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iron-iron carbide-silicon system

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., can form silicate stringers (silicon dioxide inclusions). Does not form a carbide in steels. Improves oxidation resistance. Added to special steels to improve electrical and magnetic properties as well as hardenability. Increases susceptibility to decarburization. Promotes graphitization in cast irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... various alloying elements affect the properties, behaviors, and processing characteristics of ductile iron. The article describes the benefits of nickel and silicon additions in particular detail, explaining how they make ductile iron more resistant to corrosion, heat, and wear. corrosion behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... tribological applications. Aluminum engines in automobiles usually have cast iron liners for the cylinders, but hypereutectic aluminum-silicon alloys have been used for automobile engines without the liner; piston rings rub directly on the aluminum. Small engines in chainsaws and outboard motors may run...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... content, the finer the dendrites). Fig. 10.11 Simplified phase diagram of iron-carbon system of a carbon equivalent with silicon at 2% Si During the formation of the austenite dendrites, carbon is rejected into the remaining liquid. The carbon content of the liquid increases until it reaches...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... on silicon, manganese, and alloy contents. (b) Slow cooling from 540 to 315 °C (1000 to 600 °F) is to minimize residual stresses. (c) Time for graphitization will vary from 30 min to 1 h in unalloyed irons to several hours in irons containing carbide stabilizers. Source: Ref 12 Recommended...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... for whiteheart malleable cast iron Table 17.6 Typical compositions range for whiteheart malleable cast iron Element Before annealing, % After annealing, % Carbon 3.0–3.7 0.5–2.0 Silicon 0.4–0.8 0.4–0.7 Manganese 0.1–0.4 0.1–0.4 Sulfur 0.3, max 0.3, max Phosphorus 0.1, max...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... by the hard, white skin. Fig. 24.13 Effect of cooling rate on gray cast iron. Source: Ref 11 The smallest section that can be cast gray without massive carbides depends on metal composition and also on foundry practices. For example, by adjusting the silicon content or by adding inoculants...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... is proportional to the number of alloying elements in the alloy. Table 1 lists data on the more common precipitates found in stainless steel. It is not surprising that stainless steel with iron, chromium, nickel, manganese, silicon, and often molybdenum, titanium, and niobium should have numerous ancillary...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-temperature oxidation resistance. In alloys containing significant amounts of iron, cobalt, molybdenum, tungsten, or other refractory elements, the level of silicon must be carefully controlled because it can stabilize carbides and harmful intermetallic phases. On the other hand, the use of silicon as a major...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of supercooled austenite 3.4 Classification and Types of Steels Steels are essentially alloys of iron and carbon with carbon ranging from a few hundredths of a percent to more than 1%. They also contain other elements, known as inherent impurities, such as silicon, manganese, sulfur, and phosphorus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
..., and by removing the same amount of stock from both sides of the part simultaneously, any inherent stresses in the piece are equally relieved. Silicon carbide and fused aluminum oxide are the abrasives most widely used for lapping. Silicon carbide is used for lapping hardened steel or cast iron. Fused alumina...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... stabilizing elements are silicon, chromium, phosphorous, molybdenum, vanadium, titanium, niobium, and aluminum (pure aluminum, for instance, is FCC in the solid state). Fig. 7.7 Fe-Cr equilibrium phase diagram. Adding chromium to iron reduces the range of temperatures in which the FCC phase is stable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
.... , Abrasive and Dry Sliding Wear Resistance of Iron-Molybdenum-Nickel-Silicon-Carbon Weld Hardfacing Alloys , Wear , Vol 135 ( No. 2 ), 1990 , p 355 10.1016/0043-1648(90)90036-A 44. Zurn Gahr K.H. , How Microstructure Affects Abrasive Wear Resistance , Met. Prog. , Sept 1971 , p 46...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
..., kinetic and mechanistic factors usually favor formation of the compound during solidification and subsequent cooling. Only in alloys containing high concentrations of carbon (cast irons), particularly in the presence of silicon, slowly cooled from the liquid state or subjected to appropriate thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Alloy steels are alloys of iron with the addition of carbon and one or more of the following elements: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, cobalt, copper, vanadium, silicon, aluminum, and boron. Alloy steels exhibit superior mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... steels? In other words, can standard chromium-nickel stainless steels be replaced with an austenitic alloy system? The answer came in two stages—in both instances with the help of phase diagrams. It was first determined that manganese should be capable of replacing nickel because it stabilizes the γ-iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... carbide compound Fe 3 C (called cementite) forms when carbon is added to iron (see Chapter 2, “Structure of Metals and Alloys,” in this book). The physical form of this carbide can be readily modified and controlled by processing variables with accompanying changes in properties. The cementite carbides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... less tin than other alloying elements, such as manganese bronze (copper-zinc plus manganese, tin, and iron) and leaded tin bronze (copper-lead plus tin and sometimes zinc). The generic term bronze also applies to copper-base alloys containing no tin, such as aluminum bronze (copper-aluminum), silicon...