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insulating materials

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... being tested. Electrode type Description of electrodes (a) (b) Insulating materials 1 Opposing cylinders 51 mm (2 in.) in diameter, 25 mm (1 in.) thick with edges rounded to 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) radius Flat sheets of paper, films, fabrics, rubber, molded plastics, laminates, boards, glass...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., ceramics are usually good electrical and thermal insulators. In addition, due to the stability of their strong bonds, they normally have high melting temperatures and excellent chemical stability in many hostile environments. However, ceramics are inherently hard and brittle materials that, when loaded...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...; ambient environment (seasonal changes, etc.); trace contamination of ionic species (for example, heavy metal ions, chlorine, ammonia, etc.) Miscellaneous sources Stray currents; conductive paths; composites (for example, concrete rebars) Summary of insulation materials properties Table 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... or insulating? In general, AES is better adapted to running conducting and semiconducting materials, while both conducting and insulating materials are readily analyzed by XPS and TOF-SIMS. Because the technique is so flexible in its sample-handling capabilities, the industries served by XPS are quite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., leaving a gap, with the inner insulation exposed. (d) Insufficient insulation can allow water to enter; chloride in some insulation can result in pitting or stress-corrosion cracking of susceptible materials. (e) Overtightened strapping can damage the insulation layer and cause fluid dams on vertical runs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... is not subjected to the ion beam in order to protect the region of interest from sputter damage. Using the electron beam a small layer of insulating material is deposited directly over the region of interest to provide protection from the ion beam. Next using the ion beam a thick layer of insulating material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... and mineral samples in a fully hydrated state. However, lower pressures have found applications to imaging insulating materials such as glass and plastic since the gas tends to dissipate charge and reduce sample charging problems. As little as 1 to 100 Pa (~10 -2 to 1 Torr) is useful in such applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... in insulating electrical conductors using polyemide film or tape. The high-temperature resistance of the polyemide film, which is applied in the form of high-integrity tape heat sealed to the conductor, permits thinner insulation than was previously possible. In this case, because the material will not bond...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
.... Resistors are formed by creating long narrow strips of a resistive conductor. Capacitors are formed by parallel conductors separated by insulating material. Three-dimensional parts can be made by photostereolithography or 3-D printing using a liquid that polymerizes on exposure to ultraviolet light...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... 638 527–1,2 Tensile properties of plastics D 695 604 Compressive properties of rigid plastics D 785 2039–2 Rockwell hardness of plastics and electrical insulating materials D 790 178 Flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics and insulating materials D 882 527–3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
..., fully annealed, high-conductivity copper is most commonly used in the fabrication of induction heating coils. The copper is typically in a tubular form (with a minimum outer diameter of 0.32 cm or 0.125 in.) to allow for water cooling. Material of this kind is available in a wide range of cross sections...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... channels are easy to use for support guides. Trays and wheels for holding workpieces often use transite, a nonasbestos insulating material. While steel is used for holding nests if sufficiently far from the flux field, brass and nonmagnetic stainless steel are often used when the flux fields heat the nests...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... different from that of metals that these two material classes respond to the environment in very different ways. For example, metals often rust or tarnish when exposed to atmospheric moisture, while plastics do not. Metals are electrical conductors, while plastics tend to be insulators. Most metals do...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
...-tough materials or conductive-insulator materials. In some cases, multiple layers are formed to gradually shift properties. Recent attention has examined fabrication of high-thermal-conductivity surfaces coupled to low-thermal-expansion bases. Such structures are desired for applications in high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... in electronic devices arise due to the inclusion of mobile alkali metal ions within the dielectric films. For many years, the acquisition of ToF-SIMS depth profiles of alkali metal ions in insulating materials has been a challenge due to the presence of artefacts caused by charging. For depth profiling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... if the process and design rules are not optimized. Some eutectic systems are more reliable if an insulating flow stop feature is placed between the conductive bond features to prevent shorting. Fusion bonding uses no intermediary material and depends on extremely clean and smooth surfaces (<5Å roughness...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... of an insulating material such as transite. There is also a split nickel alloy liner surrounding the workpiece, but inside the coil. The liner is induction heated to a temperature determined by its thickness; however, it does not prevent the setting assembly from being induction heated as well. Therefore, the ring...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... for insulated mold castings: ultimate tensile strength, 359 MPa (52.1 ksi); tensile yield strength, 349 MPa (50.6 ksi). UNS A02010 Source: “Mechanical Properties of Premium Aluminum Casting Alloys with Various Cooling Rates,” Olin Corp., Jan 1973. As published in Cast Aluminum Section, Structural Alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... a highly oxidized or phosphated surface which acts as insulation between the layers, thereby electrically isolating each for maximum efficiency. At RF frequencies, powder metallurgy (PM) materials and ceramics are generally used because the particle size of the permeable material must be very small–i.e...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ) and in the development of improved materials and design techniques for stray-current control of electrified rail systems. Improvements include special insulation methods for rail systems ( Ref 8 ) and the use of special materials and design techniques for the embedment of track in the congested downtown portion...