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light photomicrograph

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
...Abstract Abstract This appendix contains a table that correlates magnification values with true distance per centimeter as observed in light photomicrographs. light photomicrograph magnification ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Photomicrograph of 1260 °C (2300 °F), hydrogen sintered 434L showing a mixed microstructure of coarse and fine grains. Glyceregia etch Fig. 20 Photomicrograph of 1316 °C (2400 °F), hydrogen sintered 409LNi showing martensitic (light colored) and ferritic grains (dark colored). Columbium compounds...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the tools and techniques of light microscopy and how they are used in the study of materials. It reviews the basic physics of light, the inner workings of light microscopes, and the relationship between resolution and depth of field. It explains...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.9781627083126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the methods and equipment applicable to metallographic studies and discusses the preparation of specimens for examination by light optical microscopy. Five major operations for preparation of metallographic specimens are discussed: sectioning, mounting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
.... Samuels L.E. , Light Microscopy of Carbon Steel , ASM International , 1999 2. Properties and Selection: Irons and Steels , Vol 1 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , American Society for Metals , 1978 3. Nondestructive Inspection and Quality Control , Vol 11 , Metals Handbook , 8th...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., or paint discoloration. Proper lighting and low-power magnifiers (five to ten times) can help with visual inspection. Borescopes and mirrors are often used if the area to be inspected is hidden from direct view. Edge delaminations and tight surface cracks can be enhanced by taking a clean cotton cloth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... torches control the operating characteristics of the welding flame and enable the flame to be manipulated during welding. The choice of torch size and style depends on the work to be performed. Aircraft welding torches, for example, are small and light to permit ease of handling. Most torch styles permit...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... transformation diagram for type 430 ferritic stainless steel Fig. 16 Autogenous weld microstructure of ASTM A-268, Grade 430 tubing. Light phase—ferrite, dark phase—martensite. Vilella’s etch. (a) 50× and (b) 500×. Source: Ref 30 Fig. 15 Effect of tempering temperature on the hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... While this approach may work for some structures, it is usually necessary to balance the load-carrying capability in a number of different directions, such as the 0°, +45°, –45°, and 90° directions. Figure 1.10 shows a photomicrograph of a cross-plied continuous carbon fiber/epoxy laminate. A balanced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... light tan to brown to purple to blue to blue-green to green-tan. The effective and total depths of decarburization are measured at 100X based on the observed colors. The effective depth occurs at the start of the blue zone and corresponds to a hardness of about 820 HV (Vickers hardness) on a fully...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... absorption. However, paint systems are useful in protecting composite structures from ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Ultraviolet radiation is the band of light from 300 to about 4000 Å. It can cause degradation through molecular weight change and crosslinking in the resin system. However, this damage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... , Advances in the Fabrication of Titanium Matrix Composite , Mater. Sci. Eng. Vol A263 , 1999 , p 314 – 318 10.1016/S0921-5093(98)01162-9 Most of the commercial work on MMCs has focused on aluminum as the matrix metal. Aluminum’s combination of light weight, environmental resistance, and useful...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... Association and Aluminum Extruders Council , 1996 14. Ekenes M.J. and Wagstaff F.E. , Expanding Capabilities of the AirSlip Air-Casting Process , Light Met. Age , Vol 43 , April 1985 15. Brock J.A. and Avery R.R. , Production of High Strength Aluminum Alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... with a single piece stepped punch, unetched. Source: Ref 1 In photomicrographs of unetched part cross sections, microlaminations such as those shown in Fig. 3 appear as layers of unsintered interparticle boundaries that are oriented in planes normal to the punch axis. They can be the result of fine...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... constituents exhibit large differences in light reflectivity after polishing, the desired microstructure, or certain features of the microstructure, can be observed in the as-polished condition under bright-field illumination without recourse to subsequent treatments such as etching. Constituents that differ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
..., isothermally transformed at 705 °C. 250 HV. (g) 10% ammonium persulfate. 1000×. (h) Viewed in polarized light. 10% ammonium persulfate. 1000×. (i) Surface topography of pearlite after etching. Fig. 6.6 (Part 2) (e) and (f) Austenitized at 940 °C, slowly cooled. Transmission electron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7