1-20 of 107 Search Results for

light water reactors

Sort by
Image
Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 6.6 Effect of fast neutron fluence under light water reactor (LWR) conditions on mechanical properties of types 304 and 304L stainless steel at 288 °C (550 °F). (a) Fluence dependence of yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, uniform elongation, and reduction in area ( Ref 6.40 ). (b More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract Irradiation-assisted stress-corrosion cracking (IASCC) has been a topic of engineering interest since it was first reported in the 1960s, having been observed in stainless steel cladding on light water reactor fuel elements. This chapter summarizes the results of decades...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter examines the stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) failure of stainless steel pipe welds in boiling water reactor (BWR) service. It explains where most of the failures have occurred and provides relevant details about the materials of construction, fabrication techniques...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... Abstract This chapter describes two types of auxiliary equipment required in most induction heating installations: cooling systems and device timers. Water- and vapor-based systems used for cooling the power supply and the induction coil are described. The chapter concludes with a brief...
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... was selected as a reflector or moderator in nuclear reactors. Quantities of beryllium used in reactors ranged from a few kilograms in systems for nuclear auxiliary power devices to 1600 kg in the Advanced Test Reactor at Idaho National Laboratory. Until the cessation of nuclear weapon construction, large...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Abstract This chapter reviews weld corrosion in three key application areas: petroleum refining and petrochemical operations, boiling water reactor piping systems, and components used in pulp and paper plants. The discussion of each area addresses general design and service characteristics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... environments of nuclear light-water reactors is discussed later in this chapter. Effects of Environmental Variables Temperature is an important variable in determining whether chloride SCC will occur. The traditional engineering viewpoint, based on practical experience ( Ref 4.53 ), has been...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., metal surfaces covered with (oftentimes, sulfur-containing) corrosion products will be exposed to air and moisture. This can lead to pitting and other forms of localized corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking unless preventive measures are implemented. When equipment is washed with water during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... Abstract This chapter covers the failure modes and mechanisms of concern in hydroprocessing reactor vessels and the methods used to assess lifetime and performance. It begins with a review of the materials used in the construction of pressure-vessel shells, the challenges they face...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., bromides, iodides, and fluorides), sulfur-bearing compounds (such as H2S and sulfur-oxyanions), high-temperature and supercritical water, and caustics (such as NaOH), while accounting for temperature, composition, microstructure, properties, environmental contaminants, and other factors. The chapter also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and allows fabrication with common shop equipment. Zirconium and hafnium are used in water-cooled nuclear reactors, but they serve different functions. Zirconium allows passage of thermal neutrons, while hafnium impedes their passage. It is also used in nuclear control rods as a neutron-absorbing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... Resistant to chemical fumes and occasional mild chemical splash and spillage. Minimal chalking and little if any darkening upon prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light Not suitable for water immersion or any substantial acid or alkaline chemical exposure. Used principally as topcoats over epoxies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... in aqueous corrosion. Nitrate and chromate ions are comparatively innocuous unless present in amounts sufficient to substantially increase the conductivity of the water [ Darwin and Buddery 1960b ]. Cupric and ferric ions can exert a strongly corrosive effect. The normally passive beryllium oxide film...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... made of special copper alloy, and a base water-cooled layer of special stainless steel. Fig. 4.7 Beryllium is used in the blanket wall of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor Organization fusion reactor. Source: Ref 4.3 Flat-Rolled Products Sheet, plate, and foil...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... oxygen—that is, a simulated light water reactor environment ( Ref 2.179 ). No influence of oxygen and nitrogen has been reported for SCC in hydrogen sulfide solutions ( Ref 2.162 ). Nitrogen levels below 0.01% promote SCC of steels in nitrate solutions, but higher levels appear to be beneficial ( Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... is baked to drive off the water. A fine, white Al 2 O 3 powder is formed as the final product of the refining process. The particle size of this smelter grade alumina (SGA) is critical in the next phase of the aluminum production process: smelting. Fig. 2.3 Bayer refining process. (a) Crushing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... substrate to provide a smooth surface and control its electrical conductivity. The coated substrate is then chemically vapor deposited using a mixture of silane and hydrogen gases. When the substrate exits the reactor, a thin layer of carbon and silicon carbide is applied to provide improved handleability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract Optoelectronic components can be readily classified as active light-emitting components (such as semiconductor lasers and light emitting diodes), electrically active but non-emitting components, and inactive components. This chapter focuses on the first category, and particularly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of potassium hydroxide. The cooled melt was dissolved in water and the silica removed by filtration. The filtrate was diluted with potassium hydroxide solution and boiled to precipitate beryllium hydroxide contaminated with a trace of aluminum hydroxide. The precipitate was dissolved in hydrochloric acid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... that is not absorbed by the object impinges on a detector such as film. The unabsorbed radiation exposes the film emulsion, similar to the way that light exposes film in photography. Development of the film produces an image that is a two-dimensional shadow picture of the object. Variations in density, thickness...