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laser chemical vapor deposition

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... widely used for flame cutting, and even lasers are used for cutting sheet and thin plate. Chemical machining is the oldest of the chipless machining processes. The first recorded work was observed in approximatively 1000 A.D., mostly involving various forms of art. It has also been used for many...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... laser and electron beams. The chapter compares methods and includes several example applications. chemical vapor deposition electron beam melting ion implantation laser melting low-pressure carburizing physical vapor deposition plasma carburizing plasma nitriding salt bath coating surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... protective linings barrier protection chemical inhibition galvanic protection surface preparation inspection quality assurance electroplating electroless plating hot dipping thermal spraying cladding pack cementation vapor deposition ion implantation laser processing COATINGS are the most...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... film by atom-sized energetic particles to modify and control the composition and properties of the depositing film [ Mattox 1998 ]. The source of the material to be deposited can be evaporation, sputtering, arc erosion, laser ablation, or other evaporation sources. The energetic particles used for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... stamping tools Diffusion techniques Applied energy techniques Coating/surface modifications Nitriding Thermal diffusion Flame hardening Induction hardening Laser beam hardening Hard chrome plating Chemical vapor deposition Physical vapor deposition Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... have only elementary understanding of device operation, or of reasonable and likely failure mechanisms. They might see small pieces of dust on the top of a laser, for example, and conclude that the diffusion of chemicals from the dust killed the laser. Or they might suggest that the particle represents...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... chemically pure grade. In both the acid and dichromate baths, hydrofluoric acid content is most critical and must be carefully controlled. After proper activation, titanium can be plated in a standard acid copper sulfate bath. The adhesion of the deposited copper is better than that of 60-40 solder to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... known continuous beam, including laser beams. The high power density plus the extremely small intrinsic penetration of electrons in a solid workpiece result in almost instantaneous local melting and vaporization of the workpiece material. That characteristic distinguishes electron beam welding from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... stopping point, unless the IC was fabricated on a silicon on insulator (SOI) substrate. Many methodologies have been incorporated to rapidly remove the silicon substrate in a local area for this step, including laser assisted chemical etching (LACE) [12] , reactive ion etching (RIE), and mechanical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... grinding (EDG) Electron beam machining (EBM) Laser beam machining (LBM) Thermal energy method (TEM) Chemical Chemical milling (CM) Photochemical machining (PCM) General-purpose machine tools include lathes, milling machines, drill presses, and similar machines normally found in tool rooms and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... chapter also covers ion implantation and laser alloying. anodizing conversion coating diffusion coating pack cementation SURFACE TREATMENTS that change the surface chemistry of a metal or alloy, but that do not involve intentional buildup or increase in part dimension, include...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... in Table 4 . In addition to the torch and arc welding methods listed in Table 4 , high-energy laser beam welding can be used to alloy the surface by adding alloy powders to the weld pool. Table 4 Weld-overlay processes Process Approximate deposit thickness (min), mm Deposition rate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... overlays, thermal spraying, and various deposition technologies. ceramic coating chemical vapor deposition cladding corrosion resistance electroless plating electroplating hot dip metallic coating physical vapor deposition thermal spraying weld overlays THE SURFACE-ENGINEERING METHODS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... , Mater. Sci. Eng. A , Vol 243 , 1998 , p 1 – 24 10.1016/S0921-5093(97)00776-4 • Semiatin S.L. et al. , Plastic Flow and Microstructure Evolution during Thermomechanical Processing of Laser-Deposited Ti-6Al-4V Preforms , Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol 32 , 2002 , p 1801 – 1811...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... stearates, stearic acid, or magnesium stearate, as well as phosphates and sulfonates, to adjust viscosity, lubricate tooling, disperse particles, or induce binder wetting of the powder. In the case of binders deposited via ink jet printing, the binder contains solvents to lower the viscosity for easier...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... cold spray, in order to deposit metal coatings it was necessary to either dissolve the metals in a chemical bath (plating), melt them (thermal spray coating), or vaporize them (vapor deposition). Now, under the proper conditions, metals can be rapidly deposited in the solid state, and thus, undesirable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... for steels for improved wear resistance in tooling applications Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) Improved wear (e.g., tools and dies), erosion, and corrosion resistance; also used for epitaxial growth of semiconductors Physical vapor deposition (PVD) Improved wear (e.g., tools and dies) and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... or shadow size, maximum length, mass, or volume. It is best to clarify the assumed particle shape (usually spherical) and measured parameter. Light scattering is the most frequent means for measuring particle size. The devices are automated and fast. Here, laser techniques are emphasized due to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... Local hardening by flame, induction, laser, or electron beam is usually a lower-cost alternative than through-hardening, and it can do the same job if the material is suitable (such as 1045 to 1095 steel). Diffusion treatments such as carburizing and nitriding can create surfaces just as wear resistant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Chemical Process Industries, MTI Publ. No. 15, 1985 , p 108 , 1985 18.2 Marr J. , Ginzel R. , and Pennie J. , “ Hand Held Ultrasonic Sizing of Stress Corrosion Cracking ,” 3rd Middle East Nondestructive Testing Conference , Nov 2005 , Bahrain 18.3 Ochiai M. , Laser...