examples, familiarizing readers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... affect impact and tensile strength, shrinkage, thermal expansion, and thermal conductivity. It examines the relationship between tensile modulus and temperature, provides thermal property data for selected plastics, and discusses the effect of chemical exposure, operating temperature, and residual stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... expansion and contraction, and sliding velocity, and how they influence friction, lubrication, and wear. The chapter also provides information on forming presses and tooling, tube hydropiercing, and the use of finite elements to determine optimal processing conditions and loading paths. finite element...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.9781627082839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of Plastics Engineers , 1984 , p 311 – 315 134. Jensen W.M. , Controlled Thermal Expansion in Printed Wiring Boards , SAMPE J. , Jan/Feb 1983 , p 58 – 59 135. Sichina W.J. , Gill P.S. , and Baker K.F. , Thermal Analysis for the PC Shop , Circuits Manuf. , Aug...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... strength of the polymer. In these calculations, a modulus invariant with temperature is assumed. The calculations are valid for V f at 10% and greater. Above 10%, σ ‖ is constant ( Ref 10 ). Table 5 Properties of polymers Material Linear coefficient of thermal expansion, 10 −6 /K Tensile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... pushes the atoms apart, increasing their mean spacing. The effect is measured by the linear expansion coefficient: (Eq 6) α = 1 L d l d T where L is a linear dimension of the body (Ref 5) . The relationship between thermal conductivity and thermal expansion is important...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... temperature Metal Density, g/cm 3 Specific heat capacity ( C p ), kJ/kg · K Coefficient of linear thermal expansion, μm/m · K Thermal conductivity, W/m · K Electrical resistivity, nΩ · m Aluminum 2.6989 0.900 22.8 247 26.2 Beryllium 1.848 1.886 9 210 40 Chromium 7.19 0.4598...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Coefficients of thermal expansion are an important design consideration when using WC-Co materials. The linear coefficient of thermal expansion of WC-Co increases with increasing cobalt content ( Fig. 5c ) and is independent of grain size. Typical low-carbon steels, tool steels, and stainless steels have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.9781627083195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... is the initial phase, in which the material will change shape as load is applied. However, when the load is removed, the material returns to its original shape. The relationship between load and deformation in the elastic phase is linear. In most metallic materials, when load is increased further...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... in the material. As a result, the relationship between B and H is not linear and does not make Eq 8.3 very practical to use. While the value of μ r is 1 for vacuum, it is slightly less than 1 for diamagnetic materials and slightly greater than 1 for paramagnetic materials. Ferromagnetic materials have...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
.... , Cambridge University Press , 2010 9.3 McClintock F.W. and Argon A.S. , Mechanical Behavior of Materials , Addison-Wesley , 1966 The two examples above produce linear molecules. Such polymers are said to be thermoplastic because they soften on heating. Table 9.1 gives...