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internal hydrogen

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
.... This chapter describes the causes and control of porosity and inclusions in aluminum castings as well as the combined effects of hydrogen, shrinkage, and inclusions on the properties of aluminum alloys. In addition, it discusses the applications of radiography to reveal internal discontinuities in aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... systems. In addition to incorporating more recent data, this chapter describes and discusses the relative advantages and disadvantages of various testing and characterization methods, integrates the effects of external environments and internal hydrogen, describes trends in cracking phenomenology...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... , 1990 19.88 Effects of Hydrogen on Materials: Proceedings of the 2008 International Hydrogen Conference , Somerday Brian , Sofronis Petros , and Jones Russell , Ed., ASM International , 2009 19.89 Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 3 10.5006/0010-9312-32.1.3 2. Zapffe C. and Sims C. , Embrittlement Hydrogen , Internal Stress and Defects in Steel , Trans. AIME , Vol 145 , 1941 , p 225 3. Petch N.J. and Stables P. , Delayed Fracture of Metals Under Static Load , Nature , Vol 169...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... ability to dissipate the energy absorbed without degradation. Benzotriazoles and o -hydroxybenzophenones rapidly dissipate excited-state energy through internal hydrogen bond transfer, as shown in Fig. 10 . Fig. 10 Excited-state energy dissipation through internal hydrogen bond transfer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in one of several ways. Specific types of hydrogen damage, some of which occur only in specific alloys under specific conditions are the following: Hydrogen embrittlement Hydrogen-induced blistering Cracking from precipitation of internal hydrogen Hydrogen attack Hydride formation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... , Arnold , 1993 4. Forms of Corrosion , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 5. Askeland D.R. , The Science and Engineering of Materials , 2nd ed. , PWS-Kent Publishing Co. , 1989 6. Sankaran K.K. , Perez R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... information on the corrosion resistance of various metals and their alloys, the reader should consult the selected references listed at the conclusion of this chapter, as well as Corrosion , Vol 13, of the ASM Handbook or Corrosion: Understanding the Basics , published by ASM International in 2000...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... be the rate-determining step in environmentally assisted crack propagation. For this illustration, an internal hydrogen embrittlement mechanism is assumed in order to maximize the number of possible rate-determining steps. Changes in the environment that modify the rate-determining step will have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... , 1968 13. Koch G.H. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking and Hydrogen Embrittlement , Fatigue and Fracture , Vol 19 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1996 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002388 14. Antolovich S.D. and Chanani G.R. , Eng. Fract. Mech. , Vol 4 , 1972 , p 765...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., a steel in the burned condition or with hydrogen damage cannot be salvaged. However, many times, a simple heat treatment can restore the microstructure and properties. This chapter provides a basis to assist the metallographer and metallurgist in making rational decisions that can save time and money...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Hydride Aluminum alloys, steels Various media Near-surface hydrogen References 1. Michalske T.A. and Freiman S.W. , Nature , Vol 295 , 11 Feb 1982 , p 511 10.1038/295511a0 2. Fellers J.F. and Kee B.F. , J. Appl. Polymer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... In some cases, hardness is not a good indicator of crack susceptibility. This is the case when it comes to resistance to HIC of steels in wet H 2 S environments. This type of cracking occurs as a result of hydrogen absorption into the steel from sulfide corrosion that collects at internal interfaces...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... problems related to these two separate areas are discussed in the following sections. Hydrogen attack occurs more often in subcritical drum boilers that use a recirculating steam-generating system. Adequate control of water chemistry is critical to avoid internal deposition and corrosion of boiler...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... of the Fifth International Conference on Current Solutions To Hydrogen Problems in Steels , Washington , 1982 , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, OH , 1982 45. Watanabe J. et al , “ A Fracture Safe Analysis of Pressure Vessels Made of 2¼Cr-1Mo Steels, ” Paper No. 126 , CORROSION/76...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Engineers , 1986 , p 839 – 842 20. Monitoring Internal Corrosion in Oil and Gas Production Operations with Hydrogen Probes , NACE Publication 1C 184 , Mater. Perform. , June 1984 , p 49 – 56 21. Bovankovich J.C. , On-Line Corrosion Monitoring , Mater. Prot. Perform. , June...