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intergranular stress-corrosion cracking

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes how ultrasonic testing came to be a viable method for evaluating intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in large-diameter stainless steel pipe welds in boiling water reactor service. Intergranular SCC can be difficult to detect using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of these alloys. Some categories of corrosion covered are pitting, crevice, intergranular, stress-corrosion cracking, general, and high-temperature corrosion. stainless steels nickel alloys corrosion resistance alloying elements pitting corrosion crevice corrosion intergranular corrosion stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... 15.1 ). This chapter reviews the phenomenon of SCC in welded BWR pipe and present methods for its mitigation. 15.1 Boiling Water Reactor Piping Systems 15.2 Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Pipe Weldments 15.3 Model for Intergranular Stress-Corrosion Cracking 15.4 Stress-Related Remedies 15.5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... of the removed joints confirmed the ultrasonic test observations. The analysis of the study indicated that the cracks are of intergranular stress corrosion type. The failures are due to fabrication-induced stresses combined with service-induced corrosion from inside surface of the piping. Additional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Jacobs A.J. , Hale D.A. , and Siegler M. , unpublished data, GE Nuclear Energy , San Jose, CA , Jan 1986 6.9 Cowan R.L. and Gordon G.M. , Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking and Grain Boundary Composition of Fe-Ni-Cr Alloys , Stress Corrosion Cracking...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... the boiler is in operation. Fire-side failure of boiler tubes due to stress corrosion cracking therefore occurs during idle periods. Figure 6.121 shows a microstructure displaying fire-side stress corrosion cracking in a superheater tube. The microstructure indicates intergranular stress corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., and, for equal depth of corrosion, its effect on strength is no greater than that of pitting corrosion, although fatigue cracks may be more likely to initiate at areas of intergranular corrosion than at random pits. 8.3 Stress-Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility Only aluminum alloys that contain appreciable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and poultice corrosion; galvanic corrosion; erosion-corrosion, including cavitation erosion and fretting corrosion; intergranular corrosion, including sensitization and exfoliation; dealloying; environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... at the base of a pit by intergranular corrosion. In these circumstances, the grain-boundary chemistry and the pit chemistry were such that intergranular corrosion was favored. Crack propagation was also by intergranular SCC in these cases. Although the local stresses and strain rates at the base...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... as detection and control measures. The five corrosive attack mechanisms covered are intergranular corrosion, preferential attack associated with weld metal precipitates, pitting and crevice corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, and microbiologically influenced corrosion. References References 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Cracking and Stress-Relaxation Cracking or Strain-Age Cracking 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Stress-Assisted Preferential Corrosion Penetration 14.3 Stress-Assisted Intergranular Cracking 14.4 Summary Oxidation in air or oxidation in general is considered to be the least corrosive among various...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...-chromium alloys with body-centered cubic crystal structures. Chromium content is usually in the range of 11 to 30%. The primary advantage of the ferritic stainless steels, and in particular the high-chromium, high-molybdenum grades, is their excellent stress-corrosion cracking resistance and good...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... stainless steel in water/0.2 ppm oxygen at 288 ° C (550 ° F) Fig. 30 Intergranular crack velocities for various applied crack tip strain rates in a carbon-manganese steel immersed in 1 N Na 2 CO 3 + 1 N NaHCO 3 at –650 mV (SCE) and 75 °C (165 °F) Fig. 31 Stress-corrosion crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
.... It represents a major form of corrosion failure and has a complex dependence on various mechanical, electrochemical, and metallurgical factors. Stress-corrosion cracks can be transgranular, intergranular, or both and may grow gradually over a period of time until they reach a critical size, resulting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... degree of intergranular corrosion is also noted near the large pit Fig. 40 Photomicrograph of the cross section of a PM 434L part showing intergranular path of corrosion damage caused by stress corrosion cracking Fig. 41 Chromium line scan of oxide scale on PM 409L, showing alternate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., cavitation, fretting corrosion, intergranular corrosion, exfoliation, dealloying corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, and corrosion fatigue. The chapter discusses the processes involved in corrosion control by retarding either the anodic or cathodic reactions. The rate of corrosion is reduced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... on materials that are resistant to the various forms of corrosion. The various forms of corrosion covered are general (uniform) corrosion, localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen damage, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the economic importance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... environments that can cause stress-corrosion cracking of metals and alloys under certain conditions Table 3 Some environments that can cause stress-corrosion cracking of metals and alloys under certain conditions Material Environment Aluminum alloys NaCl-H 2 O 2 solutions NaCl solutions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... systems and the corrosion issues they face. This is followed by a discussion on the causes of the various forms of corrosion associated with liquids, namely pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, and erosion corrosion. The chapter also contains tables...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... or salts of the base material. This chapter discusses the process of corrosion and how to prevent or mitigate its effects. It describes several forms of corrosion, including uniform, intergranular, pitting, crevice, and stray-current corrosion, and the effects of stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion...