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laps

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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.58 Forging laps detected by surface crack examinations. Extensive decarburization of the lap region can be noticed when observing the reduction of the pearlite volume fraction. Etchant: nital 2%. Courtesy of M.M. Souza, Neumayer-Tekfor, Jundiaí, SP, Brazil. More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 12.51 Longitudinal cross section of fasteners presenting rolling folds or laps in different extents and locations. (a) Lap in the thread crest. (b) Lap close to the thread crest. (c) Lap in the thread root. More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-11 Macroetching of a Ti-6Al-4V forging revealed grain flow and a forging lap (1¼×; etchant, solution of 10 mL HF, 15 mL HNO 3 , and 75 mL H 2 O for 2 min at room temperature). (Courtesy of J. A. Hendrickson, Wyman-Gordon Co.) More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 3-46 Oxygen enrichment at a forging lap revealed using Fine’s alkaline chromate etch (16 g CrO 3 , 80 g NaOH, and 145 mL water), 37×. More
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Published: 01 August 2005
Fig. 3.60 Typical locations for fretting fatigue cracking. (a) Bolted flange. (b) Lap joint. (c) Interference-fit fastener, shims, or gaskets can reduce fretting. More
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Published: 01 November 2011
Fig. 6.12 Lap joining by (a) double-sided tool indentation and (b) single-sided tool indentation. Source: Ref 6.8 More
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Published: 01 November 2011
Fig. 8.5 Fastener cocking in single-lap shear. Source: Ref 8.2 More
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Published: 01 November 2011
Fig. 9.8 Typical single-lap shear test specimen. Source: Ref 9.1 More
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Published: 01 November 2011
Fig. 10.9 Fastener cocking in single-lap shear joint. Source: Ref 10.3 More
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Published: 01 November 2011
Fig. 10.18 Lap shear strength comparison of different joining methods. Source: Ref 10.5 More
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Published: 01 February 2005
Fig. 16.2 Lap prediction using process modeling tool More
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Published: 01 July 2009
Fig. 23.15 Ultimate shear stress versus test temperature for lap-shear specimens of beryllium brazed to beryllium. Source: Marschall 1990 More
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Published: 01 July 2009
Fig. 23.30 Variations of lap joints for diffusion bonding. Source: Hauser et al. 1965 More
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Published: 01 July 2009
Fig. 24.3 Examples of possible shear-lap configurations. Source: Snogren 1970 More
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Published: 01 July 2009
Fig. 24.9 Illustrations of two mechanical fastener, shearloaded joints. (a) Lap joint. (b) Butt-type (or double-lap) joint. Source: Messler 1993b More
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Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 17 Voids resulting from lack of fill between the faying surfaces of a lap joint between two sheets of Hastelloy X brazed with BNi-1 filler metal. Unetched. 16.5 ×. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.56 Forging lap in a bar of ASTM A564 UNS 17400 (17-4PH) stainless steel. Transverse cross section. (There is an etching stain close to the lap caused by liquid retained inside the lap during the preparation process). Etchant: 2000 ml H 2 O + 300 ml H 2 O 2 + 350 ml HCl + 50 ml HNO 3 More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.57 Forging lap. (a) Macrograph. (b) Ferrite, pearlite. Decarburization and oxides inside the discontinuity. Etchant: nital 2%. (c) Extensive decarburization and presence of oxides in the discontinuity. Etchant: nital 2%. Courtesy of M.M. Souza, Neumayer-Tekfor, Jundiaí, SP, Brazil. More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.59 Surface lap in hot rolled product, containing oxide particles inside the lap. For the metallography, the sample was mounted in contact with another plate (top, in the figure) to preserve the surface area to avoid rounding it during grinding and polishing. More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 6.18 Lap shear strength comparison of different joining methods. Source: Ref 2 More