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laboratory equipment

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... analysis. An image analysis system can be justified when large numbers of grain size and volume fraction measurements are required. Chapter 4 introduced the basic equipment required for typical large and small metallographic laboratories. These laboratories are designed to include facilities for sample...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... equipment. The factors covered are product characteristics, nature of the flaws, extraneous variables, rate of inspection, end effect, mill versus laboratory inspection, specification requirements, equipment costs, and operating costs. References References 1. Nondestructive Inspection of Tubular...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... favorable traits that makes them uniquely well suited for non-destructive evaluation and testing: These characteristics have made X-ray inspection systems a critical non-destructive imaging and analysis tool in the failure analysis laboratories. Most of the commercial X-ray equipment are projection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... was a contract research operation; it performed research for industry and government agencies on a fixed-fee basis. Battelle supplied the research staff and laboratory equipment, and the contractor paid for services. In this manner, companies, associations, and the government who did not have the appropriate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... development, washing, and drying equipment. A refrigerator should be nearby to store film and darkroom chemicals. Many metallographic laboratories have replaced their film development facilities by using digital cameras mounted on a microscope. Near the observation area, an image analysis system...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... expensive piece of equipment in a high-end FA laboratory and it cost around $100K. Today, new-generation FE-SEMs with associated EDX detection unit cost $500K-800K and some specialized tools (e.g. FIBs, TEM, high-speed electrical characterization testers, laser voltage probing etc.) can cost in excess...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Protection of Samples The procedures followed in the preliminary laboratory examination will vary, depending on whether an on-site examination has already been performed by the failure analyst and on the completeness of any such examination. An on-site examination by a well-equipped investigator...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... implemented through detailed procedures, with engineered controls preferentially applied over administrative controls or personnel protective equipment (PPE), which are normally considered a last line of defense. A key engineering control is the use of ventilation, including laboratory hoods, glove boxes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... that can be detrimental to equipment and facilities. In other cases, the corrosion sensors can directly initiate corrective action. Finally, tests are conducted in the laboratory under controlled conditions in order to validate various corrosion mechanisms and models of corrosion behavior. Laboratory...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... and environmental approaches, and chemical and composition analysis for assessing material characteristics. This chapter is a detailed account of the working principle and the steps involved in these techniques and technologies. analytical equipment chemical analysis composition analysis dimensional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... of the Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University A common problem on military aircraft is wear due to chafing around fastener holes in skin panels. This chafing results in skin panels that exceed fit tolerances at the fastener locations. A B-1 bomber left upper aft forward equipment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... measurement and more detailed examination. ASTM G 4 ( Ref 1 ) was designed to provide guidance for this type of testing. Although they are not intended to replace laboratory tests, plant coupon tests usually are designed to monitor the damage rate occurring on existing equipment, to evaluate alternative...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... ,” UCRL-AR-144636-Rev-2, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory , Livermore, CA Goyer R.A. , and Clarkson T.W. , 2001 . Toxic Effects of Metals, Chap. 23 , Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology—The Basic Science of Poison , Klaassen C.D. , Ed., McGraw-Hill , New York, NY...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... application. The chapter discusses the primary causes of corrosion problems and inhibition in waterfloods and provides an overview of bacteria-induced corrosion. Various laboratory testing methods of corrosion inhibitors and the methods used to monitor corrosion rates and inhibitor effectiveness are also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... the past years, there have been significant advancements in the equipment and consumables used for preparing samples for optical microscopy analysis. More companies have entered into this market, and quality grinding and polishing equipment is becoming more affordable. In many laboratories, the use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... THIS SECTION CONTAINS details of various cases selected from a large number of failure investigations carried out at the National Aerospace Laboratories in the last four decades. These cases were referred by various organizations from aerospace and non-aerospace sectors. The spectrum of failures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter presents the primary considerations and mechanisms for corrosion and how they are involved in the selection of materials for process equipment in petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
....) Compatibility with existing equipment or fluids Maintainability Specification coverage Availability of design data Experience base with this or similar materials Selection considerations Expected total life or plant or process Estimated service life of material Reliability (safety...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Test Sites • G 96, Practice for On-Line Monitoring of Corrosion in Plant Equipment (Electrical and Electrochemical Methods) • G 97, Test Method for Laboratory Evaluation of Magnesium Sacrificial Anode Test Specimens for Underground Applications • G 100, Method for Conducting Cyclic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., Rockwell, or Scleroscope. Because of the required degree of precision for both equipment and operation, microhardness testing is usually, although not necessarily, performed in a laboratory. However, such a laboratory is often a process control laboratory and may be located close to production...