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interstitial solid solutions

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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 3.2 Schematics showing (a) substitutional and (b) interstitial solid solutions More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 2.1 A substitutional solid solution (a) and an interstitial solid solution (b) More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 3.12 Crystal structure and free energy of the interstitial solid solution of γFe-C system (austenite). Because interstitial sites of C atom is in the center of the octahedron of Fe atoms, it is called an octahedral interstice. (a) Crystal structure of γFe-C. (b) Interstitial sites of C More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract When a metal is alloyed with another metal, either substitutional or interstitial solid solutions are usually formed. This chapter discusses the general characteristics of these solutions and the effects of several alloying elements on the yield strength of pure metals. It presents...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... atoms. It discusses the difference between interstitial and substitutional solid solutions and the factors that determine the type of solution that two metals are likely to form. It also addresses the development of intermediate phases, the role of free energy, transformation kinetics, liquid-to-solid...
Image
Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 2.6 Types of solid solution. An interstitial atom occupies a space between the atoms of the crystal lattice. Substitutional atoms replace or substitute for an atom in the crystal structure. More
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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 3 Solid-solution mechanisms. (a) Interstitial. (b) Substitutional More
Image
Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 3.18 I-S bonding in a solid solution of γFe-interstitial (I)-substitutional (S). (a) Classification of interstitial sites. (b) Numerical distribution. (c) Trap ratio related to temperature. f 1 S = n S / n . More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... of the metallurgical effects of freezing or solidification, including the segregation of solutes and the formation of metal glasses. freezing interstitial solid solutions metal glasses phase diagrams phase relations phases substitutional solid solutions Phases A DISTINCT STATE of aggregation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... This type of deformation is characterized by the fact that when the applied stress is removed, the material does not return to its previously undeformed shape. Depending on the relative sizes of the solute and solvent atoms in both substitutional and interstitial solid solutions, the solute atoms typically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... morphology. It then discusses the concept of solid solutions, the difference between substitutional and interstitial solid solubility, the effect of alloying elements, and the development of intermetallic phases. The chapter also covers the construction and use of binary and ternary phase diagrams...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tm.t52320055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-357-7
... of mixing are derived from the fact that lattice I consists of 2 mole Al or Cr atoms. 3.3.2 Free Energy of Interstitial Solutions Carbon atoms can dissolve interstitially into γFe crystal having fcc structure in a solid state at the maximum of 2 mass% (about 10 at. %). This interstitial solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... structure of metals and their role in mechanical deformation, annealing, precipitation, and diffusion. It describes the concept of solid solutions and the effect of temperature on solubility and phase transformations. The chapter also discusses the formation of solidification structures, the use...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... diffusion 5.1.1 Interstitial Diffusion If the solute atom is sufficiently small, it will locate in an interstice between the larger solvent atoms, forming an interstitial solid solution. Diffusion of interstitial atoms occurs by atoms jumping from one interstitial site to another without...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56020001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-389-8
... and their relevance in design and manufacturing. It begins with a review of compositional impurities, the physical arrangement of atoms in solid solution, and the factors that determine maximum solubility. It then describes different types of structural imperfections, including point, line, and planar defects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... to plastically deform at low temperatures ( Fig. 11.7 ) by tensile testing of iron specimens with polycrystalline ferritic microstructures ( Ref 11.6 , 11.12 ). The iron was gettered with titanium to remove all carbon and nitrogen from interstitial solid solution and thereby eliminate potential interstitial...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dsktmse.t56050001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-432-1
... mainly by interstitial and substitutional diffusion. Interstitial Diffusion Interstitial solid solutions may form when the solid is comprised of large solute and small solvent atoms. The large solute atoms sit on the lattice positions, whereas the significantly smaller solvent atoms occupy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dsktmse.9781627084321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-432-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... are, therefore, interstitial solid solutions. Carbon is an element that stabilizes austenite and thereby increases the range of austenite formation in steels. Figure 3.1 shows that, with the addition of carbon, the austenite field greatly expands from 912 to 1394 °C (1675 to 2540 °F)—the range in pure iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.9781627083898
EISBN: 978-1-62708-389-8