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kinematics

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes incremental sheet forming processes, including single-point, two-point, and kinematic (two tool) techniques. It provides information on the tooling and equipment used, work flow and forming parameters, process mechanics and forming limits. It also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... reverse loading by isotropic hardening Kinematic Hardening Law The kinematic hardening law states that the initial yield surface translates in the stress space with further loading without changing its size to model the strain-hardening behavior in the multiaxial stress state. This can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... the kinematic relationships (shape, velocities, strain rates, and strain) between the undeformed part (billet or preform) and the deformed part (final forged product), i.e., predict the metal flow during the forming operation. Establish the limits of formability or producibility, i.e., determine whether...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... or finish forging), such design essentially consists of (a) establishing the kinematic relationships (shape, velocities, strain rates, strains) between the deformed and undeformed part, i.e., predicting metal flow, (b) establishing the limits of formability or producibility, i.e., determining whether...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 23 January 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stemsem.9781627082921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-292-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
...) Process kinematic. Source: Ref 12.2 Additional novel applications of flow forming include the split forming of flat disks, as illustrated in Fig. 12.27 . Research in flow forming often focuses on the improvement of tolerances and on warm forming of difficult-to-form alloys, such as magnesium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... of gear ... ν 40 Kinematic viscosity at 40 °C (105 °F) cSt ρ 1 Transverse radius of curvature of pinion in. ρ 2 Transverse radius of curvature of gear in. ρ M Density lb/in .3 ρ n Normal relative radius of curvature in. σ Root-mean-square composite surface roughness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... of the applied shear stress in the fluid to the rate of shear. Kinematic viscosity describes the flow of fluid due to the effects of gravity (the time for fluid to run out of a cup that has a hole in the bottom). The two are related by density (d): Kinematic viscosity = Dynamic viscosity / Density...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Thermal conductivity watt per meter kelvin W/m · K Velocity meter per second m/s Viscosity, dynamic pascal second Pa · s Viscosity, kinematic square meter per second m 2 /s Volume cubic meter m 3 Wavenumber 1 per meter l/m Conversion factors Table A1.2 Conversion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... Similar to the Hooke’s law, which gives the relationship between the stress and the corresponding deformation in the elastic range, analysis of plastic deformation requires a certain relation between the applied stresses and the velocity field (kinematics as described by velocity, ε and ε...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
...–872 In order to understand the common modes of failure on tooth flanks, it is important to study the kinematics of a gear mesh, illustrated in Fig. 1 for a pair of spur gears. For the direction of rotation shown, contact starts at the left side of the figure and progresses to the right. Initial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... of the stock and of the part. As illustrated in Fig. 11.28 , this is quite different from the conditions found in mechanical presses, where the ram velocity is established by the press kinematics and is not influenced significantly by the load and energy requirements of the process. Fig. 11.28...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... entrainment. The gas bubble size was found to be inversely proportional to the flow rate needed to cause entrainment. Manabu et al. (Ref 24) , investigated the effect of oil kinematic viscosities on emulsification and found that although the kinematic viscosity was varied by a factor of 10, very little...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Influence of Process Gas Temperature and Pressure Influence of Nozzle Design Influence of Kinematic Parameters of the Gun/Substrate Manipulation System Cold spray equipment has been continuously developed to achieve optimum impact conditions for a large variety of materials, that is, to increase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
..., “Mechanical Presses,” in this book. The kinematics of the slide motion are determined by the main drive (i.e., crank and connecting rod or pitman arm). The available machine load ( L M ) is a function of stroke( s ). Energy-Restricted Machines: Although not commonly used in sheet metal forming...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... is measured with the help of a friction wheel rolling on the sheet metal. Fig. 10.12 (a) Kinematics of flexible roll forming. (b) Flexible roll-formed products. Source: Ref 10.18 Figure 10.13 shows another FRF mill prototype that was developed by Ona et al. ( Ref 10.19 , 10.20 ), who...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
...,” in this book. 9.1 Cold Spray Application Examples 9.2 Summary References References 9.1 Hale S. , Russell G. , and Birtch W. , “ Kinematic Spray for Corrosion Protection and Metal Part Restoration ,” National Center of Manufacturing Sciences , 2014 9.2 Eden T...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... application and removal Deformation zone Deformation mechanics Metal flow, velocities, strain, strain rate (kinematics) Stresses (variation during deformation) Temperatures (heat generation and transfer) Damage accumulation Equipment used Speed/production rate Binder...
Book Chapter

By Eren Billur
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... fluids Table 12.1 Properties of hydraulic fluids Property Water Oil Water/oil emulsions Lubrication and wear protection … • ∘ Corrosion/rust protection … • ∘ Low cost • … ∘ Kinematic viscosity at 50 °C, mm 2 /s 0.55 15–70 1–70 Low compressibility (bulk modulus, κ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... to the meridian (gray line) ( Fig. 5.2 ). For determining the kinematic solution of the associated winding process, the required information about a point on that fiber bundle consists of two parts: the position of that point and the orientation of the fiber bundle at that point. Because the fiber is placed under...