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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 15.21 Steel containing C = 0.64% and Mn = 0.82% for shear knives, subjected to controlled rolling. Fine pearlite with little pro-eutectoid ferrite. The accelerated cooling at the end of the rolling process has prevented the formation of pro-eutectoid ferrite (for this manganese content More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 1.1 Stainless steel knife with a handle made of a modern day equivalent of Duralumin. Courtesy of Gary Randall, Randall Made Knives More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract This appendix discusses the general characteristics, composition, phase transformations, and properties of commercial stainless steels used for making high-quality knives. chemical composition knives phase transformation Sandvik 12C27 stainless steel Uddeholm AEB-L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... steel could not be made but agreed to make some cheese knives. He first worked on some small samples with varying success, but then, with Brearley’s help, forged and heat treated approximately 125 pounds of Firth’s Aeroplane Steel, as it was called then, into knives that were found to be just fine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
..., Hollander knives, knives for cutting glue, surgical and dental instruments, and metal mirrors.” He also noted that: The reaction to Strauss’ presentation during the symposium is not known, but it must have been well received. Within four years, this austenitic alloy was being made in the United States...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... Fig. 11 Surgical and dental instruments illustrated in the Firth-Sterling book, 1923 Fig. 12 Golf clubs illustrated in the Firth-Sterling book, 1923 The book also had a photograph of stainless steel tableware, although the photograph was only of stainless steel knives and forks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... not insurmountable. In June 1914, Brearley happened to be introduced to Ernest Stuart, who was the cutlery manager at the firm of Messrs. R.E. Moseley in Sheffield. Mr. Stuart was skeptical that a rustless steel could possibly exist, but he agreed to work the small sample provided into a few cheese knives...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... 53–56 7.14 0.281 5.72 0.225 0.60–0.70 1.60–2.00 53–56 15.9 0.625 12.7 0.50 1.0 + 0.4–0.6 Cr 0.40–0.60 57–60 7.92 0.312 6.35 0.250 Source: Ref 12.10 Austempering should be an attractive method of hardening steels for knives, because the thin geometry lends itself...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
..., the forerunner of AISI 420, for cutlery. The alloy was a natural fit for hardened knives, and his employers were in Sheffield, England, the capital of tool and knife making. Brearley was credited with starting the first production of hardenable stainless. The British military found that Brearley’s alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... application in airplane construction. Alloy 2017 also has been used in components for general engineering purposes, structural applications in construction and transportation, screw machine products, and fittings. A modern example of where Duralumin is used is in the handle of stainless steel knives ( Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... in 1913, one of his first ideas was that the metal may be useful in the cutlery trade. Sheffield was the center of the cutlery trade in England and had been so since the 14th century. Brearley was well aware that the cleaning and sharpening of knives was a continual household chore, principally because...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of the nanocrystalline elements of the structure of copper. The hardened copper became useful as a tool, and thus the Copper Age was born. Knives could be fabricated for agricultural uses and for cutting the flesh of fish and game. However, such knives were generally useless for the penetration of hides or the cutting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... is the conversion of hard brittle martensite into products that are more ductile but not as hard as as-quenched martensite. The amount of tempering increases with higher temperatures ( Fig. 7.9 ). More tempering is required for hammers, which must be able to sustain impact loading, than for knives, which must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... steels is in cutlery. Hunting knives, sport knives, and chefs’ cutting tools are highly valued items and contain some of the most sophisticated martensitic stainless alloys. While 420 is the common alloy and is quite serviceable, much more wear- and corrosion-resistant alloys exist. At one time, 440C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... problem ( Ref 2 ). In cutting tools, such as various types of knives, blades, and the like, increasing the hardness may indeed make the cutting tool more resistant to dulling of the sharp edge. However, increasing the hardness also increases the chance of brittle fracture of the cutting tool itself...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... or cold to produce weapons, armor, knives, and numerous items for everyday life. One of the most interesting objects made with wrought iron is the Ashoka Pillar in New Delhi, India ( FIG. 1.1 ). It is at least 1600 years old and is 16 inches in diameter, 24 feet high, and weighs approximately seven tons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... for particular alloys, it is best to consult the technical data provided by the supplier.) Optimal steels for stainless knives Table 13.8 Optimal steels for stainless knives Steel %C %Cr %Si %Mn Sandvik 12C27 0.60 13.5 0.4 0.4 Uddeholm AEB-L 0.65 12.8 0.4 0.65 From...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... resistance in some media. This grade has good oxidation resistance up to approximately 680 °C (1250 °F) in continuous service. Scaling becomes excessive above 760 °C (1400 °F). Beater bars, fasteners, gage parts, mild springs, mining equipment, scissors, scraper knives, shafts, spindles, and valve seats...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.9781627083560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
..., produces 50 tons of cutlery stainless steel. Stainless Table Knives First Made Table knife blades are forged from the first chromium steel cast by Thomas Firth & Sons of Sheffield. The blades are made of Harry Brearley’s 12% chromium steel and are stamped with the following information...