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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
...Abstract Abstract Deformation within a crystal lattice is governed principally by the presence of dislocations, which are two-dimensional defects in the lattice structure. Slip from shear stress is the most common deformation mechanism within crystalline lattices of metallic materials, although...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... on crystalline structure, providing information on space lattices and crystal systems, hexagonal close-packed systems, and face-centered and body-centered cubic systems. The chapter then covers slip systems and closes with a brief section on allotropic transformations that occur at a constant temperature during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract In a perfect crystalline structure, there is an orderly repetition of the lattice in every direction in space. Real crystals contain a considerable number of imperfections, or defects, that affect their physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. Defects play...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... It presents four rules that give a qualitative estimate of the ability of two metals to form substitutional solid solutions: relative size factor, chemical affinity factor, relative valency factor, and lattice type factor. The chapter provides information on alloys that form an ordered structure during...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Diffusion is the movement of atoms through the crystalline lattice. This chapter discusses the two main types of diffusion that can occur in solids: interstitial diffusion and substitutional diffusion. It describes Fick's first and second laws of diffusion, with emphasis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240625
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract This appendix explains how to calculate atomic packing factors, lattice parameters, and coordination numbers for cubic crystal structures, including simple, body-centered, and face-centered cubic systems. It also addresses hexagonal close-packed systems. atomic packing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...Abstract Abstract This appendix provides a detailed overview of the crystal structure of metals. It describes primary bonding mechanisms, space lattices and crystal systems, unit cell parameters, slip systems, and crystallographic planes and directions as well as plastic deformation mechanisms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56020001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-389-8
..., and how they respond to applied stresses and strains. The chapter makes extensive use of graphics to illustrate crystal lattice structures and related concepts such as vacancies and interstitial sites, ion migration, volume expansion, antisite defects, edge and screw dislocations, slip planes, twinning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... for a given metal-environment system usually can only be inferred. It goes on to describe how such curves are constructed, demonstrating the procedures for a wide range of alloys and environments. The examples also show how factors such as alloy concentration, crystal lattice orientation, temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
...Characteristics of aluminum and silicon crystals Table 1.1 Characteristics of aluminum and silicon crystals Element Crystal lattice Elementary cell Interatomic bonds α sJ ( Ref 4 ) Crystallization front topography System Pearson symbol symmetry Bravais lattice Strukturbericht...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... Al 7 Cr, Al 13 Cr 2 , θ 4 , 5 , 7 , 8 θ Cr Al 3 Cr, ν ν Cr Al 9 Cr 4 , αAl 9 Cr 4 , βAl 9 Cr 4 , γAl 9 Cr 4 α Cr , β Cr , γ Cr Al 8 Cr 5 , αAl 8 Cr 5 , βAl 8 Cr 5 8 , 10 , 11 … Characteristics of the crystal lattice of intermetallic phases in the Al-Cr system...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... consists of a mixture of liquid and solid metal. Fig. 24 Aluminum-rich corner of the aluminum-copper phase diagram. The shaded area represents the equilibrium condition of copper completely dissolved in the face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice of aluminum. Fig. 25 Equilibrium binary solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-copper phase diagram, showing the liquidus and solidus lines. The freezing range between these two lines consists of a mixture of liquid and solid metal. Fig. 2.12 Point defects: A, interstitial atom; B, vacancy; C, foreign atom in lattice site Fig. 2.13 Section through an edge...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.9781627082518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56020013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-389-8
...</italic> Lattice Problem 6: Tetrahedral Interstitial Site in a <italic>bcc</italic> Lattice Problem 7: Thermal Expansion and Vacancy Concentration Problem 8: Marking Dislocations Problem 9: Screw Dislocation Problem 10: Edge Dislocation Problem 11: Impurity and Edge Dislocation Problem 12...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.9781627083898
EISBN: 978-1-62708-389-8
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... Miller’s indices for space lattices. (a) Designation of lattice planes. (b) Examples of planes in the cubic lattice. (c) Examples of directions in the cubic lattice Fig. 4.63 Representation of textures in pole figures. [111] pole figure from the section core of an extruded AlCuMg bar [Moe 75...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Evidence , Acta Metall. , Vol 20 , 1972 , p 1281 – 1289 10.1016/0001-6160(72)90059-4 5.5 Cohen M. , The Strengthening of Steel , Trans. TMS-AIME , Vol 224 , 1962 , p 638 – 656 5.6 Cheng L. , Bouger A. , de Keijser Th. H. , and Mittemeyer E.J. , Lattice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of the coordinate system. This is permissible because the coordinate system chosen is an arbitrary one that could be chosen anywhere on the vast expanse of a space lattice, and, as will be seen, parallel planes are equivalent. The a , b , and c intercepts of the plane with the x , y , and z coordinates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... order from that of the initial single-phase (parent) phase and the resultant product matrix. The matrix retains the same crystal structure as the initial one-phase parent but with a different equilibrium composition (α, β, or I) and usually a different lattice parameter than the parent phase...