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iron-nickel-chromium alloys

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the role of alloying in the production and use of low-expansion alloys such as iron-nickel (Invar), iron-nickel-chromium (Elinvar), and iron-nickel-cobalt (Super-Invar and Kovar). It explains how the coefficient of thermal expansion varies with nickel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and special nickel alloys. Corrosion- and heat-resistant nickel alloys include commercially pure and low-alloy nickels, nickel-copper alloys, nickel-molybdenum and nickel-silicon alloys, nickel-chromium-iron alloys, nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloys, and nickel-chromium-iron-molybdenum-copper alloys. Special...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... in this chapter is on the CRAs and in particular nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloys. The chapter provides a basic understanding of general welding considerations and describes the welding metallurgy of molybdenum-containing CRAs and of nickel-copper, nickel-chromium, and nickel-chromium-iron CRAs. It discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... alloy family consists of: Commercially pure nickels Low-alloy nickels Nickel-copper alloys Nickel-molybdenum alloys Nickel-chromium-iron alloys Iron-nickel-chromium alloys Nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloys Nickel-chromium-iron-molybdenum alloys Nickel-chromium-tungsten alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
...-nickel austenitic stainless steel ferritic chromium stainless steel ferrochromium iron-chromium alloys martensitic stainless steel weather-resistant alloys STAINLESS STEEL is a remarkable achievement of modern metallurgy. It has been described as “the miracle metal” and “the crowning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... are shown in Tables 22-3 and 22-4 . The standard grades, which are recognized by ASTM specifications, fall in a range from 0 to 68% nickel with 8 to 32% chromium and the balance primarily iron plus up to 2.5% silicon and 2% manganese. Proprietary alloys and others, which are now in the public domain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Alloy steels are alloys of iron with the addition of carbon and one or more of the following elements: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, cobalt, copper, vanadium, silicon, aluminum, and boron. Alloy steels exhibit superior mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...Abstract Abstract Duplex stainless steels are two-phase alloys based on the iron-chromium-nickel system. Duplex stainless steels offer corrosion resistance and cost advantages over the common austenitic stainless steels. Although there are some problems with welding duplex alloys, considerable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... of the A 3 , A 1 , and A cm transformation lines from their locations on the binary iron-carbon phase diagram. Equation 6.1 shows how the A 1 line is lowered by manganese, raised by chromium and nickel, and not affected by molybdenum at its levels in the 4 xxx steels. All of these additions reduce...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... field extends to approximately 6% Ni. The diagram for the ternary Fe-Cr-Ni system shows how the addition of ferrite-stabilizing chromium affects the iron-nickel system ( Fig. 10.38 ). As can be seen, the popular 18-8 stainless steel, which contains approximately 8% Ni, is an all-austenite alloy at 900...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the typical compositional ranges of superalloys, the role of major base metals (iron, cobalt, and nickel), and the effects of common alloying additions. It describes how chromium, aluminum, and titanium as well as refractory elements, grain-boundary...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... beyond specified limits. Besides these elements, steels can also have one or more of the alloying elements chromium, manganese, nickel, molybdenum, titanium, niobium, tungsten, vanadium, cobalt, or boron, depending on the end use. There are approximately 2500 different grades of steel and hence...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... also publishes work including nickel at present-day percentages. 1905 First Book on Stainless Steel Published Stainless Steel is authored by Léon Guillet in Dunod, Paris. It has 132 pages. 1906 Guillet Studies Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloys Léon Guillet publishes a detailed study...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Typical effects of alloying elements on depth of chill Carbon Silicon Manganese and Sulfur Phosphorus Chromium Nickel Copper Molybdenum Vanadium Effects of Inoculants ASTM specification A 532 covers the composition and hardness of white iron grades used for abrasion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
..., Germany, and the United States, were conducting experiments and writing papers about alloys of iron and varying amounts of chromium, nickel, and carbon. It was generally noticed that alloys with more chromium were somewhat more resistant to corrosion in many environments than carbon steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the evolution of engineering alloy steels, namely chromium, nickel, and nickel-chromium alloy steels. The discussion includes the automotive demand and development of specifications for the alloy steels. It also covers various research on heat treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
..., followed by a paper by Dr. Benno Strauss ( Fig. 4 ), who had come from Germany to describe the iron-chromium-nickel alloy that he and Eduard Maurer had developed. Fig. 4 Benno Strauss, who promoted the industrial application of chromium-nickel austenitic steels that he developed with Eduard Maurer...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... on the method of melting, the composition and product form of the alloy being added, the amount of iron being alloyed (the entire charge or only portions of the charge), and the ladling practice in the specific foundry. In cupola melting, nickel, copper, chromium, and molybdenum are added to the molten...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... for the discovery of these alloys ( Ref 1 ). Two other researchers who studied iron-chromium and iron-chromium-nickel alloys a few years later included the well-known French metallurgist Albert Portevin and an Englishman, W. Giesen. Portevin studied the straight iron-chromium alloys with both low and high...