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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... The responsiveness of steel from heat treatment is due to some important properties of iron and the metallurgical effects of carbon in iron. Fundamentally, all steels are mixtures or, more properly, alloys of iron with a small amount of carbon (along with varying amounts of other alloying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... ironmaking, the life of ironmaking pioneer John Fritz, and the rapid increase in ironmaking for the railroads. anthracite coal charcoal iron ironmaking railroads Ironmaking commenced in the colonies as early as 1645 at the Saugus Iron Works in Massachusetts. This effort was never financially...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... minimill industry along with the consolidation of the industry into large corporations. The chapter ends by providing information on novel processes developed for making iron. flanged beams flat products minimills railroad rails steelmaking ironmaking There was little change in the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses ferrous metals, including low-carbon steels, stainless steels, and cast irons. It also provides information on hardening and hardenability and the tempering process. hardening tempering ferrous metals hardenability Jominy end-quench testing WHILE...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the formation and control of aqueous corrosion in iron and steel. It also provides information on passivation, stress corrosion, rust, and direct oxidation. aqueous corrosion corrosion control direct oxidation THE COST OF CORROSION in the United...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... being iron, nickel, and cobalt. Several rare-earth elements are ferromagnetic at low temperatures. Table 5.1 lists all of the ferromagnetic elements and the temperature above which they cease to be ferromagnetic ( Curie temperature ). Table 5.1 Ferromagnetic elements and Curie temperatures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... zinc atoms occupying lattice sites), sodium chloride crystals, glass, and polyethylene. Most plain-carbon steels are two-phase materials, consisting of an iron-rich solid solution containing a small amount of carbon in solution, and iron carbide. The composition of a single phase may vary from...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... chloride and includes a list of structurally similar compounds. amorphous materials chemical bonding chemical elements crystal structures MATERIALS are so important to civilization that the terms stone age, bronze age , and iron age have been used to describe periods of history. Perhaps...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... psi) Aluminum 70 (10) Iron and steel 205 (29.5) Copper 110 (16) Magnesium 45 (6.5) Titanium 116 (19) Glass 70 (10) Polystyrene 2.8 (0.5) Nylon 2.8 (0.5) LD polyethylene 0.1 – 0.35 (0.05 – 0.1) Urea formaldehyde 10.3 (1.5) If the amount of deformation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... conductivity and mobility are determined by the mean free path. Figure 4.1 illustrates this concept. Table 4.1 Electrical conductivities at 20 °C (70 °F) Metal Conductivity (nΩm) −1 Aluminum 37.7 Copper 59.77 Silver 68.0 Nickel 14.6 Iron 10.5 Magnesium 22.47 Zinc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... emitting photons. This explains the metallic luster. Most metals are strong and ductile. They deform plastically because their atomic planes slip over one another, as illustrated in Fig. 6.1 . Metals such as copper, aluminum, iron, titanium, magnesium, and nickel are very ductile. Other metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... of ceramics mainly to applications in which the loading is primarily compressive. Iron-containing ceramics are used as magnets. The bonding strengths of ionic and covalent compounds depend on the valences of the metal and nonmetal. Compounds with higher valences (e.g., silicon carbide, silicon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
..., or another metal. Steel and iron are cast into sand or refractory molds. Gold, silver, and refractory metals are cast into molds of high-temperature ceramics. Aluminum may be cast into sand or iron molds. Low-melting-point metals (aluminum, magnesium, and zinc) may be die cast. In die casting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses recycling processes used for metals, plastics, rubber, glass, and paper. Is also describes the advantages of recycled materials. recycled materials recycling More than 80% of steel is made from recycled material. Steel and iron can easily...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9