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ion implantation

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter describes surface modification processes that go beyond conventional heat treatments, including plasma nitriding, plasma carburizing, low-pressure carburizing, ion implantation, physical and chemical vapor deposition, salt bath coating, and transformation hardening via high-energy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... protective linings barrier protection chemical inhibition galvanic protection surface preparation inspection quality assurance electroplating electroless plating hot dipping thermal spraying cladding pack cementation vapor deposition ion implantation laser processing COATINGS are the most...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract Surface modification technologies improve the performance of tool steels. This chapter discusses the processes involved in oxide coatings, nitriding, ion implantation, chemical and physical vapor deposition processing, salt bath coating, laser and electron beam surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... cementation. The chapter also covers ion implantation and laser alloying. anodizing conversion coating diffusion coating pack cementation SURFACE TREATMENTS that change the surface chemistry of a metal or alloy, but that do not involve intentional buildup or increase in part dimension, include...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... is important. Dissolved titanium and the active fluoride ion make it impossible to use glass electrodes for pH measurements. Indicator paper and colorimetry are the most satisfactory methods for measuring in the degreasing and chemical immersion baths, which are held in the pH range from 5 to 7. The pickling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... nickel-phosphorus plating, ferritic nitrocarburizing, sulfurizing, and spark hardening Fig. 16 Compares the wear, scuffing, and spalling resistance of sheet-metal dies coated by the following surface-hardening processes: uncoated, nitrided, borided, nitrogen ion implanted, chrome plated, sulfurized...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Ion implantation 200–400, best <250 for N Line of sight Usually N (B,C) Wear resistance for tools, dies, etc. Effect much deeper than original implantation depth. Precise area treatment, excellent process control Ion plating, ARE RT–0.7 T m of coating. Best at elevated temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Ion implantation for improved wear resistance of alloy tool steels and chrome-plated parts Anodizing plus PTFE seal for nonstick and wear resistance with aluminum alloy parts Die Casting For die casting, consider: Nitriding for H-series tool steels Physical vapor deposition (PVD...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... by such processes as plating, cladding, nitriding, ion implantation, carburizing, and hot dip galvanizing, this book is limited to only those alloying processes that affect the bulk of the material, while surface modification is discussed in other ASM publications. This book, however, does cover the addition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...) siliconizing Improved oxidation resistance Boronizing (boriding) Improved wear resistance, oxidative wear, and surface fatigue Ion implantation Improved friction and wear resistance for a variety of substrates Laser alloying Improved wear resistance Adding a surface layer or coating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... tomography and 3D analytics is likely to increase in semiconductor failure analysis and characterization. Silicon amorphization from ion implantation is a known artifact from FIB sample preparation. The most common method to mitigate amorphization [50] is to use a low energy FIB probe [51...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... but not as well as the titanium-palladium alloy. Surface Treatment Precious metals, such as platinum and palladium, have been ion plated, ion implanted, or thermal diffused into titanium alloy surfaces to achieve improved resistance to reducing acids. This approach has not been used commercially...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...–20 0.1–0.8 90–93 (VC) Average No 870–1040 1600–1900 Liquid Atmosphere 10–20 No Reheat treatment Ion implantation 0.1–1 0.004–0.04 80–90 (N) Excellent Yes (beam) No (plasma source) Usually <150 Usually <300 10 –7 –3 × 10 –5 10 –6 –2 × 10 –4 1–8 No No IBAD 0.1–10...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... thus depends on alloy composition. The amorphous alloys can be prepared by various methods, including melt spinning, sputter deposition, mechanical alloying, electrodeposition, electroless deposition, and ion implantation. Mechanical alloying forms powders, and the other methods form amorphous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... requirements. Thinning of the substrates can be accomplished by flat lapping, laser assisted chemical etch, plasma reactive ion etch, and CNC based milling and polishing. The article discusses the general characteristics, key principles, advantages, and disadvantages of these processes. It also contains case...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mbheaktmse.t56030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-418-5
... cladding ( Ref 95 ), thermal spraying ( Ref 96 ), and cold spraying ( Ref 97 ). The preparation methods for HEA films mainly include magnetron sputtering ( Ref 98 , 99 ), plasma-based ion implantation ( Ref 100 ), and electrochemical deposition ( Ref 101 ). 1.5 Applications of High-Entropy Alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... into the mechanisms of cell neurons due to the presence of metal particles or metal ions. Some researchers are studying the effects of rubbing on biomaterials by investigating changes to DNA and RNA after rubbing; others are assessing the effect of chromium-cobalt and nickel (from metal-on-metal implants...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... 10.1016/B978-0-08-006564-9.50015-4 • Sioshansi P. , Improving the Properties of Titanium Alloys by Ion Implantation , J. Met. , Vol 42 ( No. 3 ), 1990 , p 30 – 31 10.1007/BF03220891 • Surface Treatment of Titanium: A Designer’s and User’s Handbook , brochure, The Titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
.... This type of surface modification is very attractive because of its low cost in comparison to other methods, such as chrome plating, ion implantation, laser processing, and so on. As pointed out earlier, compositional changes on the surface of a material, for a few atomic layers, are normal for any alloy...