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ion plating

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses coating technologies that are applicable to beryllium, including physical and chemical vapor deposition, thermal evaporation, electroplating, sputtering, ion plating, and plasma arc spraying. It describes the advantages and disadvantages of each method...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... , and Wiedersich H. , Ed., Surface Alloying by Ion, Electron and Laser Beams , ASM International , 1987 22.8 Arata Y. , Plasma, Electron and Laser Beam Technology , American Society for Metals , 1986 22.9 Hochman R.F. , Ed., Ion Plating and Implantation , American Society...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., application, and inspection and quality assurance. The next section discusses the methods by which metals, and in some cases their alloys, can be applied to almost all other metals and alloys: electroplating, electroless plating, hot dipping, thermal spraying, cladding, pack cementation, vapor deposition, ion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Ion implantation 200–400, best <250 for N Line of sight Usually N (B,C) Wear resistance for tools, dies, etc. Effect much deeper than original implantation depth. Precise area treatment, excellent process control Ion plating, ARE RT–0.7 T m of coating. Best at elevated temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the use of coating methods and materials and their impact on corrosion and wear behaviors. It provides detailed engineering information on a wide range of processes, including organic, ceramic, and hot dip coating, metal plating and cladding, and the use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... ion plating Phosphating for moderate protection Anodizing, preferably sealed, for aluminum alloys Hostile Environments For more hostile environments, including marine and aerospace where galvanic corrosion will be a major concern, consider: Hot dip galvanizing, which will provide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... resists corrosion in reducing environments, such as HCl and H 2 SO 4 , better than CP titanium but not as well as the titanium-palladium alloy. Precious metals, such as platinum and palladium, have been ion plated, ion implanted, or thermal diffused into titanium alloy surfaces to achieve improved...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...Types of corrosion Table 14.1 Types of corrosion Corrosion type Description Conditions General Uniform attack, expressed as mils/year Titanium can passivate if certain oxidizing agents and metal ions are present (e.g., HCl with ferric, cupric ions). Crevice Localized in tight...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... environments, (b) reduction of the stresses that drive crack growth, and (c) selection of a material with sufficient resistance to cracking. Metallic coatings, such as electroplated nickel and ion-plated aluminum, are sometimes applied to unalloyed uranium and dilute uranium alloys to increase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
...) atomistic deposition processes: vacuum evaporation, sputter deposition (or sputtering), ion plating, and ion beam-assisted deposition ( Ref 16.52 ). As seen in Fig. 16.14 , PVD has lower process temperatures (200 to 550 °C, or 390 to 1020 °F) compared to CVD (600 to 1000 °C, or 1110 to 1830 °F) and TD...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... go into solution as metal ions and weight loss occurs. The direct current going through the corrosion cell enters the solution at the anode. The reactions at the anode are referred to as anodic and are oxidation reactions; that is, electrons are generated. At the cathode , no corrosion occurs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
.... , 1986 . Ion-Enhanced Adhesion of Thin Gold Films , Gold Bull. , Vol 19 (No. 4 ), p 102 – 116 10.1007/BF03214650 • Mattox D.M. , 1973 . Thin Film Metallization of Oxides in Microelectronics , Thin Solid Films , Vol 18 , p 173 – 186 10.1016/0040-6090(73)90096-5 • Mattox...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... sense in light of the AES and ion-milling depth profiles, which identified zinc oxide on the surface of the delaminated sample: The process change gave much more time for zinc to diffuse through the tin plate. Comparison of the carbon, oxygen, and zinc compositions obtained with the angular...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... nickel-phosphorus plating, ferritic nitrocarburizing, sulfurizing, and spark hardening Fig. 16 Compares the wear, scuffing, and spalling resistance of sheet-metal dies coated by the following surface-hardening processes: uncoated, nitrided, borided, nitrogen ion implanted, chrome plated, sulfurized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... Plating and Paint Partial Immersion Masking an area for plasma ion nitriding follows this simple rule: “What plasma can see, it will nitride; what plasma cannot see, it cannot nitride.” The area to be masked should be covered with a piece of shim stock steel attached to the component. The shim...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...) with very little tendency for them to be suppressed, ultimately causing penetration through the base metal. Pitting corrosion has also been associated with both crevice and galvanic corrosion. Metal deposition (copper ions plated on a steel surface) can also create sites for pitting attack. Causes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... of the Au/Ni plating and the small Cu seed layers voids. Fig. 24 Top image shows section before ion milling. The bottom image is the same area after ion milling. Abstract Abstract Cross-sectioning is a technique used for process development and reverse engineering. This article introduces...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... 12.2 Van Vlack L.H. , Elements of Materials Science and Engineering , 3rd ed. , Addison-Wesley , 1974 Aqueous corrosion always involves an electrolytic cell with a cathode and an anode ( Fig. 12.1 ). It is the opposite of electroplating. The anode is where ions go into solution M → M...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... measurements). Product Type Package Type Year Assembled Sphere/Plating Comp Aging Oxide (Å SiO 2 eq.) by AES Solderability test: failed units out of 20 Memory 119 PBGA 1996 SnPbAg MSL Bake 20 0 Steam Age 70 0 Automotive Microcontroller 272 PBGA 2003 SnPbAg MSL Bake 20 0...