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iron-base heat-resistant casting

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract Superalloys are nickel, iron-nickel, and cobalt-base alloys designed for high-temperature applications, generally above 540 deg C. This chapter covers the metallurgy, composition, and properties of cast and wrought superalloys. It provides information on melting, heat treating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...%. High-alloy gray irons contain more than 4% total alloy content and include austenitic nickel-alloyed gray irons and high-silicon gray irons. These more highly alloyed cast irons are used for corrosion-resistant and/or heat-resistant applications. The metallurgy of gray irons is extremely complex...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... content, i.e., HK40 is an HK alloy with 0.40% ±0.05% carbon. Examples and Nominal Compositions of Some Proprietary Cast Heat-Resistant Steels Table 22-4 Examples and Nominal Compositions of Some Proprietary Cast Heat-Resistant Steels Generic Alloy base Composition, Wt % C Mn Si Cr...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... Abstract Nickel-base castings are produced from a group of alloys with compositions that are typically greater than 50% Ni and less than 10% iron. This chapter presents the casting compositions of nickel-base alloys. It then provides an overview of heat treatment, mechanical properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of austenite during solid-state cooling after solidification ( Fig. 10.7 ). The microstructure also can be modified by heat treatment. For example, heat-treated white irons are a class of abrasion-resistant cast irons with a microstructure of cementite and martensite ( Fig. 10.8 ). Fig. 10.7 Eutectic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... and alloy steels. Other ferrous alloys have different letters, such as “F” for cast irons and cast steels (cast steels can also have the letter “J”), “D” for steels with specific mechanical properties, “S” for heat- and corrosion-resistant steels, “T” for tool steels, and “H” for steels with enhanced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... by base elements and alloying elements. Graphitization, cooling rates, and heat treatment effects are covered. There also is discussion on inoculation benefits, flake graphite types and typical applications, evolution of cast iron types, ASTM specification A247 for graphite shapes, and selection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... alloys, cast irons and cast steel ( 1 ) Magnesium-base cast alloys are lighter in weight than aluminum, and can be heat treated to the same strength as aluminum alloys with excellent machinability. These alloys are more expensive than aluminum. Copper-base casting alloys offer advantages...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... prime gamma prime microstructure superalloys Groups, Crystal Structures, and Phases Superalloy Groups As noted earlier, there are three groups of superalloys (iron-nickel-, nickel-, and cobalt-base), which are further subdivided into cast and wrought (where wrought includes powder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... be read on the y -axis. If the casting is top gated, P = 0 and K = 1. If the casting is completely bottom-gated, P = C and P/C = 1. K is based on the P/H value. Fig. 7.15 Pressure head influence on initial velocity Runners for cast iron are trapezoidal to reduce heat loss...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... as shown in Figure 27-4 . Fig. 27-4 Variation of modulus of elasticity with temperature for six cast heat-resistant grades ( 10 ) Nickel-Base Alloys Values for various cast nickel-base alloys are shown in Table 27-5 . Poisson’s Ratio Poisson’s ratio, v, is the negative ratio...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... with consecutive positions in the periodic table of elements. The iron-nickel-base superalloys are an extension of stainless steel technology and generally are wrought, whereas cobalt- and nickel-base superalloys may be wrought or cast, depending on the application/composition involved. The more highly alloyed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... steels exhibit superior toughness and impact resistance compared to other materials. Heat resistant alloys ( Chapter 22 ) are used at temperatures in excess of 1200 °F (649 °C). These materials are usually alloys of iron, chromium, and nickel. Weight and Size Range Steel castings are produced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... as metallurgical and non-metallurgical. Metallurgical uses include the wear resistant, corrosion resistant, and heat resistant cobalt-base alloys, the use of cobalt in nickel-base superalloys (the largest end-use sector for cobalt), iron-base superalloys, cemented carbides, magnetic materials, low-expansion alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and by alloying with such elements as boron, chromium, and manganese. The abrasion and wear resistance of steel is increased by additions of such elements as chromium, nickel, molybdenum, and tungsten. Cast iron engine parts have long been made more wear resistant by alloying with silicon. Silicon additions also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Society Welding Research Council, researcher Telfer Norman shows an estimate of the relative high-stress abrasion resistance of some alloy cast irons in Figure 7.10 . Fig. 7.10 Telfer Norman’s ranking of the high-stress abrasion resistance of various cast irons based upon ball-mill abrasion tests...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.9781627083324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... carbon. Although malleable iron has largely been replaced by ductile iron, the article explains that it is still sometimes preferred for thin-section castings that require maximum machinability and wear resistance. The article also discusses the annealing and alloying processes by which these properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... nickel alloys. Corrosion- and heat-resistant nickel alloys include commercially pure and low-alloy nickels, nickel-copper alloys, nickel-molybdenum and nickel-silicon alloys, nickel-chromium-iron alloys, nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloys, and nickel-chromium-iron-molybdenum-copper alloys. Special nickel...