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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Abstract This chapter covers the practical aspects of machining, particularly for turning, milling, drilling, and grinding operations. It begins with a discussion on machinability and its impact on quality and cost. It then describes the dimensional and surface finish tolerances that can...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter covers basic machining and assembly operations, with an emphasis on hole preparation for mechanical fasteners. It describes manual, power feed, and automated drilling techniques as well as reaming and countersinking. It discusses various types of fasteners, including...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... and cutting processes. Conventional machining methods include turning, face milling, peripheral end milling, and climb cutting; drilling; tapping; reaming; wheel grinding, belt grinding, abrasive cutting, and hand abrasive grinding; hack sawing; and band sawing. Widely used nontraditional methods include...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... types of lasers. The Nd:YAG lasers operate at wavelengths of 1.06 μm, and are widely used for welding and drilling operations. The CO 2 lasers have the highest commercially available power and operate in the infrared range, frequently at a wavelength of 10.6 μm, while the more recently developed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... to the hidden factory. The costs associated with scrap and rework can be huge, especially when considered over time. Consider the LANTIRN laser Raman cell example at the end of Chapter 1 . This was a manufacturing process yield problem. The manufacturer in that case tolerated it at 10% but found...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... It describes the basic machining requirements for titanium in terms of tool geometry and materials, machine setup rigidity, cutting speeds and feed rates, and surface conditions, and explains how the requirements are met in practice in milling, turning, drilling, surface grinding, and broaching operations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... are no exception to this rule. Secondary processes that are most commonly applied to PM stainless steels include machining (including drilling and tapping), pore sealing (by impregnation with organic fillers), coining or re-pressing, and joining (typically welding or brazing). Unlike many other PM steels, PM...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... and extend the life of cutting tools based on the material of construction, the use of cutting fluids, and the means of lubrication. It presents various methods for evaluating workpiece materials, chip formation, wear, and surface finish in cutting processes such as turning, milling, and drilling. It also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... Abstract This chapter discusses the fusion welding processes, namely oxyfuel gas welding, oxyacetylene braze welding, stud welding (stud arc welding and capacitor discharge stud welding), high-frequency welding, electron beam welding, laser beam welding, hybrid laser arc welding, and thermit...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
...), CO 2 , and excimer. An excellent review of the operation and characteristics of the various types of lasers is presented by Bass ( Ref 22.50 ). The Nd:YAG lasers operate at wavelengths of 1.06 μm and are widely used for welding and drilling applications. The CO 2 lasers have the highest power...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Localized surface hardening (flame, induction, laser, and electron-beam hardening) Improved wear resistance through the development of a hard martensitic surface Laser melting Improved wear resistance through grain refinement and the formation of fine dispersions of precipitates Shot peening...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr are used for offshore drilling applications and geothermal piping. As a result of their specialized usage, alloys for high-performance applications normally are processed to more stringent and costly requirements than unalloyed titanium for corrosion service. Historically, titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... are approximately 67 HRC. Selective hardening: Selected parts of a material, such as a particular surface or profile on a gear tooth, can be locally heated with flame, induction, laser, electron beam, and so on to raise it to the austenitizing temperature. With quenching, a selected area on a part can be made...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... in the metal casting field are Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM) ( Figures 8-3 and 8-4 ), Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), Stereolithography (SLA) ( Figure 8-5 ) and Selective Laser Sintering Process (SLS) ( Figures 8-6 and 8-7 ). These processes enable the building of complex, three-dimensional models...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mbheaktmse.t56030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-418-5
.... Another method of fabricating bulk HEAs is by additive manufacturing (AM) ( Ref 78 , 79 ). Recently, scientists fabricated HEAs by selective laser melting ( Ref 80 ), directed energy deposition ( Ref 81 ), electron beam melting ( Ref 82 ), binder jetting ( Ref 83 ), three-dimensional (3D) ink-extrusion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... to enter. Another example is the short precipitation-age heat treatment used on nickel-base superalloys developed for oil field applications. The oil field industry requires drill bits to dig into the earth under harsh conditions. These drill bits must be hard for good digging capability and wear life...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... factors such as equipment costs, load factor, and applications for cutting thinner plates and nonferrous metals. Laser Beam Cutting Industrial lasers are used for drilling, heat treating, cladding, surfacing, and marking/etching. However, the greatest use of lasers is in metal cutting, primarily...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
.... The chapter also covers ion implantation and laser alloying. anodizing conversion coating diffusion coating pack cementation SURFACE TREATMENTS that change the surface chemistry of a metal or alloy, but that do not involve intentional buildup or increase in part dimension, include...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... generate particles, generate shocks that can move particles, or cause breakage that will confuse the FA process. Finding the particle through the package is ideal. If the cap over the MEMS is Si and not too heavily doped or too thick, and the particle is big enough, IR confocal scanning laser microscopy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... are prone to slurry erosion. However, from the practical standpoint, slurries that may need erosion-control considerations are chemical manufacturing slurries, mining slurries, downhole slurries used in oil drilling, dredging slurries, and the like. When such slurries are studied in the lab, it is common...